Use Inference and Extrapolation to Answer Questions about a Text

Aug 10th, 2014
DotaCN
Category:
Communications
Price: $10 USD

Question description

Use Inference and Extrapolation to Answer Questions about a Text

Corruption
nourished by these changes permeated the executive and legislative branches of
the federal government throughout the nineteenth century, peaking in the
scandals that rocked the Grant administration in the mid-1870s. What most
aroused concern, though, was corruption identified with municipal and state
governments—focal points of business pressure for concessions and privileges,
and nurseries of the great nineteenth-century political machines. Its
characteristic form, pioneered by New York’s Tammany Hall, was a web of
understandings between party leaders, officeholders, and businessmen willing to
cut corners. In return for getting out the vote, the machine received exclusive
control of government appointments and programs—the spoils of office. Its
placemen returned a fixed percentage of their salaries to the organization,
along with a cut of whatever bribes, kickbacks, and the like they could devise.
The resulting stream of “boodle” (a lush new vocabulary of corruption was being
created, too) then passed down to county and district leaders, ward heelers,
and precinct captains. They completed the cycle by distributing the gifts and
favors that ensured voter loyalty to the organization on election day.

Instructions: In a separate
document, answer each of the following questions based on the above provided
text. For each question, identify the most correct answer and provide a brief
explanation (1-3 sentences) of why it is the most correct.

1.  According to this passage, the area of political corruption of most concern in the late
19th Century was:

a.  The extent of corrupting business influences within the Grant Administration of the
mid-1870’s.

b.  Insidious networks of understandings developed by local and state political machines
between business and party leaders and officials.

c.  The bribery of officials elected to federal office by local governmental political
machines.

d.  The equitable distribution of “boodle” between party officials, government
appointees, and other officials.


2.  It can be inferred from this passage that groups such as Tammany Hall:

a.  Were highly organized and effective organizations devoted to developing and
maintaining political power for their operators.

b.  Devoted themselves to the betterment of their constituencies through whatever means
necessary.

c.  Could never have been successful without the increases in corruption at the level of
the federal government as exhibited within the Grant Administration.

d.  Were ultimately ineffectual in maintaining a political hold over their various
localities.

 

 

3.  Based on this passage, it would be most correct to say:

a.  The executive branch of the 19th Century lacked the will, political or
otherwise, to deal with issues of corruption at the local and state levels.

b.  The leaders of the local business communities were the true driving forces behind
Tammany Hall.

c.  Many members of a political machine paid into the system, which was used to maintain
and expand its hold on power.

d.  The political machines were a mechanism created to redistribute an excess of wealth
held by the industrial barons of the 19th Century.

 

 

4.  Based on this passage, political corruption:

a.  By the mid-1870’s, it could be found at alarming levels throughout all areas of
government: local, state, and federal.

b.  Was only problematic in certain, confined regions and sectors, in particular New
York and Washington, D.C.

c.  Served to benefit large portions of the population who had been previously
disenfranchised by the government.

d.  In the 19th Century it eventually collapsed under the weight of its own
hypocrisy.

 

5.  “Boodle”
was the result of what?

a.  Party loyalists contributing to a specific party to aid them in their election bid.

b.  Members of the federal legislature providing kickbacks to their local party officials.

c.  Bribes paid by businessmen looking for political favors from local officials or other
members of the political machine.

d.  Members of the machine returning a portion of governmental salaries, kickbacks, bribes,
and any other income earned as a result of their appointed position.




Tutor Answer

(Top Tutor) Daniel C.
(997)
School: UT Austin
PREMIUM TUTOR

Studypool has helped 1,244,100 students

8 Reviews


Summary
Quality
Communication
On Time
Value
kevin12622
Dec 6th, 2016
" Goes above and beyond expectations ! "
kiln82
Nov 27th, 2016
" awesome work thanks "
ashleyisgod
Nov 23rd, 2016
" Top quality work from this guy! I'll be back! "
likeplum4
Nov 14th, 2016
" Excellent work as usual "
Molly_Moon
Oct 31st, 2016
" AMAZING as always! "
kpcutie
Oct 22nd, 2016
" Excellent job "
Hemapathy
Oct 9th, 2016
" all I can say is wow very fast work, great work thanks "
pmallory
Sep 30th, 2016
" Totally impressed with results!! :-) "
Ask your homework questions. Receive quality answers!

Type your question here (or upload an image)

1827 tutors are online

Brown University





1271 Tutors

California Institute of Technology




2131 Tutors

Carnegie Mellon University




982 Tutors

Columbia University





1256 Tutors

Dartmouth University





2113 Tutors

Emory University





2279 Tutors

Harvard University





599 Tutors

Massachusetts Institute of Technology



2319 Tutors

New York University





1645 Tutors

Notre Dam University





1911 Tutors

Oklahoma University





2122 Tutors

Pennsylvania State University





932 Tutors

Princeton University





1211 Tutors

Stanford University





983 Tutors

University of California





1282 Tutors

Oxford University





123 Tutors

Yale University





2325 Tutors