Human disease and drug

Humanities

Bryant and Stratton College

Question Description

Question 1

  1. For the following, match the appropriate drug or drug class to its correct action. Choose the best answer for each.
    Symlin
    metformin
    Prandase
    Victoza
    Invokana
    A.acts like natural gut hormones that are secreted with meals at the same time insulin is secreted to help lower blood glucose levels by delaying gastric emptying
    B.does not act directly on the beta cells, but increase sensitivity of the insulin receptor to the binding of naturally secreted insulin thus improving movement of glucose into the cells.
    C.noninsulin antidiabetic drug that delays gastric emptying and lowers after-meal blood glucose levels
    D. lower blood glucose levels by preventing the kidney from reabsorption of glucose. Rather, the filtered glucose is excreted in the urine.
    E.slows digestion of dietary starches and complex carbohydrates by inhibiting an enzyme that breaks them down into glucose

3.334 points

Question 2

  1. For the following, match the lab finding to its associated disease, pathology, or condition. Choose the best answer for each.
    Elevated PSA levels
    A.hyperthyroidism
    B.pregnancy
    C.diabetes mellitus
    D.possible prostate cancer
    E.diabetic acidosis
    F.kidney stones

3.334 points

Question 3

  1. Diabetes mellitus and diabetes insipidus are both endocrine disorders with similar symptomatology, but they each have different mechanisms. In a short well-constructed paragraph, contrast these two conditions citing specific hormones, lab results, and/or symptoms to support your understanding of their differences. Your response should be between 50 – 100 words.
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    Path: pWords:0

3.334 points

Question 4

  1. Pelvic floor muscles and the urethral structure may become weakened causing stress incontinence as a result of which of the following:
    A.renal cell carcinoma (RCC).
    B.ovarian tumors.
    C.childbirth.
    D.hypothyroidism.

3.334 points

Question 5

  1. An evaluation for malignancy should take place if a postmenopausal women experiences which of the following
    A.Incontinence
    B.Lack of uterine bleeding
    C.Any uterine bleeding
    D.Pelvic discomfort

3.334 points

Question 6

  1. Diabetes mellitus may be treated through which of the following
    A.regulated diet and exercise.
    B.administration of insulin if prescribed.
    C.blood and urine monitoring.
    D.All statements are correct.

3.334 points

Question 7

  1. Which of the following are associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH):
    A.pain, fever, and malaise.
    B.swelling and tenderness of one or both testes.
    C.decreased ability to empty the bladder and a weak stream of urine
    D.All statements are correct.

3.334 points

Question 8

  1. Blood testing for a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is used in diagnosing
    A.testicular cancer.
    B. prostate cancer.
    C.colorectal cancer.
    D.ovarian cancer.

3.334 points

Question 9

  1. A congenital condition involving a hyperactive pituitary that causes increased bone growth in children and adolescence is called
    A.cretinism.
    B.gigantism
    C.acromegaly
    D.none of the above.

3.334 points

Question 10

  1. Ectopic pregnancy have a higher likelihood in which of the following
    A.women that have not given birth before
    B.women with poor diets.
    C.women with a history of PID.
    D.women that exercise.

3.334 points

Question 11

  1. Function of the urinary system is evaluated by which of the following:
    A.physical examination alone.
    B.the patient’s history alone.
    C.urinalysis (UA) and blood tests.
    D.records of daily liquid intake.

3.334 points

Question 12

  1. The condition of the kidney caused by blockage in the ureter is associated with
    A.enuresis.
    B.diabetic nephropathy.
    C.renal calculi.
    D.hydronephrosis.

3.334 points

Question 13

  1. Which of the following are symptoms and signs of diabetic coma?
    A.hypoglycemia, dry skin, increased hunger, and polydipsia.
    B.hyperglycemia, increased hunger, cold sweat, and trembling.
    C.hyperglycemia, polydipsia, nausea and emesis, and dry skin.
    D.hypoglycemia, anxiety, fruity breath odor, and polydipsia.

3.334 points

Question 14

  1. Hypertension, edema, protein in the urine, and convulsions are all possible symptoms and signs of
    A.toxemia in pregnancy,
    B.preeclampsia
    C.eclampsia
    D.All statements are correct.

3.334 points

Question 15

  1. Hyperparathyroidism or overproduction of parathyroid hormone (PTH) causes
    A.decreased activity of osteoclasts.
    B.hypocalcemia, or decreased circulating blood calcium levels.
    C.cardiac arrhythmias and renal calculi.
    D. All statements are correct.

3.334 points

Question 16

  1. Diabetes that occurs during pregnancy and subsides after giving birth is called
    A.type 1, insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus.
    B.gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM).
    C.type 2, non–insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM).
    D.Diabetes insipidus.

3.334 points

Question 17

  1. Which of the following are possible complications of PID, if not treated
    A.pelvic adhesions.
    B.elevated risk of ectopic pregnancy.
    C.septicemia.
    D.All statements are correct.

3.334 points

Question 18

  1. Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) may be a complication resulting from a failure to seek treatment which of the following sexually transmitted diseases:
    A.gonorrhea.
    B.HIV.
    C.HPV.
    D.hepatitis B

3.334 points

Question 19

  1. The most common sexually transmitted disease (STD) recorded in the United States is
    A.genital herpes.
    B.HIV.
    C. syphilis.
    D.chlamydia.

3.334 points

Question 20

  1. The treatment of genital herpes is directed at
    A.completely curing the disease.
    B.providing effective means to stop transmission.
    C.decreasing the frequency of outbreaks.
    D.All the statements are correct.

3.334 points

Question 21

  1. A highly contagious bacterial infection that can cause discharge from the penis or vagina is
    A.genital herpes.
    B.human papillomavirus virus (HPV).
    C.HIV.
    D.gonorrhea.

3.334 points

Question 22

  1. Which of the following statements is false about a simple goiter?
    A.The patient may notice a swelling of the neck and experience difficulty swallowing.
    B.Thyroid ultrasonography can confirm the presence of a thyroid nodule.
    C.All simple goiters are cancerous.
    D.Treatment usually involves the use of dietary iodine.

3.334 points

Question 23

  1. Hypersecretion of Human Growth Hormone occurring after puberty causing thickened bones, prominent forehead and jaw, is called
    A.acromegaly.
    B.gigantism.
    C.cretinism.
    D.all of the above.

3.334 points

Question 24

  1. Insulin shock can be caused by
    A.too much insulin.
    B.delayed meal or insufficient food.
    C.very low blood glucose.
    D.All statements are correct.

3.334 points

Question 25

  1. The treatment of syphilis is directed at
    A.completely curing the disease.
    B.decreasing the frequency of outbreaks.
    C.reduction of the symptoms only.
    D.maintaining proper blood pressure

3.334 points

Question 26

  1. The cystitis may be caused by
    A.untreated bacteria caused urethritis.
    B.sexually transmitted diseases (STDs).
    C.inflammation as a result of cancer therapies.
    D.All statements are correct.

3.334 points

Question 27

  1. Dialysis filters out unwanted elements from the blood, usually removed by healthy kidneys; thus
    A.the proper electrolyte levels in the body are maintained
    B.the proper acid-base levels in the body are maintained
    C.the proper fluid levels in the body are maintained
    D.All statements are correct.

3.334 points

Question 28

  1. The treatment of renal calculi might include
    A.lithotripsy.
    B.surgical intervention.
    C.increased fluid intake.
    D.All statements are correct.

3.334 points

Question 29

  1. Hepatitis B may be transmitted through which of the following
    A.broken skin contacting with blood, semen, vaginal secretions.
    B.sharing of contaminated needles, accidental inoculation.
    C.from an infected mother to her infant during birth.
    D.All of the statements are correct.

3.334 points

Question 30

  1. HPV is commonly associated with
    A.genital herpes.
    B.use of condoms.
    C.warts.
    D.trichomoniasis.

3.334 points

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