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Article: Griffiths, K. M., Jorm, A. F., Christensen, H., Medway, J., & Dear, K. B.
(2002).Research priorities in mental health, Part 2: an evaluation of the
current research effort against stakeholders' priorities. Australian and
New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 36(3), 327-339.
In this article, the focus is on the factor of priority when dealing with the provision of
mental health services. The research recognizes that in some instances, the issues of
mental health and physical problems such as the general body weakness, are not
available. Moreover, the article points out that professionals have to apply alternative
ways of determining how much attention a certain patient requires. Therefore,
concluding that there is a need to look at these factors and determine the one that key
stakeholders should consider necessary.
According to the paper, every stakeholder expects the professionals to have the
capability to handle all mental problems. It points out their obligations as the
provision of both medication and psychological support to the patients. The paper also
highlights that they are expected to have critical thinking and be ethical while dealing
with a dilemma situation. This includes a situation when many people demand health
services. Moreover, it says that the professionals are also expected to ensure that they
have enough resources to use when dealing with their mental health patients.
The paper lists the major beneficiaries under this case, which include patients who
chance to be treated by the professionals. It discusses the high-quality services
patients get at a very affordable price. Also, it says professionals need to determine
which patient requires immediate attention. Therefore, according to them, they are
supposed to be focused more on mental health patients who will harm themselves or
anyone in the community in case the intervention is not done on time. On the other
hand, the article poses a major challenge whereby one cannot have a conclusive
opinion on a patient by just looking at them. Furthermore, it challenges the
government by the need to provide quality mental healthcare facilities to its people.
The paper outlines the advantages likely to achieve when the government provides
quality health services. However, it reminds us that time management and providing
quality services is still a challenge, especially to the government and the health care
professions, as they are expected to deliver their services at a reduced cost.
In conclusion, the paper suggests that both personal interest and social relationships
may affect the judgment of a professional health caregiver. It further discusses that
personal relationships with the patient usually affect the quality of service they are
offered. For instance, according to the article, a professional will be keen while
attending a close relative or friend. In contrast, it suggests that the same professional
will be less effective to someone they have a negative attitude on. In other cases, the
paper points out that having an effective knowledge of patients’ needs may benefit the
employees in their decision making. Finally, according to the article, the availability
of medical reports and information about the behavior of a patient from close friends
and family may ease in decision making.
In summary, the article could be used in determining the policy used in the process of
providing mental health care and factors that should be considered. The article
suggests that the government should ensure that mentally challenged individuals are
catered for in society. Also, the article emphasizes the need to have guidelines and
policies to make them enjoy and be made to feel like any other person. The paper has
highlighted various factors such as affective disorder and primary suicide care, which
require higher priority on mental health patients. Moreover, it can be used on policies
related to the determination of necessary approaches to mental health provision.
However, researchers in the paper do not address the need to decide on the approach
taken while taking one as an inpatient or outpatient. Therefore, there is a need for
further research in this case.
Article: Hussain, S. S., Murad, M., Gul, R. B., & Asad, N. (2018). Integration of
mental health into primary healthcare: perceptions of stakeholders in
Pakistan. Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, 24(2), 146.
This paper focuses on the need to establish integrated mental health systems with
other health facilities. Moreover, it recognizes that there are high cases of mental
disorders that need to be addressed. In society, we often come across people with
different mental problems. Therefore, the article suggests that people need to consider
and show mercy to them despite their relationship. The article does a good job of
elaborating on how to cater to these people. It argues that the current system does not
offer enough services, and there is a need for a better approach when dealing with the
According to the article, employees in normal health facilities and mental health
facilities are the key stakeholders. The paper argues that the main expectation from
these stakeholders is surplus resources from the government and international
organizations such as the WHO. The article further elaborates that without enough
resources, then the expected change will not work. For example, without building
mental health facilities, this will lead to the skirmishing of mental health patients
when getting health services. According to the paper, this will lead to high
overcrowding in hospitals bringing about a challenge on the process of mental health
services; hence, stakeholders get overworked, therefore diminishing the quality of
services they provide.
The paper indicates that the expected beneficiaries will be the mental health patients
and the community at large. Moreover, it suggests that the mental health patients will
benefit from the close availability of services which will monitor their advancement
towards recovery. Mental health patients will benefit from this in such a way that they
will not have to spend a lot of transport or time when they wish to access the health
facilities; additionally, the community benefits. For instance, the implementation of
new mental health facilities, more workers will be needed to increase the number of
employees resulting in more people getting employed. Through this, the paper
concludes that the government will have achieved in the provision of healthcare and
the creation of job opportunities in the healthcare sector. Moreover, it points out that
people will access the required healthcare services when needed. Thus, there is a need
to ensure the availability of required resources in order to prevent any problem during
service provision. On the other hand, it suggests that without health employers, a
country may not be habitable since they are the key stakeholders. Therefore, they
ought to make sure that all medics in their country are placed in a desirable condition
in respect to their desired profession. Employees in the healthcare sector are the main
stakeholders, they should be taken into account when it comes to the integration of
health services. For example, stakeholders expect more workers and more facilities to
be established to accommodate the expected population of mental health patients.
Therefore, in case these demands are not met, then they will not be satisfied and may
not provide adequate services. The article thus concludes that this can highly affect
patients who are struggling to get mental health services. As the article ends, it
elaborates that the government expects mental health services to be provided through
the most economical means, and it should always ensure patients receive high-quality
The research article could be effective in addressing the policy of integrating mental
health facilities with normal health facilities. In addition, the study has established
key significant necessities in the integration of health services, which include political
commitment, adequate human and finance resources, and strong advocacy. Therefore,
it can be used to determine how these factors are necessary for integration. However,
questions that are not addressed yet about the integration process include the
estimated number of workers and the expected cost needed on the integration process.
Moreover, it has not established how the approach will help the patient or made any
comment on whether integration is necessary. Finally, the article does not consider
the community as key stakeholders and the need to put their opinion into account.