Paper revision

Business Finance

Waldorf University

Question Description

revise what is advised and add Chapter 3! - THERE IS NOT MUCH WRITING, BUT MORE LIKE EDITING TO MEET THE REQUIREMENTS!


Kindly improve the literature review. A literature review should bring out the findings of previous studies in general. You can’t review literature about Qatar because this study has not been conducted.

Also, the literature review should be backed by a theoretical and conceptual framework. What theory is the literature review/research based on? The conceptual framework should be presented in the form of a diagram and a paragraph explaining the variables or components of the framework.

Kindly improve these chapters. The research should be purely general, applicable in other setting, only that it should reflect the findings in relation to Qatar.

Most of the information in chapter 2 can be used after data analysis because it shows what is happening in Qatar, which can be understood after data collection.

Thank You

You will have to re-work on literature review. I asked you to include a theoretical framework which you have not. Also, the conceptual framework you have provided does not fit the study. A conceptual framework should include variables of the study as stipulated in your objectives and linked to the outcome of the study (Infrastructural development. Also, when doing the literature review, don't focus on how the study was done but the findings of the study in line to the topic of your review. And I want you to remain focused on infrastructural development not tourism, unless it is associated with infrastructural development. Also, whatever is happening in Qatar should not be part of literature review. So conducted a literature review. And send me the two chapter once you are sure you have done the best because I wont request any further revisions. i have also included a sample theoretical framework. You have to identify a relevant theory in relation to your topic and link it with the study.

I want you to proceed with chapter 3 and the data collections once you have done all the revisions I requested. Than send me chapters 1-3 and data collections instrument

Chapter Three: Research Methodology

In this chapter, you will be expected to provide the following

  • The research Design
  • Sources of Data and Data collection method
  • Method of Data Analysis
  • The research Hypothesis
  • Research models that you employed to attain all the research Objectives
  • Ethical considerations
  • Research Limitations.


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The Significance of Mega Sporting Events on Infrastructural Development. A Case of the 2022 FIFA World Cup in Qatar. By NAME: 2020 1 Table of Contents 1. INTRODUCTION ...................................................................................................................... 3 1.1 The Background and Context of the Research ..................................................................... 3 1.2 Research Rationale................................................................................................................ 3 1.3 The Aim of The Research ..................................................................................................... 4 1.4 Research Objectives .............................................................................................................. 4 1.5 Research Questions ............................................................................................................... 5 1.6 Significance of the Research ................................................................................................. 5 2. LITERATURE REVIEW ........................................................................................................... 6 2.1 Overview ............................................................................................................................... 6 2.2 Development of Transport Systems ...................................................................................... 6 2.3 Modern Stadiums Developments .......................................................................................... 7 2.4 Economic Development ........................................................................................................ 7 2.6 Development of Accommodation Facilities ......................................................................... 8 2.7 Influence of Sports Development in Future .......................................................................... 9 2 1. INTRODUCTION 1.1 The Background and Context of the Research Many Mega sporting events concept is not a new event in the world of football. Irrespective of the gender, FIFA world cup tournaments are held every four years, featuring all qualified national soccer teams representing their countries. The Federation Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) World Cup competitions began in 1930 to respond to soccer prominence1. The FIFA World Cup history records that the tournaments alternated in two epicenters of football that is Latin America and Europe1. However, with the development of various countries' infrastructures concerning stadia and conferencing facilities, the World Cup hosting has diverged from the known soccer interest epicenters to other continents such as Africa's South Africa hosting in 2010. Various research relates to mega sporting events to infrastructural development. The mega sporting events have a significant role in transforming countries infrastructural development, since it plays a catalytic role to the policymakers, host community, and administrators2. The sporting world and economic transition has a strong bond relationship3. Upon winning the hosting rights of the world cup, the hosting country starts preparing the necessary resources for the hosting of the tournament. Further, the federation body awards the hosting country a certain amount to improve its infrastructure4. The relation presented by3 sees through various governments pump funds to infrastructural development in terms of the development of road networks and stadia development. Investors who are opportunity seekers will also move swiftly to build accommodation facilities since such events come with them tourism interest. On December 2, 2010, FIFA announced Qatar as the host to the 2022 world cup tournament. From then, the Qatar government, through close coordination with FIFA, has put up measures to get prepared for the world event. Therefore, this study seeks to analyze the significance of holding a mega sports event on infrastructure development. 1 Matheson, "Assessing the infrastructure impact of mega-events in emerging economies." Preuss, "A framework for identifying the legacies of a mega sport event." 643-664. 3 Giampiccoli and Nauright, "Problems and prospects for community-based tourism in the New South Africa: The 2010 FIFA World Cup and Beyond." 42-62 4 Ling, "Mega-events and infrastructure improvements: The Case of the Olympic Games in Beijing 2008." 2 3 1.2 Research Rationale Empirical researches by different scholars in the Mega sporting culture presents a positive relationship between mega sports event hosting and infrastructure development. Researchers reveal that the preparation of countries concerning hosting these mega sports events entails improving recreational facilities in regards to the activity being hosted5. Further,5 specify that not only do these events present a positive outlook on infrastructure; they also demonstrate a negative impact. The study seeks to understand the impact of 2022 world cup hosting is having on the economic development of Qatar. Qatar is facing a lot of challenges despite being awarded the hosting rights6. In terms of stadia improvement, Qatar needs to develop mechanisms to maintain the football arenas at a thermal comfort condition6. Since a study by7 reveals that the hosting of mega sports events come with it tourism resources that attracts large number of visitors who require infrastructural development like accommodation facilities, therefore, the study seeks to fill the research gap on the significance of hosting mega sport events on Qatar’s infrastructure development. 1.3 The Aim of The Research This research aims to evaluate the significance of the Mega sporting events infrastructure development on hosting the "Federation International Football Association (FIFA)" World Cup in Qatar in the year 2022. 1.4 Research Objectives The main objective of this research if identifying the significance of the Mega sporting events infrastructure development on hosting the "Federation International Football Association (FIFA)" World Cup in Qatar in the year 2022. Below are five objectives that will help in guiding to this research: • To find out the importance of hosting the "Federation International Football Association (FIFA)" World Cup on the development of transportation systems in Qatar. 5 Nji and Tichaawa, "Mega-event infrastructure development and sustainability contestations in the developing context: the 2010 FIFA World Cup in South Africa." 6 Sofotasiou et al, "Qatar 2022: Facing the FIFA World Cup climatic and legacy challenges." 1630 7 Henderson, "Hosting the 2022 FIFA World Cup: opportunities and challenges for Qatar." 281298. 4 • To find out the significance of hosting the "Federation International Football Association (FIFA)" World Cup on the development of stadiums in Qatar in the year 2022. • To determine the importance of hosting the "Federation International Football Association (FIFA)" World Cup on development accommodation facilities to be used by the tourist during the event in Qatar in the year 2022. • To evaluate how hosting the "Federation International Football Association (FIFA)" World Cup in Qatar will influence sports development in the future. • To determine the significance of hosting the "Federation International Football Association (FIFA)" World Cup on economic development in Qatar. 1.5 Research Questions Based on the objectives that will be directing on this research, the following are five questions of the research: • What is the importance of hosting the "Federation International Football Association (FIFA)" World Cup on the development of transportation systems in Qatar? • What is the significance of hosting the "Federation International Football Association (FIFA)" World Cup on the development of stadiums in Qatar in the year 2022? • What is the significance of hosting the "Federation International Football Association (FIFA)" World Cup on economic development in Qatar? • What is the importance of hosting the "Federation International Football Association (FIFA)" World Cup on development accommodation facilities to be used by the tourist during the event in Qatar in the year 2022? • How hosting the "Federation International Football Association (FIFA)" World Cup in Qatar will influence sports development in the future? 1.6 Significance of the Research This study will be significant to various stakeholders of the FIFA World Cup tournament. The study will be significant to Qatar, as the countries' government officials can use it to evaluate the infrastructure preparedness status concerning world cup hosting. Further, Qatar government will use the study to prepare well for the economic boom that Mega events bring to the host country. FIFA also can use the study to assess areas in which they can help through funding for the mega event to be successful. Different countries of mega-events hosting interest will use the study to evaluate areas they need to improve to be awarded the hosting rites, and also to understand 5 the impact of hosting such events in infrastructure development. Scholars and researchers will also use the study for future research referencing and basis of thesis and dissertations formulation. Qatar Football Association will also use the research to source for loophole they can amend before the dawning of world cup. 2. LITERATURE REVIEW 2.1 Overview Qatar will be the second Asian host of the "Federation International Football Association (FIFA)" World Cup. After the "Federation International Football Association (FIFA)" World Cup, the country will gain improvements in its infrastructure8. Just as other countries that have hosted the FIFA world cup before like Russia and Brazil, Qatar will have to improve its infrastructure due to creation of many short-term job opportunities, training, education as well as increasing the selfesteem to the people, increasing tourism, good transportation systems especially during the construction of stadiums that holds World cup. 2.2 Development of Transport Systems Qatar will benefit from a good transport network because of hosting the "Federation International Football Association (FIFA)" World Cup in the year 2022. Mega sporting events will have around thirty roads in Qatar constructed before the year 2022. It has planned projects for improving the roads in Qatar in order to ensure the connection between stadiums is efficient. Some of the project's transport systems that will carry out are improving the links of the roads, tunnels as well as the intersections9. This project will consume billions of dollars, money that "Federation International Football Association (FIFA)" World Cup has already set aside specifically for transport systems. The country will have around thirty-five road schemes, which consist of nine hundred kilometers of the mainline carriageway as well as around two hundred kilometers at grade and 8 Raed, Albaraa. Qatar 2022: Apply Successful Planning Management Systems in Qatar 2022 FIFA World Cup. BookBaby, 2014. 9 Ling, Chen. "Mega-events and infrastructure improvements: The Case of the Olympic Games in Beijing 2008." (2007). 6 many intersections. It is estimated that around nine hundred million dollars have been set aside for improving the transport network across Qatar. Most of the spectators 2022 "Federation International Football Association (FIFA)" World Cup will be using road transport as a way of traveling from one stadium to another, and therefore improving the transport system has been seen as a major concern of improvement in Qatar before the event. However, this will leave Qatar with a good transport system after the 2022 "Federation International Football Association (FIFA)" World Cup. Also, the government of Qatar will benefit in big part since money set for transport systems will be saved or used through other developments. 2.3 Modern Stadiums Developments Construction of modern stadiums seems to be the important aspect of hosting the 2022 "Federation International Football Association (FIFA)" World Cup in Qatar. Currently, there is an ongoing process of building new stadiums and renovation of stadiums in Qatar. Qatar will benefit from all these stadiums after hosting the World Cup, something that is going to improve its local football tournaments10. This event has created job opportunities for the many citizens of Qatar. Qatar is a developing country currently, and through the construction of stadiums, the development will have improved in a large sector. Since 2022 "Federation International Football Association (FIFA)" World Cup in Qatar will host thirty-two teams, the Mega sporting event has planned to construct around twelve new stadiums in Qatar11. Qatar will keep the record of being the first Asian country of hosting the "Federation International Football Association (FIFA)" World Cup. Therefore, the 2022 World Cup mega event in Qatar is extremely significant to Qatar, a country which has a good passion for football as well as a country that invests a lot in the game. After the World Cup, Qatar will become a more investing country in football due to the construction of new stadiums that will attract spectators. 2.4 Economic Development The government of Qatar has facilitated all the financial requirements of the world cup in 2022. The Mega sporting event committee has involved in the process and is also taking an interest 10 Matheson, Victor. "Assessing the infrastructure impact of mega-events in emerging economies." (2012). 11 Ling, Chen. "Mega-events and infrastructure improvements: The Case of the Olympic Games in Beijing 2008." (2007). 7 in the sustainability of economy and finance. With the 'Qatar national vision, 2030' implantation of the economic policies will be taken seriously by the country. Before the declaration of FIFA, Qatar had a GDP growth of around 55%, with an employment rate of 5%. The unemployment rate was seen to be decreased at a rate of 0.5%. Presently, the economic policy of Qatar is focusing on the domestic and foreign investments made for the up-gradation of the oil and gas sector12. On the other hand, the implications rising due to the financial crisis is valid is most of the Asian countries. The oil and gas reserves are not expected to run out in recent times. During the preparations of world cup 2022, the revenue earned from the oil sector is believed to support resource management. After the investments from foreign bodies during the world cup 2022, the economy of Qatar is predicted to rise from its present status. It will come up as a wider economy amidst the lands of the Middle East and North East. Economic development lies with the dimensions of human development, economic development, social development, and environmental development. Therefore, the economy of Qatar will develop after hosting the "Federation International Football Association (FIFA)" World Cup in the year 2022. 2.6 Development of Accommodation Facilities The research that we have done shows that it is estimated that around two hundred thousand people will attend the 2022 FIFA world cup event in Qatar. Qatar is expecting to have more foreigners who will come as spectators to support their teams. Following this, the Mega sporting event has encouraged the government of Qatar to ensure that they provide adequate accommodation facilities to all these people13. Construction of houses is an ongoing event in Qatar, which is built near the stadiums. Therefore, the 2022 FIFA world cup event will have developed its accommodation facilities, which will encourage and improve the tourism sector. 12 Henderson, Joan C. "Hosting the 2022 FIFA World Cup: opportunities and challenges for Qatar." Journal of Sport & Tourism 19, no. 3-4 (2014): 281-298. 13 ElGahani, Heba, and Raffaello Furlan. "Post-2022 FIFA World Cup in the State of Qatar: Urban regeneration strategies for Doha." Journal of Urban Regeneration & Renewal 11, no. 4 (2018): 355-370. 8 2.7 Influence of Sports Development in Future The 2022 FIFA world cup will a huge impact on the football of Qatar in the future. Qatar football association will be developed, and after the world cup, Qatar will be seen as a good place of sports hosting even more events in the future. Construction of new stadiums will contribute towards the investments made by the country, and the country will now be able to host more events in the future. Even though World Cup 2022 is considered to be a complex and difficult project to be dealt with by the country, it influences the development of the sport in the future 14. The Qatar Football Association was previously affected by some challenges, but after hosting the 2022 FIFA world cup, the association can be able to take some further steps due to the developments left by the event Hello Tutor, Kindly improve the literature review. A literature review should bring out the findings of previous studies in general. You can’t review literature about Qatar because this study has not been conducted. Also, the literature review should be backed by a theoretical and conceptual framework. What theory is the literature review/research based on? The conceptual framework should be presented in the form of a diagram and a paragraph explaining the variables or components of the framework. Kindly improve these chapters. The research should be purely general, applicable in other setting, only that it should reflect the findings in relation to Qatar. Most of the information in chapter 2 can be used after data analysis because it shows what is happening in Qatar, which can be understood after data collection. Thank You 14 Reiche, Danyel. "Investing in sporting success as a domestic and foreign policy tool: the case of Qatar." International journal of sport policy and politics 7, no. 4 (2015): 489-504. 9 Bibliography Brannagan, Paul Michael, and Joel Rookwood. "Sports mega-events, soft power, and soft disempowerment: international supporters’ perspectives on Qatar’s acquisition of the 2022 FIFA World Cup finals." International journal of sport policy and politics 8, no. 2 (2016): 173-188. ElGahani, Heba, and Raffaello Furlan. "Post-2022 FIFA World Cup in the State of Qatar: Urban regeneration strategies for Doha." Journal of Urban Regeneration & Renewal 11, no. 4 (2018): 355-370. Giampiccoli, Andrea, and John Nauright. "Problems and prospects for community-based tourism in the New South Africa: The 2010 FIFA World Cup and Beyond." African Historical Review 42, no. 1 (2010): 42-62. Henderson, Joan C. "Hosting the 2022 FIFA World Cup: opportunities and challenges for Qatar." Journal of Sport & Tourism 19, no. 3-4 (2014): 281-298. Ling, Chen. "Mega-events and infrastructure improvements: The Case of the Olympic Games in Beijing 2008." (2007). Matheson, Victor. "Assessing the infrastructure impact of mega-events in emerging economies." (2012). Preuss, Holger. "A framework for identifying the legacies of a mega sport event." Leisure studies 34, no. 6 (2015): 643-664. 10 Raed, Albaraa. Qatar 2022: Apply Successful Planning Management Systems in Qatar 2022 FIFA World Cup. BookBaby, 2014. Reiche, Danyel. "Investing in sporting success as a domestic and foreign policy tool: the case of Qatar." International journal of sport policy and politics 7, no. 4 (2015): 489-504. Sofotasiou, Polytimi, Benjamin Richard Hughes, and John Kaiser Calautit. "Qatar 2022: Facing the FIFA World Cup climatic and legacy challenges." Sustainable cities and society 14 (2015): 16-30. UOO. “Examples of Potential Risks to Subjects.” Examples of Potential Risks to Subjects, 2020. https://research.uoregon.edu/manage/research-integrity-compliance/human-subjectsresearch/examples-potential-risks-subjects. 11 Scientific Research Order Details. Hello Esteemed Researcher, I am ordering for a Scientifi ...
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