Please list References and Citations Please


Psychopathology from a Clinical Perspective

Walden University

Question Description

Week 10:Conditions that May be a Focus of General Attention, Sleep-Wake Disorders, Other Mental Disorders


There is an expression among societies that change is a good thing. This phrase, however, is not universally embraced. For some, transitional phases or adjustments in life may be perceived as an unpleasant change into their way of life. Such individuals suffering with psychological distress from issues such as loss or posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) may experience difficulty in accepting life transitions or adjustments. With this difficulty, individuals may also perceive the transition or adjustment negatively; further affecting their lives and the lives of those around them.

This week, you analyze how PTSD and bereavement may influence life transitions and relationships. Additionally, you examine how PTSD and bereavement may affect client diagnosis.

Discussion 1: The Military and PTSD

Gunfire, improvised explosive devices (IED's), and casualties.

For many military men and women, the actions of war may not be left on the battlefield. Rather, many military men and women may find themselves addressing symptoms of trauma related to their military experience, otherwise known as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). As a result for many returning military, the transition into military duty or civilian life may be a complicated process. Additionally, this transition may also influence the significant relationships of military men and women.

For this Discussion, consider how the presentation of PTSD for active duty military might be complicated by military experience. Using the Learning Resources and current literature, consider how PTSD may also affect significant relationships (e.g., family, spouse, and/or significant others).

With these thoughts in mind:

Post by Day 3 an explanation of how the presentation of PTSD for active duty military might be complicated by military experience. Then describe how PTSD might influence a military client's transition into civilian life. Finally, explain how PTSD of military clients may affect their significant relationships.

Discussion 2: Bereavement and Client Diagnosis

Although grief may be painful, for many individuals, it is a temporary journey of sadness. Yet, for others, grief may be a painful, unending road into despair. With grief there is usually a period of bereavement, more commonly known as a mourning period or sadness experienced from death or separation. Bereavement may result in temporary psychological distress or despair, or it may manifest into severe and/or reoccurring psychological disorders, such as depression, posttraumatic stress disorder, and other anxiety disorders. Additionally, the effects of bereavement may complicate client diagnosis, especially for clients that you may already be treating for other disorders.

For this Discussion, review the week's Learning Resources and current literature to examine how unremitting effects of bereavement may complicate client diagnosis. Select an example from the current literature and Learning Resources where bereavement might present an issue for an existing client. Consider if a psychologist might have to change the original client diagnosis.

With these thoughts in mind:

Post by Day 4 a brief description the example you selected. Then explain how bereavement might complicate a client's diagnosis. Finally, post your position on whether a psychologist must change the client's diagnosis in the example you selected and explain why or why not.


  • American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing.
    • Conditions that May be a Focus of Clinical Attention
    • Sleep-Wake Disorders
    • Other Mental Disorders
  • Paris, J. (2015). The intelligent clinician’s guide to the DSM-5 (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
    • Chapter 15, Other Diagnostic Groupings
  • Fox, J., & Jones, K. (2013). DSM-5 and bereavement: The loss of normal grief? Journal of Counseling & Development, 91(1), 113–119. Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.
  • Larson, D. G., & Hoyt, W. T. (2007). What has become of grief counseling? An evaluation of the empirical foundations of the new pessimism. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 38(4), 347–355. Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.
  • Lorber, W., & Garcia, H. A. (2010). Not supposed to feel this: Traditional masculinity in psychotherapy with male veterans returning from Afghanistan and Iraq. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research & Practice, 47(3), 296–305. Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.
  • Sayer, N. A., Noorbaloochi, S., Frazier, P., Carlson, K., Gravely, A., & Murdoch, M. (2010). Reintegration problems and treatment interests among Iraq and Afghanistan combat veterans receiving VA medical care. Psychiatric Services, 61(6), 589–597. Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.
  • Zisook, S., Corruble, E., Duan, N., Iglewicz, A., Karam, E., Lanuoette, N., & ... Young, I. (2012). The bereavement exclusion and DSM-5. Depression & Anxiety (10914269), 29(5), 425-443. Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.

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