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Humanities

linguistics

Liberty University

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Written Test is attached bellow ; I need help as I get the reading of the chapter but not when its used in another way

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LING 301 WRITTEN TEST 2 1. Draw 2 tree diagrams representing the 2 meanings of the following sentence. The ugly journalist interviewed the handsome actor in a tuxedo. Meaning 1: Tree 1: Meaning 2: Tree 2: Page 1 of 5 LING 301 2. In the following passage, indicate in the blank following each underlined suffix whether it is inflectional (I) or derivational (D). In 2005, a linguist-anthropologist, Daniel Everett, published [ Piraha), a language spoken [ ] by a few hundred mostly [ ] a startling report on ] monolingual tribespeople in the rainforest of northwestern Brazil. Piraha), it was claimed [ complex syntactic structure in general, including [ ], lacks ] complement clauses, and coordination [ ] – unlike any other known language, it supposedly permits [ ] only short, simple sentences. (It is also said to lack color terms, numerals, and quantitydenoting expressions such as every and some.) Although the report has received quite widespread attention in the media, its accuracy [ within linguistics. A great deal of additional [ ] is being [ ] hotly debated ] research and scrutiny will be required before a consensus is reached on the status of this fascinating language. 3. Identify for each group of words the word formation process illustrated by the groups of word listed. Process Example: William Lynch  lynch information, commercial  infomercial automation  Name of process coinage automate acquired immunodeficiency syndrome  AIDS (the) comb > comb (your head) typographical error > typo they have finished > they’ve finished love, seat > loveseat go > went Page 2 of 5 LING 301 4. Draw tree diagrams for the following English sentences. Wallace wondered whether Gromit swallowed the goldfish. Gromit put the goldfish in the bowl on the mantel. 5. Draw tree structures for the following words. imperfection unfortunately Page 3 of 5 LING 301 6. Determine whether the following languages have an analytic (isolating), inflectional (fusional), agglutinating, or polysynthetic morphology. Language Japanese Statement Taro-ga Hanako-ni mainiti tegami-o Taro-Subj. Hanako-to everyday letter – Obj. ‘Taro writes a letter to Hanako every day.’ Morphology Samoan ua maalamalama au i le Pres. understand I Obj. the ‘I understand the lesson.’ kaku write mataaupu lesson Morphology Finnish tytto silitti girl-Subj.-Singular iron – Past – Singular ‘The girl ironed the shirts.’ paidat shirt-Obj.-Plural Morphology 7. Determine whether the bracketed parts in the following sentences are constituents. Be sure to justify your answer by applying a constituency test. a. Wallace charged [up the battery]. b. Wallace charged [up the street]. Page 4 of 5 LING 301 8. Examine the data from Turkish, and answer the questions that follow. a. What are the morphemes for: city hand bridge bell house voice bus from to on, in my your Plural marker b. What is the order of morphemes? Fill in the boxes with: Plural, Possessive, Postposition, Root c. What do the following mean in English? Word Meaning [elleriniz] d. How would you say ‘to the buses’ in Turkish? Page 5 of 5 ...
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