principle of taxation 1040 form

Business Finance

Question Description

INDIVIDUAL TAX RETURN WITH SOLE PROPRIETORSHIP

Note: this assignment is for tax year 2019 (the 2019 tax forms have been reproduced under the Syllabus and Other Info tab).

Required: Please print the forms and prepare this tax return in pencil.Then when complete, scan the return onto your desktop and upload it to Blackboard.

Facts

William Spicer (123-45-5789) and June Spicer (937-65-4321) have two dependent children, Sophie (236-52-6587) age 9 and Carl (236-52-6588) age 7, both of whom live at home. William operates a gourmet market in Raleigh, NC Bill’s Market, as an accrual-basis sole proprietorship.

The information on gross sales, expenses, and property transactions is shown below. William receives no salary and therefore, there is no related FICA tax for him.

The Market sold a unique piece of equipment for $13,000. It had originally cost $5,000

when purchased on March 5, 2015; it had an adjusted basis of $3,000 when sold on August

15, 2019. The Market also sold a display case for $1,000 on December 12, 2019, that had cost

$12,000 when purchased on June 6, 2013; it had an adjusted basis of $4,000 when sold. The

gains or losses on these asset sales are the same for tax and financial accounting. The

business complies with all Form 1099 requirements.

William is also a 10 percent shareholder in Imagineers Corporation, an S corporation, but

takes no active role in the business. He received a Schedule K-1 from this S corporation

reporting $18,000 in ordinary business income.

June is a general partner in The Bridal Shop Partnership. She worked 3 days a week at the shop and received a Schedule K-1 reporting a $12,000 guaranteed payment and $8,000 in ordinary business income. June paid $3,800 for after-school and summer child care while she worked.

2019 financial results for Bill’s Market is as follows:

Gross sales ($1,300,000 from credit card sales) 3,700,000

Merchandise purchases 2,480,000

Expenses:

Advertising 40,000

Charitable contributions 20,000

Cleaning/maintenance 12,000

Depreciation (MACRS pre-2019 purchases) 3,000

Section 179 expense (2/1/19 display case) 5,000

Payroll taxes 18,000

Health insurance 15,000*

Insurance (excludes health) 18,000

Interest expense 1,000

Licenses/fees 4,000

Meals/entertainment 10,000

Office expenses 14,000

Rent 120,000

Salary/wages 210,000

Travel 8,000

Utilities 32,000

*Includes $3,000 for health insurance for William and his family.

The following information pertains to the completion of the Spicers’ personal tax return:

Interest income $ 500

Dividend income (all qualified) 1,300

Unreimbursed doctor’s bills 8,000

Unreimbursed hospital bills 9,000

Dental bills 2,000

Mortgage interest 14,000

Real estate taxes 3,000

Contributions to their church 1,500

Investment advisor fees $3,659

The Spicers sold 10,000 shares of ABC stock on February 2, 2019 for $4,000. They had

purchased the stock on August 1, 2010 for $18,000. During 2019, the Spicers paid $300 with

their 2018 North Carolina state income tax return and made $4,600 in estimated payments for

2019 to NC. This amount exceeds their alternate state sales tax deduction. June is a volunteer at the

children’s school two days a week tutoring at-risk students. Her total mileage for her trips to

and from the school was 1,200 miles. She also had unreimbursed out-of-pocket expenses for

teaching materials for these students of $232. Additionally, the Spicers contribute $3,000 each to regular IRAs.

The Spicers made 2019 Federal quarterly estimated tax payments of $17,500 each quarter. All payments were made when due. Any refund that the Spicers have for 2019 is to be applied to their 2020 estimated taxes.

Form 1040 and Related Forms and Schedules

Form 1040: U.S. Individual Income Tax Return & Schedules 1-5

Schedule A: Itemized Deductions

Schedule C: Profit or Loss from Business (Sole Proprietorship)

Schedule D: Capital Gains and Losses

Schedule E: Supplemental Income and Loss

Schedule SE: Self-Employment Tax (2)

Form 2441: Child and Dependent Care Expenses

Form 4562: Depreciation and Amortization

Form 4797: Sales of Business Property

Form 8582: Passive Activity Loss Limitations

Form 8949: Sales and Other Disposition of Capital Assets

The Spicers will prepare only one joint tax return, their Form 1040, along with all the required

schedules and forms including the Schedule C where the income and expenses for Bill’s Market are reported. A Form 4797 is completed for the business property dispositions; the

sale of the stock is entered on the Form 8949; the net gain on the equipment disposition and

the gain or loss on the stock are both included on the Spicer’s Schedule D. The depreciation

recapture, if any, is also entered on Form 4797 and is transferred directly to the Spicers’ Form 1040.

Two other items are not included on the Schedule C—the health insurance for William and

his family (which is deducted on page 1 of the Form 1040 as a deduction for AGI) and the

charitable contribution (which is included with the Spicers’ personal charitable deductions on

their Schedule A). June is allowed to deduct 14 cents per mile for the 1,200 miles driven

($168) for her volunteer work along with her out-of-pocket charitable expenses of $232.

Their other itemized deductions are $23,800 for mortgage interest, $7,800 for Real Estate taxes, and $680 for Personal Property taxes. Their dividend income is taxed at the Capital Gain rate, while the rest of their income is taxed at the regular rates.

Unformatted Attachment Preview

Form 2441 Child and Dependent Care Expenses ▶ Department of the Treasury Internal Revenue Service (99) ▶ OMB No. 1545-0074 1040 1040-SR .......... ◀ 2019 1040-NR Attach to Form 1040, 1040-SR, or 1040-NR. 2441 Go to www.irs.gov/Form2441 for instructions and the latest information. Attachment Sequence No. 21 Your social security number Name(s) shown on return You cannot claim a credit for child and dependent care expenses if your filing status is married filing separately unless you meet the requirements listed in the instructions under “Married Persons Filing Separately.” If you meet these requirements, check this box. Part I 1 Persons or Organizations Who Provided the Care—You must complete this part. (If you have more than two care providers, see the instructions.) (a) Care provider’s name (b) Address (number, street, apt. no., city, state, and ZIP code) (c) Identifying number (SSN or EIN) (d) Amount paid (see instructions) Did you receive ▶ Complete only Part II below. No dependent care benefits? ▶ Complete Part III on the back next. Yes Caution: If the care was provided in your home, you may owe employment taxes. For details, see the instructions for Schedule 2 (Form 1040 or 1040-SR), line 7a; or Form 1040-NR, line 59a. Part II 2 Credit for Child and Dependent Care Expenses Information about your qualifying person(s). If you have more than two qualifying persons, see the instructions. First (c) Qualified expenses you incurred and paid in 2019 for the person listed in column (a) (b) Qualifying person’s social security number (a) Qualifying person’s name Last 3 Add the amounts in column (c) of line 2. Don’t enter more than $3,000 for one qualifying person or $6,000 for two or more persons. If you completed Part III, enter the amount from line 31 . . 4 5 Enter your earned income. See instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . If married filing jointly, enter your spouse’s earned income (if you or your spouse was a student or was disabled, see the instructions); all others, enter the amount from line 4 . . . . . . 6 7 Enter the smallest of line 3, 4, or 5 . . . . . . . . . . . Enter the amount from Form 1040 or 1040-SR, line 8b; or Form 1040-NR, line 35 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 9 10 11 . . . . . . . . . 3 4 5 6 7 Enter on line 8 the decimal amount shown below that applies to the amount on line 7 If line 7 is: But not over Over Decimal amount is If line 7 is: $0—15,000 15,000—17,000 17,000—19,000 19,000—21,000 21,000—23,000 23,000—25,000 25,000—27,000 27,000—29,000 .35 .34 .33 .32 .31 .30 .29 .28 Over But not over $29,000—31,000 31,000—33,000 33,000—35,000 35,000—37,000 37,000—39,000 39,000—41,000 41,000—43,000 43,000—No limit Decimal amount is .27 .26 .25 .24 .23 .22 .21 .20 8 Multiply line 6 by the decimal amount on line 8. If you paid 2018 expenses in 2019, see the instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tax liability limit. Enter the amount from the Credit Limit Worksheet in the instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Credit for child and dependent care expenses. Enter the smaller of line 9 or line 10 here and on Schedule 3 (Form 1040 or 1040-SR), line 2; or Form 1040-NR, line 47 . . . . . . . . For Paperwork Reduction Act Notice, see your tax return instructions. Cat. No. 11862M X. 9 11 Form 2441 (2019) Page 2 Form 2441 (2019) Part III Dependent Care Benefits 12 Enter the total amount of dependent care benefits you received in 2019. Amounts you received as an employee should be shown in box 10 of your Form(s) W-2. Don’t include amounts reported as wages in box 1 of Form(s) W-2. If you were self-employed or a partner, include amounts you received under a dependent care assistance program from your sole proprietorship or partnership . 13 Enter the amount, if any, you carried over from 2018 and used in 2019 during the grace period. See instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Enter the amount, if any, you forfeited or carried forward to 2020. See instructions 15 Combine lines 12 through 14. See instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Enter the total amount of qualified expenses incurred in 2019 for the care of the qualifying person(s) . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 17 Enter the smaller of line 15 or 16 . . . . . . . 18 Enter your earned income. See instructions . . . 19 Enter the amount shown below that applies to you. • If married filing jointly, enter your spouse’s earned income (if you or your spouse was a student or was disabled, see the . . instructions for line 5). • If married filing separately, see instructions. } . . . . . . . . . . 17 18 . . . . . 19 . 20 • All others, enter the amount from line 18. 20 Enter the smallest of line 17, 18, or 19 . . . . . . . . . 21 Enter $5,000 ($2,500 if married filing separately and you were required to enter your spouse’s earned income on line 19) . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 13 14 ( 15 ) . 21 22 Is any amount on line 12 from your sole proprietorship or partnership? No. Enter -0-. Yes. Enter the amount here . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 23 Subtract line 22 from line 15 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Deductible benefits. Enter the smallest of line 20, 21, or 22. Also, include this amount on the appropriate line(s) of your return. See instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Excluded benefits. If you checked “No” on line 22, enter the smaller of line 20 or 21. Otherwise, subtract line 24 from the smaller of line 20 or line 21. If zero or less, enter -0- . . . . . . . 26 Taxable benefits. Subtract line 25 from line 23. If zero or less, enter -0-. Also, include this amount on Form 1040 or 1040-SR, line 1; or Form 1040-NR, line 8. On the dotted line next to Form 1040 or 1040-SR, line 1; or Form 1040-NR, line 8, enter “DCB” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 24 25 26 To claim the child and dependent care credit, complete lines 27 through 31 below. 27 Enter $3,000 ($6,000 if two or more qualifying persons) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 Add lines 24 and 25 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Subtract line 28 from line 27. If zero or less, stop. You can’t take the credit. Exception. If you paid 2018 expenses in 2019, see the instructions for line 9 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 Complete line 2 on the front of this form. Don’t include in column (c) any benefits shown on line 28 above. Then, add the amounts in column (c) and enter the total here . . . . . . . . . 31 Enter the smaller of line 29 or 30. Also, enter this amount on line 3 on the front of this form and complete lines 4 through 11 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 28 29 30 31 Form 2441 (2019) Form 4797 Department of the Treasury Internal Revenue Service Sales of Business Property OMB No. 1545-0184 Attach to your tax return. Go to www.irs.gov/Form4797 for instructions and the latest information. ▶ ▶ Attachment Sequence No. Enter the gross proceeds from sales or exchanges reported to you for 2019 on Form(s) 1099-B or 1099-S (or substitute statement) that you are including on line 2, 10, or 20. See instructions . . . . . . . . . . . Part I 1 Sales or Exchanges of Property Used in a Trade or Business and Involuntary Conversions From Other Than Casualty or Theft—Most Property Held More Than 1 Year (see instructions) (a) Description of property 2 27 Identifying number Name(s) shown on return 1 2019 (Also Involuntary Conversions and Recapture Amounts Under Sections 179 and 280F(b)(2)) (b) Date acquired (mo., day, yr.) (c) Date sold (mo., day, yr.) (e) Depreciation allowed or allowable since acquisition (d) Gross sales price (f) Cost or other basis, plus improvements and expense of sale 3 4 Gain, if any, from Form 4684, line 39 . . . . . . . . . . . Section 1231 gain from installment sales from Form 6252, line 26 or 37 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 4 5 6 7 Section 1231 gain or (loss) from like-kind exchanges from Form 8824 . . . . . . . . Gain, if any, from line 32, from other than casualty or theft . . . . . . . . . . . Combine lines 2 through 6. Enter the gain or (loss) here and on the appropriate line as follows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 6 7 . . . . . . . . . . . . (g) Gain or (loss) Subtract (f) from the sum of (d) and (e) Partnerships and S corporations. Report the gain or (loss) following the instructions for Form 1065, Schedule K, line 10, or Form 1120-S, Schedule K, line 9. Skip lines 8, 9, 11, and 12 below. 8 9 Individuals, partners, S corporation shareholders, and all others. If line 7 is zero or a loss, enter the amount from line 7 on line 11 below and skip lines 8 and 9. If line 7 is a gain and you didn’t have any prior year section 1231 losses, or they were recaptured in an earlier year, enter the gain from line 7 as a long-term capital gain on the Schedule D filed with your return and skip lines 8, 9, 11, and 12 below. Nonrecaptured net section 1231 losses from prior years. See instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Subtract line 8 from line 7. If zero or less, enter -0-. If line 9 is zero, enter the gain from line 7 on line 12 below. If line 9 is more than zero, enter the amount from line 8 on line 12 below and enter the gain from line 9 as a long-term capital gain on the Schedule D filed with your return. See instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Part II Ordinary Gains and Losses (see instructions) 10 Ordinary gains and losses not included on lines 11 through 16 (include property held 1 year or less): 11 12 Loss, if any, from line 7 . . . . . . . . . . . Gain, if any, from line 7 or amount from line 8, if applicable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 ( 12 13 14 15 Gain, if any, from line 31 . . . . . . . . . . . . . Net gain or (loss) from Form 4684, lines 31 and 38a . . . . . Ordinary gain from installment sales from Form 6252, line 25 or 36 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 14 15 16 17 Ordinary gain or (loss) from like-kind exchanges from Form 8824 Combine lines 10 through 16 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 17 18 For all except individual returns, enter the amount from line 17 on the appropriate line of your return and skip lines a and b below. For individual returns, complete lines a and b below. . . . . . . a If the loss on line 11 includes a loss from Form 4684, line 35, column (b)(ii), enter that part of the loss here. Enter the loss from income-producing property on Schedule A (Form 1040 or Form 1040-SR), line 16. (Do not include any loss on property used as an employee.) Identify as from “Form 4797, line 18a.” See instructions . . . . . . . . . . 18a b Redetermine the gain or (loss) on line 17 excluding the loss, if any, on line 18a. Enter here and on Schedule 1 (Form 1040 or Form 1040-SR), Part I, line 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18b For Paperwork Reduction Act Notice, see separate instructions. Cat. No. 13086I ) Form 4797 (2019) Page 2 Form 4797 (2019) Part III 19 Gain From Disposition of Property Under Sections 1245, 1250, 1252, 1254, and 1255 (see instructions) (a) Description of section 1245, 1250, 1252, 1254, or 1255 property: (b) Date acquired (mo., day, yr.) (c) Date sold (mo., day, yr.) Property C Property D A B C D These columns relate to the properties on lines 19A through 19D. ▶ 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 . . . . 20 21 22 23 . . 24 . . . . 25a 25b Gross sales price (Note: See line 1 before completing.) Cost or other basis plus expense of sale . . . . Depreciation (or depletion) allowed or allowable . . Adjusted basis. Subtract line 22 from line 21. . . Total gain. Subtract line 23 from line 20 . . . If section 1245 property: a Depreciation allowed or allowable from line 22 . b Enter the smaller of line 24 or 25a. . . . . If section 1250 property: If straight line depreciation was used, enter -0- on line 26g, except for a corporation subject to section 291. a Additional depreciation after 1975. See instructions . 26a b Applicable percentage multiplied by the smaller of line 24 or line 26a. See instructions. . . . . . . . 26b c Subtract line 26a from line 24. If residential rental property or line 24 isn’t more than line 26a, skip lines 26d and 26e d Additional depreciation after 1969 and before 1976. . e Enter the smaller of line 26c or 26d . . . . . . f Section 291 amount (corporations only) . . . . . g Add lines 26b, 26e, and 26f . . . . . . . . 26c 26d 26e 26f 26g Property B If section 1252 property: Skip this section if you didn’t dispose of farmland or if this form is being completed for a partnership. a Soil, water, and land clearing expenses . . . . . b Line 27a multiplied by applicable percentage. See instructions c Enter the smaller of line 24 or 27b . . . . . . 28 If section 1254 property: a Intangible drilling and development costs, expenditures for development of mines and other natural deposits, mining exploration costs, and depletion. See instructions b Enter the smaller of line 24 or 28a. . . . . . . 29 Property A 27a 27b 27c 28a 28b If section 1255 property: a Applicable percentage of payments excluded from income under section 126. See instructions . . . b Enter the smaller of line 24 or 29a. See instructions . . 29a 29b Summary of Part III Gains. Complete property columns A through D through line 29b before going to line 30. 30 31 Total gains for all properties. Add property columns A through D, line 24 . . . . . . . . Add property columns A through D, lines 25b, 26g, 27c, 28b, and 29b. Enter here and on line 13 . 32 Subtract line 31 from line 30. Enter the portion from casualty or theft on Form 4684, line 33. Enter the portion from other than casualty or theft on Form 4797, line 6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Part IV . . . . . . . . . . 30 31 32 Recapture Amounts Under Sections 179 and 280F(b)(2) When Business Use Drops to 50% or Less (see instructions) (a) Section 179 33 Section 179 expense deduction or depreciation allowable in prior years. . . . 34 35 Recomputed depreciation. See instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Recapture amount. Subtract line 34 from line 33. See the instructions for where to report . . . . . . . . 33 34 35 (b) Section 280F(b)(2) Form 4797 (2019) Form 8582 Department of the Treasury Internal Revenue Service (99) Passive Activity Loss Limitations OMB No. 1545-1008 2019 ▶ See separate instructions. to Form 1040, Form 1040-SR, or Form 1041. ▶ Go to www.irs.gov/Form8582 for instructions and the latest information. ▶ Attach Attachment Sequence No. 88 Identifying number Name(s) shown on return Part I 2019 Passive Activity Loss Caution: Complete Worksheets 1, 2, and 3 before completing Part I. Rental Real Estate Activities With Active Participation (For the definition of active participation, see Special Allowance for Rental Real Estate Activities in the instructions.) 1a Activities with net income (enter the amount from Worksheet 1, column (a)) . 1a ) b Activities with net loss (enter the amount from Worksheet 1, column (b)) . . 1b ( ) c Prior years’ unallowed losses (enter the amount from Worksheet 1, column (c)) 1c ( d Combine lines 1a, 1b, and 1c . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1d Commercial Revitalization Deductions From Rental Real Estate Activities ) 2a Commercial revitalization deductions from Worksheet 2, column (a) . . . 2a ( b Prior year unallowed commercial revitalization deductions from Worksheet 2, column (b) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . c Add lines 2a and 2b . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . All Other Passive Activities 3a Activities with net income (enter the amount from Worksheet 3, column (a)) . b Activities with net loss (enter the amount from Worksheet 3, column (b)) . . c Prior years’ unallowed losses (enter the amount from Worksheet 3, column (c)) d Combine lines 3a, 3b, and 3c . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2b ( . . . 3a 3b ( 3c ( . . . ) . . . 2c ( . ) ) ) . . . . 3d 4 Combine lines 1d, 2c, and 3d. If this line is zero or more, stop here and include this form with your return; all losses are allowed, including any prior year unallowed losses entered on line 1c, 2b, or 3c. Report the losses on the forms and schedules normally used . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 If line 4 is a loss and: • Line 1d is a loss, go to Part II. • Line 2c is a loss (and line 1d is zero or more), skip Part II and go to Part III. • Line 3d is a loss (and lines 1d and 2c are zero or more), skip Parts II and III and go to line 15. Caution: If your filing status is married filing separately and you lived with your spouse at any time during the year, do not complete Part II or Part III. Instead, go to line 15. Part II 5 6 7 8 9 10 Note: Enter all numbers in Part II as positive amounts. See instructions for an example. Enter the smaller of the loss on line 1d or the loss on line 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Enter $150,000. If married filing separately, see instructions . . . . . . 6 Enter modified adjusted gross income, but not less than zero. See instructions 7 Note: If line 7 is greater than or equal to line 6, skip lines 8 and 9, enter -0- on line 10. Otherwise, go to line 8. Subtract line 7 from line 6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Multiply line 8 by 50% (0.50). Do not enter more than $25,000. If married filing separately, see instructions Enter the smaller of line 5 or line 9 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . If line 2c is a loss, go to Part III. Otherwise, go to line 15. Part III 11 12 13 14 5 9 10 Special Allowance for Commercial Revitalization Deductions From Rental Real Estate Activities Note: Enter all numbers in Part III as positive amounts. See the example for Part II in the instructions. 11 Enter $25,000 reduced by the amount, if any, on line 10. If married filing separately, see instructions . Enter the loss from line 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Reduce line 12 by the amount on line 10 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Enter the smallest of line 2c (treated as a positive amount), line 11, or line 13 . . . . . . . . 14 Part IV 15 16 Special Allowance for Rental Real Estate Activities With Active Participation Total Losses Allowed Add the income, if any, on lines 1a and 3a and enter the total . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Total losses allowed from all passive activities for 2019. Add lines 10, 14, and 15. See instructions to find out how to report the losses on your tax return . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . For Paperwork Reduction Act Notice, see instructions. Cat. No. 63704F 15 16 Form 8582 (2019) Page 2 Form 8582 (2019) Caution: The worksheets must be filed with your tax return. Keep a copy for your records. Worksheet 1—For Form 8582, Lines 1a, 1b, and 1c (see instructions) Prior years Current year Name of activity (a) Net income (line 1a) (b) Net loss (line 1b) Overall gain or loss (c) Unallowed loss (line 1c) (d) Gain (e) Loss Total. Enter on Form 8582, lines 1a, 1b, and 1c . . . . . . . . . . . ▶ Worksheet 2—For Form 8582, Lines 2a and 2b (see instructions) (a) Current year deductions (line 2a) Name of activity (b) Prior year unallowed deductions (line 2b) (c) Overall loss Total. Enter on Form 8582, lines 2a and 2b . . . . . . . . . . . . ▶ Worksheet 3—For Form 8582, Lines 3a, 3b, and 3c (see instructions) Prior years Current year Name of activity (a) Net income (line 3a) (b) Net loss (line 3b) Overall gain or loss (c) Unallowed loss (line 3c) (d) Gain (e) Loss Total. Enter on Form 8582, lines 3a, 3b, and 3c . . . . . . . . . . . ▶ Worksheet 4—Use This Worksheet if an A ...
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