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WRITTEN TEST 2
1. Draw 2 tree diagrams representing the 2 meanings of the following sentence.
The ugly journalist interviewed the handsome actor in a tuxedo.
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2. In the following passage, indicate in the blank following each underlined suffix
whether it is inflectional (I) or derivational (D).
In 2005, a linguist-anthropologist, Daniel Everett, published [
Piraha), a language spoken [
] by a few hundred mostly [
] a startling report on
tribespeople in the rainforest of northwestern Brazil. Piraha), it was claimed [
complex syntactic structure in general, including [
] complement clauses, and
coordination [ ] – unlike any other known language, it supposedly permits [
short, simple sentences. (It is also said to lack color terms, numerals, and quantitydenoting expressions such as every and some.) Although the report has received quite
widespread attention in the media, its accuracy [
within linguistics. A great deal of additional [
] is being [
] hotly debated
] research and scrutiny will be
required before a consensus is reached on the status of this fascinating language.
Identify for each group of words the word formation process illustrated by the
groups of word listed.
Example: William Lynch lynch
information, commercial infomercial
Name of process
acquired immunodeficiency syndrome AIDS
(the) comb > comb (your head)
typographical error > typo
they have finished > they’ve finished
love, seat > loveseat
go > went
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4. Draw tree diagrams for the following English sentences.
Wallace wondered whether Gromit swallowed the goldfish.
Gromit put the goldfish in the bowl on the mantel.
5. Draw tree structures for the following words.
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6. Determine whether the following languages have an analytic (isolating), inflectional
(fusional), agglutinating, or polysynthetic morphology.
Taro-ga Hanako-ni mainiti
Taro-Subj. Hanako-to everyday letter – Obj.
‘Taro writes a letter to Hanako every day.’
maalamalama au i le
‘I understand the lesson.’
girl-Subj.-Singular iron – Past – Singular
‘The girl ironed the shirts.’
7. Determine whether the bracketed parts in the following sentences are constituents.
Be sure to justify your answer by applying a constituency test.
a. Wallace charged [up the battery].
b. Wallace charged [up the street].
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8. Examine the data from Turkish, and answer the questions that follow.
a. What are the morphemes for:
b. What is the order of morphemes?
Fill in the boxes with: Plural, Possessive, Postposition, Root
c. What do the following mean in English?
d. How would you say ‘to the buses’ in Turkish?
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