philosophy questions


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1)Required Textbook: This is the primary textbook (and please be advised that students are required to secure and use it for the course) is

Patrick J. Hurley. (2015). A Concise Introduction to Logic (13h ed.). Stamford, CT: Cengage Learning. ISBN: 13:978-1-285-19654-1 or 10:1-285-19654-6. This book is and can be purchased from the BSU Bookstore @ (301) 860-4352

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2ND EXAMINATION (30%) SPRING 2020 (May 1, 2020) INSTRUCTIONS: Please access and take the time to complete this 2nd Exam. Upon completion, submit it via this designated space on Friday, May 1, 2020 @ 11:59 p.m. Name: _________________________________ 1) Chapter 3: Informal Fallacies A) Clearly Identify or Name the Specific Informal Fallacy or Fallacies Committed in any of the following 5 Argumentative Passages (5%): i) Mr. Lovejoy has argued in support of curriculum reform in higher education. But he should not be doing that; after all, he does not have a high school diploma and apparently does not know what he is talking about. “Know nothing” people like him should not be talking to this kind of audience! _______________________ ii) Whoever thrusts a knife into another person should be arrested and sent to jail. But surgeons do use knife to cut people up during surgery. Hence surgeons should be arrested and sent to jail for thrusting knives into people. _________________ iii) Since no one has ever been able to prove the existence of extrasensory perception. We must conclude that extrasensory perception is a myth. __________________ iv) I failed this 2nd Exam that I studied so hard to pass, because my teacher (who is an African) has grey hair and does not like me. ____________________________ v) Are you going to cheat again on this “easy” 2nd Exam, and why is it that you like to cheat during examinations? And how would you feel if every student in this class is cheating (which is being intellectually dishonest? __________________ B) Define these Logical Concepts as follows (5%): i) Argumentum ad Baculum: __________________________________________ ii) Argumentum ad Misericordiam: _____________________________________ iii) Argumentum ad Hominem: _________________________________________ iv) Ignoratio Elenchi: ________________________________________________ v) A Fallacy: ______________________________________________________ 2) Chapter 4: Categorical Propositions. For Each of these two Categorical Propositions, do the following (for 10% and each is 5%): a) Clearly Identify the Subject Term and Predicate Term b) Name the Letter or Proposition (whether A, E, I, O) c) State Quantity (Universal or Particular) and Quality (Affirmative or Negative) d) Determine if the Subject and Predicate Terms are Distributed or Undistributed A) All members of the American Medical Association (AMA) who in Bowie area are are remarkable and dedicated healthcare professionals holding advanced degrees from recognized academic institutions. i) Subject Term: ______________________________________________________ ii) Predicate Term: ____________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ iii) Letter or Proposition: _______ iv) Quantity: _______________________ Quality: ____________________ v) Distribution: __Subject Term_________ and ____Predicate Term_________ ( ) Yes or ( ) No ( ) Yes or ( ) No B) Some Bowie State University (BSU) students in this logic/philosophy class (Spring 2020) and who have studied so hard for this 2nd Exam are our future scholars and leaders destined for greatness. vi) Subject Term: ______________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ vii) Predicate Term: ____________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ viii) Letter or Proposition: _______ ix) Quantity: _______________________ Quality: __________________________ x) Distribution: __Subject Term_________ and ____Predicate Term____________ ( ) Yes or ( ) No ( ) Yes or ( ) No 3) Chapter 5-Categorical Syllogism (10%) (i) Clearly Identify the Syllogistic Rule(s) broken, and (ii) Name the Specific Formal Fallacy/Fallacies committed in these Passages: 2 a) AAI-2 : __________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ b) AOO-3: __________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ c) EIO-1: ___________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ d) AOI-2: ___________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ e) AEO-1: __________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ f) AAO-4: __________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ g) EOI-1: ___________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ h) AEI-2: ___________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ i) AAO-4: __________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ j) EEO-3: __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 4) OPTIONAL QUESTIONS FOR EXTRA-CREDITS (5%): a) There are two types of logical fallacies: formal (in deductive logic) and informal (our everyday logical mistakes or errors). ( ) True ( ) False 3 b) An argument is a group of statements or propositions and out of which are both the premiss(es) and conclusion. And an argument can be either a simple (with one conclusion) or complex (with many conclusions). ( ) True ( ) False c) Who is the current president of Bowie State University? ____________________ and when was BSU founded? _________________ d) What have you learned from this course, so far (2%)? _____________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ Good Luck, my Good Friend! 4 ...
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