learning is an important area in the field of psychology and behavior science
more generally. Given this, it is essential that behavior analysts articulate a
sound theory of how behavior change occurs through observation. Observational
learning, researched by (Albert Bandura) occurs through observing the behaviors
of others and imitating those behaviors, even if there is no reinforcement at
an adaptive function by which our nervous system changes in relation to stimuli
in the environment, thus changing our behavioral responses and permitting us
function in our environment. Stimuli anything external that influences an activity.
In psychology, any energy patterns (e.g. light or sound) which are registered
by the senses. Learning involves physical changes in the nervous
system such as the strengthening of synapses, the activation of neural
pathways, or the pruning of neural pathways. These changes illicit specific
responses to stimuli in the environment. Reinforcement is the process of strengthening
a directly measurable dimension of behavior. The process whereby a behavior
with desirable consequences comes to be repeated. Stimuli and reinforcement is
very important in observation learning since both parameters go hand in hand
observational learning to be realized.
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