Accessing and managing security risks


Question Description

Subject: Criminal Law

APA 5 sources

Topic: Accessing and managing security risks 8 pages

Alternate Final Project: Case Study I. Alternate Project: Initial Note This case study is designed

for those who are unable to identify a suitable organization (as defined in the Final Project

description listed in the online classroom) within the geographic proximity of their current

residence or work and/or are unable to complete the site visits that normally occur during the

process for any security risk assessment.

Those authorized to complete this Alternate Final Project must employ their research skills

fervently to learn as much as possible about the site and the surrounding area. Interviews and

discussions with security executives about general security principles that might be applicable to

the site under review are encouraged.

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Alternate Final Project: Case Study I. Alternate Project: Initial Note This case study is designed for those who are unable to identify a suitable organization (as defined in the Final Project description listed in the online classroom) within the geographic proximity of their current residence or work and/or are unable to complete the site visits that normally occur during the process for any security risk assessment. Those authorized to complete this Alternate Final Project must employ their research skills fervently to learn as much as possible about the site and the surrounding area. Interviews and discussions with security executives about general security principles that might be applicable to the site under review are encouraged. Those completing this project are also reminded to fully utilize the risk management principles discussed in class along with the multitude reading resources. II. Risk Assessment/Security and Safety Plan Scenario: As a new aspiring professional with PLP Security Solutions, an upstart consulting firm specializing in conducting risk assessments and developing effective management strategies for mitigating threats and protecting assets from harm or loss, you have been assigned your first project after completing your initial company orientation and on-the-job-training. You are advised that PLP Security Solutions has contracted with the University of Maryland University College (UMUC) to conduct risk assessments of their multiple facilities and operations that include a security plan designed to effectively protect the institution’s assets, including any real or personal property, tangible or intangible. Your specific assignment is to complete a risk assessment and develop a security plan for the facility and operations at the UMUC Academic Center at Largo, 1616 McCormick Drive, Largo, Maryland, 20774. ( The initial briefing you receive about the site is that UMUC purchased the 236,000 square-foot building in 2008 and it is located in Prince George’s County, Maryland. The building has high visibility since it is situated near major thoroughfares, including the Capital Beltway, Interstate 495, and is close to the Largo Town Center Metro station. The building is located on a 20-acre site and houses classrooms, conference rooms, computer laboratories and servers, faculty and supporting staff offices, financial aid offices, a Veterans office, a physical fitness room and associated equipment, vending machines, study and lounge areas for students and staff, and maintenance offices and storage. The property includes ample parking for faculty, staff, students, and visitors. The property is large enough to accommodate the construction of another good-sized building. Those entering the property in their vehicles to work, attend class, or otherwise conduct business at the facility are not routinely subjected to any external security checks prior to entering the building. Although this is a good start, you know there is much more to know about the institution and its current security operation and how effective it has been in protecting UMUC assets. Thorough, independent research is the key component to the successful completion of this project. Students are encouraged to begin their research using the URL listed above for the UMUC Academic 1 Center at Largo. From that site, students can access UMUC Safety and Security Policies, UMUC Frequently Asked Security Questions, Emergency Preparedness, Police Coordination, Health and Safety, Crime and Personal Safety, and Response Emergency Assessment Crisis Team. The UMUC 2017 Annual Safety and Security Report should also be reviewed for relevant information. It can be found at There are various UMUC and other online resources students must employ to gather the information about the facility and its operation required to assess physical and cyber security risks. One such source is the Facility Executive Magazine: Creating Intelligent Buildings, located at Students should consider consulting with the UMUC Librarian for research assistance. III. Project Background and Requirements: According to the Department of Homeland Security, “risk management is the process for identifying, analyzing, and communicating risk and accepting, avoiding, transferring, or controlling it to an acceptable level considering associated costs and benefits of any actions taken” (DHS Risk Lexicon, September, 2010, p. 31). As result of your academic study at UMUC and your military and civilian work experiences, you know that enterprise risk assessment and management are key job responsibilities for security practitioners. More significantly, you recognize that assessing and managing risk are actually critical competencies required of a security practitioner, such as yourself, and proficiency in completing these tasks must be demonstrated consistently throughout one’s security career to be fully successful as a bona fide security professional (Enterprise Security Risks and Workforce Competencies: Findings from an Industry Roundtable on Security Talent, Summer 2013, p. 8). As a part of any risk management process, PLP Security Solutions requires you to employ your knowledge, skills, and abilities in applying the risk assessment and management principles and methodology outlined by ASIS International’s “General Security Risk Assessment Guideline,” which includes the following: identifying all the assets requiring protection at the site you have selected and “understanding” the organization you are evaluating; determining all the possible criminal and non-criminal risk events confronting the organization; establishing the probability and impact of loss risk events; identifying physical, procedural, and virtual security control options for mitigating risks; assessing the feasibility of implementing those security options; and conducting a cost-benefit analysis of the security options under consideration or specifically recommended. Within the context of protecting a client’s assets from harm or loss, PLP also expects you to address the following general topics in the Risk Assessment/Security and Safety Plan:        Cyber/communications security Workplace violence prevention and response, including active shooter threats Crisis (emergency) management and response (natural disasters, fire, terrorism, lone wolf attacks, etc.); business continuity planning Employee selection, screening, rescreening (insider threats) Physical plant intrusion (e.g., burglary) Property damage, interior and exterior (e.g., vandalism, theft, etc.) Personal security (e.g., assault, personal property loss/damage, robbery, etc.) 2       Information/records physical security Litigation for inadequate security, including negligent hiring/supervision/retention, and other legal issues unique to the site OSHA safety standards potentially applicable at the site and violations Training practices Unethical business practices Liaison activities with first responders, security professional organizations  Other security issues germane to the site. These topics were discussed throughout the course of study and include, in broad terms, the various risks to assets; security and safety control operating standards, guidelines, and procedures; and management and operational issues and challenges confronting security practitioners. You will incorporate into the Risk Assessment/Security and Safety Plan a succinct discussion for each of the topics as they relate to the organization and the site under review. PLP also expects that you include in the project “deliverable” (paper) specific recommendations for enhancing security and protecting the organization’s assets from harm or loss. As the consultant on site, you understand the client is entitled to the results of any and all analyses you complete, along with a description of any necessary actions the client should consider in view of your observations and findings. Since this is your first project with PLP, you are keenly aware of the significant opportunity you have for demonstrating your technical and analytic competence in assessing and managing risk and applying the associated core principles. Moreover, the project also serves to establish your literacy in other crucial areas of the security industry, including business and financial management, written and oral communication skills, anticipatory and strategic planning, decision-making, critical thinking, persuasive influencing, and maximizing others’ performance (Security Industry Survey of Risks and Professional Competencies, Fall 2013, p. 9). For you, the “bottom line” is to provide a credible, comprehensive product to the client and, at the same time, show the PLP Security Solutions corporate executives that your skills, abilities, and work ethic and product adds tremendous value to the PLP organization. IV. Risk Assessment/Security and Safety Planning Instrument: Instructions for Conducting Site Observations and Research Note: Typically, PLP consultants would be expected to complete site visits during the day and evening hours to gather the information required to complete this project. Because studentconsultants presented the supervisor-instructor bonafide challenges that prohibit them from making site visits, none are required in this Alternate Final Project. Since consultants cannot make personal, on-site observations at the facility, they must rely totally on their course classroom resources and the thoroughness and capacity of their library and online research to:    Understand the organization and its facility, operations, and possible assets Identify the various risk events possible and likely to occur at the site Assess the impact or harm (criticality) that can result from those risk events 3   Develop feasible risk mitigation options that potentially include physical, procedural, and logical security controls Assess cost/benefit of recommended security enhancements. PLP consultants are required to use the “Risk Assessment/Security and Safety Planning Instrument” as a template or guide when conducting independent research to record the following:     Research and observations in response to the survey questions and other information required to be collected Interviews and discussions with security or company executives about general security procedures and processes (that might be applicable to the UMUC site), only if arrangements can be made by the consultant Drafts of any necessary diagrams that will be finalized and included in the final project Completed research notes and accompanying draft references. Note: PLP consultants may be unable to collect all the information listed on the planning instrument for a number of reasons. This is particularly true when site visits cannot be made and/or interviews with security officials are not conducted. However, with thorough research, along with the review and application of the concepts, principles, and standards presented in all the online educational resources listed in the classroom, PLP consultants will be able to gather and record sufficient information to successfully complete this project. Consultants may disregard any reference in the planning instrument to onsite visit dates and site security representative names and contact numbers. Refer to the instructions for completing the “Risk Assessment/Security and Safety Planning Instrument” for additional information and guidance for this project. This document will be maintained as a “work paper” and submitted to the supervisor as described below. V. Writing Assignment Requirements: PLP consultants will write a Risk Assessment/Security and Safety Plan primarily based on their general and specific research conducted about the UMUC Academic Center at Largo. This includes interviews and discussions with security or other organization executives consultants might be able to obtain that focus on general and security procedures and processes. The paper will total between 1,700 (minimum) to 2,500 (maximum) words (about 7-10 pages, not including the title page, abstract, reference page, or attachments depicting photographs and diagrams). Consultants must select Microsoft Word’s Tools >Word Count to confirm conformity with word count requirements. Consultants are required to systematically apply the risk management principles and processes discussed throughout the course and as discussed above. Consultants will also ensure: 4     The Risk Assessment/Security and Safety Plan includes a strong introductory section at the beginning that thoroughly explains the purpose of the document and incorporates a brief summary of the facility under review (organization name, address, building description, business and/or purpose of building, hours/days of operation, etc.). Included in the introductory section should be a brief overview of security issues that will be addressed in the security plan. You should review the project description to complete this section. The loss prevention measures and security controls currently in place must be described based on your research. Include in a section of the paper a brief discussion of the risk management methodology used to rank order or quantify security risks to ascertain the most serious risks based on the probability of occurrence and impact (e.g. very likely to occur, extreme impact), requiring the organization’s urgent action and those less critical and/or less likely to occur that may be addressed later. Note: To enhance the presentation of the risk assessment findings, consultants will devise and present a criticality/probability matrix for all identified risks. The general topic areas previously described are discussed in the Risk Assessment/Security and Safety Plan as they relate to the organization and the site under review. Based on the results of the risk assessment, consultants will identify and detail security vulnerability areas in the paper and provide recommendations for security improvement by initiating and/or updating specific physical, procedural, and virtual controls, contingency procedures for emergencies or other non-criminal and criminal risk events, along with any policy revisions required to enhance the organization’s overall security apparatus. VI. Format and Related Requirements: Consultants will include a minimum of four (4) attachments of photographs or sketches capturing security concerns or general references in the Risk Assessment/Security and Safety Plan. Do not incorporate these attachments into the narrative of the paper. Locate them after the last page of the narrative, before REFERENCES, and be sure to number them so you can effectively refer to them in your narrative. When doing so, be sure to provide a cogent explanation of the attachments. Also be sure to provide citations for each of the photos and sketches. Note: Attachments and the descriptive information listed on them are not included in the project word count constraints. Other requirements include:     References must include at least three (3) external (not class instructional material) scholarly sources. Support the points made in the report. Refer to the following UMUC link for information about scholarly sources: . No directly quoted material may be used in this project paper. Resources should be summarized or paraphrased with appropriate in-text and Resource page citations. Paper must be a Word document, double-spaced, 12 pt. font, 1” margins. American Psychology Association (APA) in-text citations for all sources must be used. 5    Reference page titled References using APA format guidelines must be included (not included in word count). DON’T for get to follow APA format and place page numbers on the deliverable. A cover page for the assignment that includes name, course title and number, project title, and date of submission must be included (not included in word count). No other information or drawings or designs are permitted. VII. Submission Requirements: Consultants will submit the “Risk Assessment/Security and Safety Plan” with the listed attachments (Photos and/or Sketches). Additionally, as a separate document, consultants will submit the “Risk Assessment/Security and Safety Planning Instrument” (work product), complete with responses (which may be handwritten) to the questions and other information required. Both documents must be submitted separately to the Assignments Folder by the designated due date. VIII. Project Grading Rubric Review: Consultants are encouraged to closely review the grading rubric used to assess performance on the final project before planning, writing, and submitting the paper. The initial element of the rubric relates to the submission of the planning instrument and its degree and quality of responsiveness to the requirements. The rubric elements then evaluate the diligence demonstrated in conforming to the requirements for completing the introduction and stated purpose of the paper, the level of responsiveness in addressing the general topics listed in the project description, and the levels of conformity with grammar and format standards. Several rubric elements assess your ability in applying the various risk assessment and management core principles. Revised March 23, 2020 6 ...
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