Arizona State University Pawn Shop Crime Analysis and Control Essay

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Arizona State University


my final essay project for administration of justice. Must be Apa format minimum 1500 words.

essay is on a illegal activities going on in a businesses , questions include who owns the problem? why has the owner allowed the problem to develop? what is the required to get the owner to undertake prevention.

must include 5 of my interactive activities.

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Explanation & Answer



Pawn Shop Crime, Analysis and Control
Justin Shamoun
Arizona State University
Coy Johnston
5th May 2020




High standards are more than a slogan or catch phrase since they represent the way we do business.
Maintaining high standards means conducting business ethically and legally. Adhering to these
standards helps the organization protect the reputation for excellence and integrity that has been
built by an organization. Theft crimes impose a substantial social cost to society. In 2018, the
United States experienced one theft every 40.5 seconds, with a total of 9.5 million crimes and an
estimated economic loss for the victims of $16 billion (FBI, 2019). 1 Personal items were stolen
in almost 85% of cases, strongly suggesting that burglars need a market in which to convert these
goods into cash (Walters et al., 2019). In particular, this raises the hypothesis that the local
availability of stolen goods markets may affect criminal behavior by reducing theft-related
transaction costs, or by increasing the expected benefits deriving from illegal activity (Sutton,
This paper analyzes how pawnshops in the United States are used to perpetuate and enhance
crimes. The jurisdiction under question will be the states in the United States of America. In the
paper, I seek to answer the question as to who owns the problem, an examination and report on
crime statistics and qualitative description of the problem, as well as the current legal framework
on the regulation of pawnshops, as well as offer recommendations on how to tackle crime that
arises and is perpetuated by the use of pawnshops.



Theft crimes impose a huge burden to society. Criminals often target items that should be later
converted in cash. This raises the hypothesis that the availability of market for stolen goods might
change criminals’ incentives by affecting the value of criminal opportunities. Economists have
investigated the determinants of crime, by making use of a cost-benefit analysis. However, while
extensive research has focused on incentives related to sanctions, deterrence and legal labor market
prospects, fewer perspectives have considered the sensitivity of crime to changes in the value of
criminal opportunities. The increasing number of pawnshops working in the shadow economy has
been an important problem in the US for several years, which is a great contributor to not only
theft, but also other unethical business behaviour in the area of business. In this paper, I will be
making several arguments, including crime analysis in the business of pawn shops, how
opportunity makes a thief, the perception of opportunity, and the concept of crime from beginning
to end will be brought out in the ensuing arguments.
Crime Mapping
The crime opportunity principle states that opportunities play a role in causing all crime, not just
common property crime, but also other forms of crime. Crime mapping has long been an integral
part of the process known today as crime analysis. Crime analysis is a system of law that involves
a systematic analysis for identifying and analyzing patterns and trends in crime and disorder.
Information on patterns can help law enforcement agencies deploy resources in a more effective
manner, and assist detectives in identifying and apprehending suspects. Crime analysis also plays
a role in devising solutions to crime problems, and formulating crime prevention strategies.
Quantitative social science data analysis methods are part of the crime analysis process, though
qualitative methods such as examining police report narratives also play a role.



Pawnshops serve the credit needs of low-income individuals and consequently locate in higher
crime communities. However, pawnshops are often suspected of being outlets for stolen property
and if so, they may stimulate criminal activity. Popular culture has long perceived the pawnshops
as an outlet for stolen goods. This conventional wisdom has persisted for centuries, and some
modern-day law enforcement officers share this perception. Even pawnbrokers readily admit that
their industry suffers from this negative association. Extensive anecdotal evidence supports the
conclusion that pawnshops deal in ill-gotten goods.
Who owns the problem?
Upon the crime analysis on pawnshops, the results show that pawnshops correlate strongly with
the seven types of Index I crimes, even when controls for income levels, labor market conditions,
and demographics are present. However, this correlation does not necessarily imply that
pawnshops cause crime. Because pawnshops serve the credit needs of persons with low income
and limited access to mainstream financial markets, pawnshops may choose to locate close to their
customers. Because low-income places and even states are also places with high crime rates, a
positive correlation between pawnshops and crime rates may result, even in the absence of a causal
relationship. In this scenario, pawnshops would correlate with, but would not necessarily
participate in, the trade of stolen goods. An alternative possibility is that pawnshops do engage in
such illicit trade and that by providing a ready market for stolen goods, pawnshops furnish an

Excellent! Definitely coming back for more study materials.