The Adverse Impacts of Disasters and Emergencies on Homeless People in the United States and the Significant Need for Preparing them

Humanities

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THE ADVERSE IMPACTS OF DISASTERS ON HOMELESS PEOPLE 1 Abstract The purpose of this discussion is to highlight the adverse impacts of disasters on homeless people in the United States and the significant need for developing emergency preparedness plans for them before, during, and after disasters. The critical need for implementing such welldeveloped plans to prepare this group of people for disasters will be one crucial aspect of this discussion. This discussion starts with a brief history of the number of homeless people in the U.S. It then reports some examples of the adverse impacts of natural disasters, such as hurricanes on the homeless population in the U.S. The discussion also reports other examples to illustrate how natural disasters, including Hurricane Sandy and Katrina, have harmfully impacted American homeless. Substance abuse is one of the topics this discussion focuses on by explaining how being homeless forces these people to be drug addicts, leading to impacting their health dramatically. The discussion also discusses some ethical and medical issues that can be found in many of the homeless shelters. Finally, this discussion is concluded by stating some recommendations and suggestions for governmental and non-governmental organizations to develop emergency preparedness planning to protect homeless persons effectively during natural disasters. THE ADVERSE IMPACTS OF DISASTERS ON HOMELESS PEOPLE 2 The Adverse Impacts of Disasters and Emergencies on Homeless People in the United States and the US and the Significant Need for Preparing them Disasters can dramatically cause adverse impacts among populations and infrastructures. When major disasters strike, they will likely kill many people and destroy the majority of the residential buildings in the affected area. Therefore, during disasters, people living in homes will probably be scared of whether their homes will handle these incidents or will be damaged. Since these people are inside their homes and afraid, imagine how disasters can be frightening for homeless people. It is believed that homeless people require such unique preparedness planning for disasters. It is thus vital that governmental and non-governmental organizations establish welldeveloped plans that focus on supporting homeless people before, during, and after disasters. In the United States, figures from the point-in-time count of January 2014 show that at any given night, more than half a million people are homeless. Almost 85,000 homeless persons believe that they are chronically homeless, which means that a homeless person with a disabled disability has experienced at least four episodes of homelessness in the last three years (Fogel, 2016). I. History of the homelessness in the U.S. USE THIS SOURCE (Murphy & Tobin, 2014). II. The adverse impacts on homeless people during Hurricane Sandy What? When? How? Why? What could be done to protect homeless persons? USE THIS SOURCE (Vickery, 2017). III. Some examples of public health emergencies among homeless people in the U.S. THE ADVERSE IMPACTS OF DISASTERS ON HOMELESS PEOPLE • The effects of COVID-19 on homeless persons USE THIS SOURCE: (Tsai & Wilson, 2020). • The need for Maximizing the immunization rate among the homeless people USE THIS SOURCE: (Smith, 2016). And this source (Buccieri & Gaetz, 2013). IV. Evacuation and Sheltering issues among Homeless Community during the 2013 Floods USE THIS SOURCE: (Vickery, 2017) pages 90 – 103. V. The significant need for effective emergency preparedness planning for homelessness USE THIS SOURCE: (Vickery, 2017) & this source (Baldassari, 2019) 3 THE ADVERSE IMPACTS OF DISASTERS ON HOMELESS PEOPLE 4 References Baldassari, E. (2019). Could FEMA House the Homeless? It Could Happen Under New Federal Bill. KQED. Retrieved from https://www.kqed.org/news/11796185/could-fema-housethe-homeless-it-could-happen-under-new-federal-bill Buccieri, K., & Gaetz, S. (2013). Ethical vaccine distribution planning for pandemic influenza: Prioritizing homeless and hard-to-reach populations. Public Health Ethics, 6(2),185196. https://doi.org/10.1093/phe/pht005 Murphy, J., & Tobin, K. (2014). Homelessness in the US: A historical analysis. American Educational History Journal, 41(1/2), 267. https://go.gale.com/ps/i.do?id=GALE%7CA394347439&sid=googleScholar&v=2.1&it=r &linkaccess=fulltext&issn=15350584&p=AONE&sw=w&casa_token=WtDzWyeYeacA AAAA:LNT5INdlGuI4ELxAt6JTigLB4jIoLi60jiNF_95Hms4TCI7jfOJ5slllLc51b1zOAVLK5MDaHzCzRc Smith, R. (2016). Interventions to Increase Vaccination Rates in Homeless Adults Aged 50 Years and Older in a Shelter-Based Clinic. https://athenaeum.uiw.edu/uiw_dnp/2 Tsai, J., & Wilson, M. (2020). COVID-19: a potential public health problem for homeless populations. Lancet Public Health. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2468-2667(20)30053-0 Vickery, J. (2017). Every day is a disaster: Homelessness and the 2013 Colorado floods (Doctoral dissertation, University of Colorado at Boulder). https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/a094/c617f0b61c058afb3cc4ebe96078c655bd5d.pdf ...
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