Columbia University ?Haikou SWOT Analysis

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Complete the SWOT analysis on the word file below, follow the example analysis on the pdf file,(page12-16)

Complete the SWOT analysis on the word file below, follow the example analysis on the pdf file,(page12-16)

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Tourism Plan for Haikou Worksheet 3 Grading F I V E -Y E A R S T R A T E G I C P L A N 2 0 1 6 TABLE OF CONTENTS Forward ....................................................................... 1 Strategic Plan Overview............................................... 2 1.0 Introduction .......................................................... 4 1.1 Relationship of the Strategic Plan to the State Planning Act ................................................ 5 1.2 Components of the Strategic Plan ......................... 6 2.0 Collective Ambition............................................... 6 3.0 Tourism in Hawai‘i: Situation Analysis.................... 8 3.1 Brand Management at Work............................... 10 3.2 HTA Annual Work Cycle...................................... 10 3.3 The Place-Host-Guest Framework....................... 11 3.4 Hawai‘i Tourism Situation Assessment................. 12 Strengths............................................................. 12 Weaknesses......................................................... 14 Opportunities...................................................... 15 Threats ................................................................ 16 3.5 Positioning Hawai‘i in the External Market .......... 19 4.0 Goals, Objectives, Strategies and Measures ........ 20 Goal 1: Improve the Integrity of the Destination................................................ 22 Goal 2: Ensure Stable Economic Benefits ............. 23 Goal 3: Elevate Hawai‘i’s Value Perception .......... 24 Goal 4: Strengthen the HTA’s Reputation ........... 25 4.1 Proposed 1-, 3-, and 5-Year Targets .................... 25 Acknowledgments ..................................................... 26 Glossary..................................................................... 28 On the cover: The night sky is very important to Native Hawaiians. Deep sea navigators plan voyages based on star patterns, farmers plant guided by moon phases, and the appearance of Makali‘i signifies the beginning of the Makahiki, the most important holiday of the year. FOREWORD The creation of a new strategic plan offers the opportunity to reflect on past accomplishments, weigh present realities, and plan for the possibilities of tomorrow. Such is the case with the Hawai‘i Tourism Authority (HTA) Five-Year Strategic Plan as we enter 2016 and contemplate the future direction of tourism in Hawai‘i. This strategic plan is created by and for the HTA. But no strategic plan should be accomplished in a vacuum, particularly a plan that affects the health of an entire industry and, in fact, an entire state. In that context, the HTA Strategic Plan exists for the people of Hawai‘i and requires a healthy working relationship and collaboration with a host of partners and stakeholders who are equally passionate about the future of tourism. The HTA reached out to many of these individuals and organizations during the preparation of the plan, knowing that with laulima— many hands working together—great things can be accomplished. A list of those who provided input is presented at the end of the plan. Hawai‘i Tourism Authority Five-Year Strategic Plan 2016 1 Strategic Direction The strategic plan presents goals and objectives to increase economic activity, sustain the positive net benefits of tourism, grow visitor spending, and be an effective organization. It establishes four goals that the HTA intends to accomplish by working and collaborating with partners and stakeholders. Those goals are presented here in summary. The detailed strategies related to each goal can be found in Section 4.0. Goal 1: Improve the Integrity of the Destination A successful tourism economy balances the needs of the community, visitors and the destination. The HTA must increase community support for tourism and be a better steward of the destination. STRATEGIC PLAN OVERVIEW Managing Continued Growth of Hawai‘i’s Visitor Industry Goal 2: Ensure Stable Economic Benefits To sustain consistent visitor arrivals and expenditures throughout the Hawaiian Islands, regardless of varying economic cycles or unforeseen events, the HTA must focus marketing on cultivating new arrivals and increasing visitor expenditures by attracting highspending visitors and creating spending opportunities. The Hawai‘i Tourism Authority was created by Act 156, SLH 1998 as the lead agency for Hawai‘i’s visitor industry. Since its inception, HTA has guided the visitor industry through good times and bad. Over the years the mission has remained the same—to strategically manage Hawai‘i tourism in a sustainable manner consistent with economic goals, cultural values, preservation of natural resources, community desires, and visitor industry needs. The purpose of the HTA Strategic Plan is to guide the organization in addressing issues and creating opportunities that will move Hawai‘i’s visitor industry forward. HTA’s kuleana is to create demand for Hawai‘i; deliver on the Hawai‘i brand promise and experience; and continue to respect the Native Hawaiian culture and mâlama Hawai‘i and its people. Measures of success are identified to track progress. The plan also presents a collective ambition, which consists of a strong set of principles and a vision as to how tourism should be cultivated. The seven principles include: a healthy economy, environmental sustainability, cultural authenticity, market knowledge, host and guest satisfaction, collaboration, and accountability. Goal 3: Elevate Hawai‘i’s Value Perception To remain competitive, Hawai‘i must differentiate itself by promoting authentic experiences unique to the Hawaiian Islands as justification of value for travel costs. The HTA must maintain and improve air access to the Hawaiian Islands, protect Hawai‘i’s brand, and meet traveler expectations for accommodations and infrastructure. Goal 4: Strengthen HTA’s Reputation To be an effective leader, the HTA must be a forwardthinking, knowledge-based organization that uses information and research to develop programs and policies. The HTA must continually improve its ability to lead the industry and ensure transparency and accountability for its marketing efforts. Hawai‘i Tourism Authority Five-Year Strategic Plan 2016 2 To strategically manage Hawai‘i tourism in a sustainable manner consistent with economic goals, cultural values, preservation of natural resources, community desires, and visitor industry needs. Tourism is the fabric that knits together jobs and income for residents, access to and from the rest of the world, and attributes of the islands that are prized by visitors and residents alike. 1.0 INTRODUCTION Formation of the Strategic Plan As Hawai‘i’s main economic driver, tourism is expected to provide economic benefits for Hawai‘i’s people into the foreseeable future. In 2014, the industry sustained 165,000 jobs and generated more than $14.7 billion in visitor spending and $1.6 billion in tax revenues. Tourism is the fabric that knits together jobs and income for residents, access to and from the rest of the world, and attributes of the islands—our culture, climate, natural resources, and worldwide reputation for hospitality and aloha—that are prized by visitors and residents alike. The legislative act that created the HTA also established the Tourism Special Fund. The fund— composed of a portion of the revenues from the transient accommodations tax (TAT) assessed on hotels, condominiums, timeshares, vacation rentals, and other visitor accommodations—was designated for use by the HTA to market, develop and support Hawai‘i’s economy. Currently, the HTA budget is determined by the legislature in accordance with HRS 237D-6.5. The HTA manages the Convention Center Enterprise Special Fund, which also is funded by a portion of TAT collections. HTA is charged by State law (HRS 201B-7(b) (1)) with “creating a vision and developing a longrange strategic plan for tourism in Hawai‘i.” Further, the HTA “shall be responsible for developing a tourism marketing plan. The plan shall be a single, comprehensive document that shall be updated every year…” (HRS201B-6(a)). Therefore, going forward the HTA will develop and maintain two major planning documents. The first of these, the Hawai‘i Tourism Authority Strategic Plan (HTASP), provides a vision and articulates strategic direction over a five-year period. The second is the HTA’s Brand Management Plan (HTABMP), a short-term “tactical plan” for implementation of the strategic plan on a year-to-year basis. This is the fourth HTA strategic plan since the agency was established in 1998. The previous plan, Hawai‘i Tourism Strategic Plan 2005-2015 (“TSP 2005-15”), adopted in 2004, was organized as a “State Plan” that assigned responsibilities for some strategic initiatives to other government agencies and private-sector organizations. In reality and from lessons learned in implementing TSP 2005-2015, the HTA does not have sufficient authority to enforce a “State Plan,” or to constantly monitor and oversee work done by other organizations. Therefore, this Strategic Plan is proposed as a dedicated “HTA” plan that recognizes the need to work with partners and stakeholders for successful implementation. The planning process began with a review of the previous plan’s various initiatives, issues, and goals, and incorporated into the new plan, those things that were judged to be the highest priority concerns from the earlier document. Industry, community, and government stakeholders helped to develop the plan from individual interviews (Spring and Summer 2013) and Strategic Planning Working Group discussions (Fall 2014). The Strategic Planning Working Group and HTA staff and Committee reviewed the goals, measures and strategies, and provided input to targets for years 1, 3, and 5. Independent consultants provided a review of published information about changing conditions in the local, national, and international tourism environment and a “state of the destination” assessment in 2013 (see Section 3.0). The HTASP included additional goals and strategies, and deemphasized some older ones. Final decisions about goals, objectives, strategies, and success measures were from the HTA staff and Board members. Additionally, the collective ambition statement was based on oral and written input from industry and community stakeholders, and was reviewed at the August 2013 Annual Tourism Conference. Hawai‘i Tourism Authority Five-Year Strategic Plan 2016 4 The purpose of the HTASP is to guide the organization in addressing issues and creating opportunities that will move Hawai‘i’s visitor industry forward. As stated, this is HTA’s strategic plan. It presents four goals that the HTA intends to accomplish by working and collaborating with partners and stakeholders. It is the kuleana of the HTA to drive demand to Hawai‘i; deliver on the Hawai‘i brand promise and experience; and continue to respect our Native Hawaiian culture and mâlama Hawai‘i and its people. 1.1 Relationship of the Strategic Plan to the State Planning Act The Hawai‘i State Planning Act (HRS §226) contains economic, social, and land use objectives and policies, including guidelines to promote the economic health and quality of the visitor industry (HRS §226-103). The §226 language relating to the “visitor industry” has been only lightly amended since 1978, testament to the enduring values of the Legislature regarding the economic importance of tourism and the need to ensure its development in a sensitive manner. At the same time, today’s visitor industry is mature with less rapid growth than in 1978. Other circumstances have changed as well, not the least of which is the creation of the HTA. Every State agency, not the HTA alone, is assumed responsible for carrying out the policies in the State Planning Act. As such, the State Planning Act is assumed to play the role of a “State Plan” and the HTA understands and accepts its responsibility to assure that its plans comply with this Act through the implementation of its Strategic Plan. In this context, the HTA Strategic Plan presents goals and objectives, strategic directives, and measurement criteria to guide decisions on allocating HTA resources and efforts. The Strategic Plan is a long-range strategic plan for tourism in Hawai‘i as required by HRS §201B-7(b)(1) with four over-arching goals. It contains objectives with strategies and shortand long-term timeframes that will be reviewed and, if necessary, revised annually by the Board of Directors. The Brand Management Plan, therefore, using the Strategic Plan as its foundation, contains “statewide Hawai‘i brand management efforts and programs” and direction for promotional and marketing programs. In addition, performance goals, targets and key performance indicators will be developed in conjunction with the annual budget. Each year, the HTA must account for its activities via its Annual Report to the Legislature. The report covers HTA expenditures and programs for the calendar year, including evaluation of the success measures for both the HTA Strategic Plan and Brand Management Plan. Figure 1 illustrates the alignment of State Planning Act to the HTA plans and reports. State Planning Act Provisions for Visitor Industry (HRS §226-8) HTA Tourism Strategic Plan (Timeline of 5+ years, broad visions and measures of outcomes) Brand Management (“Marketing”) Plan (“Comprehensive” document updated annually, with additional measures of effectiveness focused on effectiveness in carrying out activities) Annual Reports to Governor/Legislature (Includes measures for both Strategic Plan and Marketing Plan, as well as expenditures and evaluations of programs funded) Figure 1: HTA Plans and Reports Hawai‘i Tourism Authority Five-Year Strategic Plan 2016 5 1.2 Components of the Strategic Plan 2.0 COLLECTIVE AMBITION The first section, Section 2.0, is the collective ambition. It articulates a vision and principles for tourism in Hawai‘i. Instead of a simple vision of future tourism, which could be interpreted in many ways, the HTA specifies what behaviors are expected from all stakeholders. A common goal is established to ensure that Hawai‘i’s visitor industry remains successful and viable into the future. Developed with input from the industry, community, government and staff, we hope it will inspire Hawai‘i’s tourism stakeholders to work together around a common set of principles to move Hawai‘i’s visitor industry forward and ensure its long-term sustainability, which in turn will benefit the community at-large. The next section, Section 3.0, describes how tourism works in Hawai‘i today. A situation analysis examines a variety of factors including Hawai‘i’s attributes, competition, economy, environment, infrastructure, and community. This is not intended to be a comprehensive assessment of all issues, as was done in the 2005-15 TSP. Instead it focuses mostly on emerging trends and issues highlighted in the 2013 planning process for the TSP Update. Following the situation analysis is the core of the Strategic Plan, organized by goals, objectives, strategic directions, and measures. As mentioned, there are four overarching goals. Each goal has objectives to which strategies and timeframes are identified. Measures of success ensure that progress will be tracked and outcomes realized. The collective ambition, developed with input from the industry, community, government, and staff is HTA’s vision as to how tourism should be cultivated based on principles, goals and responsibilities Hawai‘i’s visitor industry is unique in that it touches the lives of so many of our residents. The aloha of Hawai‘i’s people, a rich natural environment, and cultural diversity set Hawai‘i apart from most other destinations. Hawai‘i’s visitor industry is also composed of a diverse range of businesses. Hotels, airlines, retail stores, restaurants, and more function independently but are collectively an integral part of one of the state’s largest industries. Tourism not only helps to maintain Hawai‘i’s economic viability but also funds programs that sustain the natural environment and infrastructure, and also creates opportunities for residents to access world-class events and amenities and to enjoy vibrant lifestyles. The HTA, together with government officials, industry stakeholders, and community partners share the common goal to ensure that Hawai‘i’s visitor industry remains successful and viable well into the future. The decisions that are made today will help to shape the future of Hawai‘i’s tourism economy and communities. The HTA therefore declares to support these guiding principles and the intent to work together so outlined in Figure 2 on the next page. Hawai‘i Tourism Authority Five-Year Strategic Plan 2016 6 HTA’s Collective Ambition PRINCIPLE GOALS RESPONSIBILITIES 1. Healthy Economy Grow the Hawai‘i visitor industry’s contributions to the state’s economy; maintain and enhance job opportunities; and increase benefits for local communities. Nurture career development and entrepreneurial opportunities to ensure that all industries benefit from the success of the visitor industry and demonstrate the economic significance of the tourism industry. 2. Environmental Sustainability Protect Hawai‘i’s natural environment and preserve it for future generations. Practice and promote destination stewardship by reducing waste and environmental impact, increasing energy efficiency and educating visitors on mālama ‘āina (caring for the land). 3. Cultural Authenticity Integrate authentic cultural practices into the visitor industry to perpetuate Hawai‘i’s unique cultural heritage. Foster practices that perpetuate Hawai‘i’s diverse cultures, with emphasis on the Native Hawaiian culture, by involving cultural practitioners in tourism development and expanding opportunities for interaction and cultural exchange between residents and visitors. 4. Market Knowledge Proactively manage resources and data to address and adapt to changing market trends and cycles. Assess market trends and economic cycles to identify and pursue strategic potential markets and encourage diversification of Hawai‘i’s tourism products and visitor segments to ensure economic stability and success. 5. Host & Guest Satisfaction Maintain high levels of support and satisfaction among visitors and residents in order to strengthen “The Hawaiian Islands” brand as a unique, world-class destination. Engage with the community, industry and visitors to understand and identify balanced solutions that will serve the needs and interests of residents, visitors and Hawai‘i’s tourism economy. 6. Collaboration Cultivate respectful and responsive relationships between communities, governments and Hawai‘i’s visitor industry. Develop and maintain relationships between the visitor industry, government, community and other industries and stakeholders to identify needs and determine mutual solutions that affect tourism industry planning and policies. 7. Accountability Develop and implement a comprehensive evaluation system that measures specific results, determines impact, and requires remedial actions that will ensure the success of Hawai‘i’s tourism economy, environmental and cultural sustainability, and resident-visitor balance. Be accountable to follow a comprehensive evaluation system and provide strategic analysis and guidance that takes into consideration multiple factors that affect visitor industry success. Figure 2: Collective Ambition projected growth is from emerging markets in Asia and the Pacific. This strong growth is driving tourism product development in a variety of destinations that are (or are potentially) competitors to Hawai‘i. 3.0 TOURISM IN HAWAI‘I: SITUATION ANALYSIS As a mature visitor destination, Hawai‘i has experienced its fair share of tourism highs and lows. Since statehood in 1959, the visitor industry has grown to be Hawai‘i’s economic mainstay. While the State encourages other industries in an effort to diversify the economy, tourism continues to be an integral part of Hawai‘i’s community and influences its residents, place, and culture. The visitor industry is cyclical and tourism in Hawai‘i is again at a critical stage of its life cycle. The global environment has changed since the plan was last written in 2005. The following review of tourism in Hawai‘i was prepared with the assistance of HTA’s consultant, John Knox & Associates. Core-market repeat visitors and desire for additional experiences: Roughly two-thirds of visitors from Hawai‘i’s core markets (U.S. and Japan) are repeat visitors. While these markets are rapidly aging on average, visitors are still spry and healthy enough to seek out new experiences. There is a clear need to ensure revitalization of the product and identify more things to see and do. Acceleration of technology: T  ravel consumers are now adept and active participants in the sales and distribution systems, leading to shorter booking windows and enabling post-arrival visitors to obtain information on a real-time basis. Suppliers are also able to better market and/or develop travel products for specific market segments and have enabled greater inventory revenue yield and utilization control. Changing nature of leisure demand: Rising incomes, more affordable and efficient air transportation, reduction in travel barriers, urbanization, and the globalization of travel industry sales, distribution, and supply systems have contributed to a sharp rise in leisure travel. As a result, travel markets are becoming more complex and less homogenous than in the past. Developments in air transportation: Deployment of new, long range, fuel-efficient aircraft—such as the Airbus 380 and Boeing B787 “Dreamliner”—will open up new long-haul markets for Hawai‘i and, simultaneously, introduce new destinations that are competitive to Hawai‘i. Most of these aircraft will be delivered to foreign carriers, making their countries more critical marketing targets for Hawai‘i and its Explosive increase in global travel: T  he United Nations World Tourism Organization forecasts an average 3.3 percent annual growth for international tourism through 2030. A substantial portion of the 1.8 bn International Tourist Arrivals received (billion) 1.8 Africa Middle East 1.6 Americas 1.4 bn 1.4 Asia and the Pacific 1.2 1.0 .94 bn .8 Europe .6 ACTUAL .4 FORECASTS .2 Source: UNWTO Tourism Highlights of 2012 0 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 Figure 3: Global Tourism Forecast Hawai‘i Tourism Authority Five-Year Strategic Plan 2016 8 2020 2030 a strong preference for economic diversification. And in recent years, a majority has agreed that their islands are “run for tourists at the expense of local people.” Surveys suggest that residents believe that the most important effects of tourism have to do with economic benefits and the provision of amenities (e.g., shopping centers and restaurants). Most residents are satisfied with the industry’s performance in those areas. Only slightly less important to residents are environmental and cultural factors, and there is less satisfaction with the industry in those areas. Most residents do not strongly agree that tourism is “consistent with community values,” a finding that bears further research. competitors. These carriers are more likely to shift capacity to other destinations on the basis of shortterm gains, unless Hawai‘i establishes a lasting track record of appealing to their customers. Decline of cruise travel: A  t the time of the last TSP, cruise travel was a high-growth activity, leading to many questions about the Islands’ harbor infrastructure. The Great Recession sharply reduced the number of vessels home-ported in or visiting Hawai‘i. If the industry recovers, dormant infrastructure and logistical issues will be revived. Lodging inventory and mix: There has been significant redevelopment in Waikīkī since the last TSP but there is still a great deal of aging inventory there as well as on the Neighbor Islands. The early 21st century has seen changes in the mix of Hawai‘i’s accommodations through conversion of many traditional hotel or condo-hotels to timeshare and resort residential use, and through reduction in room count due to reconfiguration of inventory into larger units. There has also been growth in vacation rentals and bed-and-breakfasts, causing friction in some affected residential areas, as well as the growth of websites like and Government relations: Many stakeholders interviewed during the preparation of this plan focused on relations between the HTA and other agencies. There is a feeling the agency has greatly improved in its key informal communications and is doing a good job in advocating for the industry. However, there is also some concern that more formal connections—such as directors of other State agencies holding ex-officio seats on the HTA Board—have been eliminated, and that additional technical planning capacity would be helpful. The HTA’s mission and role as a government agency is not always clear to industry or community stakeholders. The term “Authority” in the Hawai‘i Tourism Authority’s name may lead to expectations that it has powers—particularly in regard to planning or regulation—that it does not in fact possess. Many interviewees stressed the importance of constant communication with elected government officials. Growing trend for visitors to explore or stay outside designated resorts: Partly because of the large number of repeat visitors, and because so many of them are much more likely now to be independent travelers using technology to plan their own activities, more visitors are driving rental cars, exploring “secret” cultural or scenic spots revealed by guidebooks, or staying at vacation rentals in residential areas. This has profound implications—both positive and negative—for relations between residents and the industry. Some communities (e.g., Kailua on O‘ahu or Hanalei on Kaua‘i) have enjoyed significant economic growth for local businesses but at the cost of increased traffic, recreational-area conflicts, and disputes over the legality and growth of vacation rentals and bed-and-breakfast operations. Economic volatility and change: T  ourism is the dominant sector of Hawai‘i’s economy and the visitor industry led Hawai‘i’s recovery from the Great Recession. However, all markets tended to decline at the start of that global event, raising questions of whether a “recession-proof” portfolio of markets is possible. Further, other economic sectors have grown more rapidly than tourism over the past few decades, diversifying the economy but also reducing the industry’s political profile. Growing resident ambivalence toward tourism: Various DBEDT and HTA survey questions over the years show residents consistently believe tourism, on balance, brings more benefits than problems. However, only a minority of residents now believe that tourism brings them or their families’ direct benefits. There is typically opposition to growth and Hawai‘i Tourism Authority Five-Year Strategic Plan 2016 9 3.1 Brand Management at Work Brand management is one of the HTA’s key strategic roles. Specifically, it involves the promotion of the Hawaiian Islands through our support of programs and events that deliver on the brand promise. The HTA coordinates with its global marketing team, visitor industry partners, travel trade and community stakeholders to ensure that marketing and communications tactics are in line with Hawai‘i’s unique and distinctive products, including natural resources, Hawaiian culture and multi-cultures. The HTA contracts with eight marketing organizations beginning in 2016 to promote Hawai‘i in each major market area (MMA), geographic regions of the world that have roughly similar travel characteristics. With direct HTA oversight, the marketing team is responsible for developing strategic marketing plans and cooperative programs for their respective areas. In addition, the HTA creates, manages and supports the development of unique tourism experiences such as community and cultural festivals, sporting events, natural resources and community programs. The HTA also directly affects the visitor experience through its support of career development and visitor assistance initiatives, and integrating the community and residents’ considerations and respect for the Hawaiian host culture. HTA GLOBAL PARTNERS Marketing Team/Visitor Industry Airlines/Travel Trade/Community PROMOTE HAWAI‘I’S BRAND EXPERIENCE MARKETING ELEMENTS EXPERIENCE ELEMENTS • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Leisure Business Website/Online Brand Development Safety/Security Communications/ Outreach • Research Hawaiian Culture Signature Events Product Development Natural Resources Safety/Security Career Development Greetings Quality Assurance Figure 4: Brand Management at Work Research Evaluation #2 3.2 HTA Annual Work Cycle HTA Strategic Plan The HTA has an evolving work cycle (Figure 5) that begins with the gathering of research and market intelligence. This information helps formulate the direction of the HTA within each of the major market areas while balancing the need to optimize the industry’s contributions to Hawai‘i’s communities. Targets Results • Research. Research provides a foundation for the HTA to formulate its plans for sustainability of Hawai‘i’s tourism industry. The HTA utilizes market intelligence and historical and current visitor data that take into account changes in seasonal trends, demographics and economic conditions. Brand Management Plan/Budget Adjustments Evaluation #1 Execution Figure 5: HTA Work Cycle Hawai‘i Tourism Authority Five-Year Strategic Plan 2016 10 • HTA Strategic Plan. The HTA Strategic Plan serves as the road map to address short- and long-term goals to achieve Measures of Success based on research data, market intelligence, input from stakeholder meetings, and collaboration with industry associations. Targets have been established as a means to measure the success of attaining HTASP goals. 3.3 The Place-Host-Guest Framework Tourism planning today typically considers the three elements of “Place” (the overall destination, as valued by residents and visitors alike), “Host” (the visitor industry and workforce), and “Guest” (the customers). The HTA sits in the middle of these, and so the following analysis of Hawai‘i’s tourism trends and issues looks at relationships with all of these as well. • Brand Management Plan. The Brand Management Plan is the HTA annual action plan and details initiatives and programs to achieve KPIs. The budget is formulated in conjunction with the Brand Management Plan. • Execution. The HTA’s global marketing team develops their annual brand management plans for incorporation into the HTA Brand Management Plan, based on HTA directives for the MMA and their respective market’s current trends and conditions. PLACE (Hawai‘i) Key HTA Interests: Quality of Core Assets Community Support “Maintaining Brand” • Evaluation #1. To optimize performance outcomes in the spring, the HTA reassesses its KPIs by monitoring research data, drawing from market intelligence, and reviewing its global marketing contractor initiatives during the Spring Marketing Update. HOST (Industry Characteristics) Key HTA Interests: Access (Supply) Lodging (Demand) “Brand Management” • Adjustments. The first evaluation provides an opportunity for the HTA and its marketing contractors to regroup and review current market trends and economic conditions and make necessary adjustments to its marketing plans in order to obtain its objectives. HTA GUEST (Market Characteristics) Key HTA Interests: Visitor Satisfaction Products, Events “Brand Experience” Figure 6: Place-Host-Guest Diagram • Results. During the third quarter the HTA continues to monitor year-to-date results, analyze economic conditions and trends, and compare them against KPIs in order to plan for the next year. • Evaluation #2. Towards the end of the year, the HTA will evaluate the effectiveness of its initiatives and weigh market research and intelligence to consider which initiatives to refine, retool, and implement in the following year. Hawai‘i Tourism Authority Five-Year Strategic Plan 2016 11 Aloha Spirit and Hawaiian culture: The friendliness of Hawai‘i residents is storied. As discussed later, attitudes toward the visitor industry can be mixed, but attitudes toward visitors themselves have remained deeply positive. Hawai‘i has a heritage of hospitality, as reflected in the Native Hawaiian concept of ho‘okipa (to properly host visitors, whether invited or unexpected, hospitality of complete giving, unselfishly extending to others the best that we have to give), which has been a centerpiece of some workforce training programs. Native Hawaiian culture is at the heart of the Islands’ uniqueness. There has been a renaissance of the Hawaiian language, and Native Hawaiian cultural practitioners are increasingly visible in hotels. Native Hawaiian cultural events such as the Merrie Monarch Festival draw residents and visitors alike. 3.4 Hawai‘i Tourism Situation Assessment Each of the following sections note key developments since the last TSP was prepared; examines recent changes in (1) the Hawai‘i visitor industry and (2) the larger “destination” (all of Hawai‘i, not just resort areas); and then looks at strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats (“SWOT analysis”). At the end of the SWOT, conclusions will be drawn about appropriate positioning of Hawai‘i in the competitive market and then in relation to the community and stakeholders. STRENGTHS The destination’s key strengths identified in the 2005-15 Tourism Strategic Plan remain a foundation for competitive positioning going forward: • Brand awareness • Climate • Culture and history • Destination allure and appeal • High visitor satisfaction • Natural resources • People and Aloha Spirit • Quality and variety of accommodations • Safe but exotic • Variety of activities and attractions History, culture, and heritage: ‘Iolani Palace, the only royal palace in the United States, is one of many Hawaiian heritage sites, some administered as National Parks or National Historic Sites. Worldclass museums contain both the political and natural history of the Pacific, as well as modern art. The Islands boast enticing ethnic neighborhoods and experiences (Chinatown, plantation sites, and ethnic festivals). World War II sites and attractions range from the start of the conflict (Pearl Harbor) to its conclusion (the USS Missouri, where the surrender of Japan was signed). When it comes to “unique selling propositions,” Hawai‘i possesses demonstrable (and believable) unique attributes, including: Authentic experiences: The Islands offer numerous local festivals, events, crafts, and activities—from traditional parades on Kamehameha Day to newer community-based initiatives supported by the HTA’s County Product Enrichment Program. Hawaiian music is a unique musical genre popularized across Hawai‘i and Japan by performers such as Don Ho, Israel “Iz” Kamakawiwo‘ole, and Jake Shimabukuro. Diners can enjoy a variety of cuisines, including a range of ethnic foods and unique Hawai‘i Regional Cuisine. Variety: Hawai‘i offers six islands to explore, from urbanized O‘ahu to deeply rural Moloka‘i, from cozy Lāna‘i to the Hawai‘i Island, with Maui and Kaua‘i in between. There is a great mix of accommodation types, at various price points—full-service hotels, condominiums, timeshare, bed-and-breakfasts, small inns, etc. Activities are available for a wide range of interests (culture seekers, cuisine, golfers, romance seekers, adventure seekers, nature enthusiasts, etc.) Hawai‘i Tourism Authority Five-Year Strategic Plan 2016 12 Lifestyle, quality of life: These are hard to measure objectively, but Honolulu emerged as the top American city (and 28th in the world), in a 2012 “Quality of Living Survey.” In addition, the GallupHealthways Well-Being Index consistently ranks Hawai‘i residents as the overall “happiest and healthiest in the nation.” Remaining life expectancy for seniors 65+ is highest in the nation, according to the U.S. government. Safety: Hawai‘i’s violent crime rate is quite low compared to the national average; disasters such as hurricanes and tsunamis have been infrequent; there are no deadly predators on the land; and there is a sense of political stability and racial amity. However, no place is without hazards, and the Visitor Assistance Program is dedicated to helping visitors who have been victimized by crime or accidents. Scenic/natural resources: Hawai‘i’s visual beauty is a big reason why many visitors pay premium prices to travel here and why many residents make economic sacrifices to live here. The Environmental Protection Agency rates the current overall condition of Hawai‘i coastal waters as “good,” the highest rating possible. Hawai‘i’s ocean quality is an important factor in the health of the visitor industry given the importance of marine recreation. Marine and coastal recreation sports are likely to continue to gain popularity in the next five years, as new technology (e.g. waterpropelled jetpacks) emerges. The HTA recognizes the importance of these assets through creation of a standing Natural Resources Advisory Group. Access to and from the outside world: Hawai‘i is the world’s most remote sizeable landmass, about 2,400 miles from California and 3,850 miles from Japan. Due largely to the success of tourism, Honolulu International Airport was the 28th-busiest airport in the country in 2014, with some 280,700 aircraft operations (source: Airports Council International). Kaua‘i, Maui, Lāna‘i, Moloka‘i, and Hawai‘i Island also have numerous air connections to the rest of the state, and some have direct flights to the U.S. Mainland and Canada (prior to 2010 Hawai‘i Island also had direct flights from Japan). These various unique attributes can make the entrenched position of Hawai‘i as a “sun, sand, surf” destination more appealing by adding dimensions to the brand’s position. If Hawai‘i competes only on a single dimension (or a limited number of dimensions), it risks operating at a competitive disadvantage relative to lower-cost destinations. Unique Native Hawaiian culture, multi-cultural milieu: Hawai‘i’s “rainbow” of ethnic and racial diversity is unique in the nation. It is the top-ranked state for proportion of population composed of “minorities.” The indigenous Native Hawaiian culture is particularly distinctive. A challenge to sustaining this core asset is lack of agreement on how to measure cultural strength and vibrancy. Hawai‘i Tourism Authority Five-Year Strategic Plan 2016 13 Declining real average daily visitor expenditures: Since the late 1980s, inflation-adjusted (“real”) average daily spending has trended downward—not steadily, but in a see-saw fashion in which increases such as those seen in the last few years still do not attain previous real levels. If this trend is not reversed, over the years more visitors will be required simply to maintain current total levels of economic contribution to Hawai‘i. WEAKNESSES Value for the money: The HTA Marketing Effectiveness Study (MES) shows that Hawai‘i scores well among the traveling public in core markets for attributes long associated with Hawai‘i: safety, relaxation, cleanliness, etc. However, some key attributes scored relatively lower, especially “value for the money,” which scored significantly lower. Since Hawai‘i cannot effectively compete solely on price because of distance and high land, labor and other costs, improvements in value perception can only be achieved by delivering a superior visitor experience and/or amenities to justify its higher overall costs. Workforce international experience: While emerging international markets present a potential opportunity for Hawai‘i (see below), the workforce has limited experience with the languages and cultural expectations of growing numbers of visitors from places such as China and Korea. There are significant challenges not only for accommodations, but also tour guides, restaurant wait-help, etc. Geographical isolation and travel costs: Hawai‘i is the most remote significant landmass in the world. That means significant travel costs—in both time and money—for the visitor and for carriers. The Islands and their travel suppliers are thus highly vulnerable to changes in fuel prices. Other workforce challenges: HTA resident surveys indicate many residents question the quality of visitor industry jobs in regard to pay or advancement opportunities, and there are some indications tourism wage levels have not kept pace with increases in Hawai‘i’s cost of living. There has also been a longterm decline in direct and indirect visitor-related employment, despite some healthy increases in the past several years. More anecdotally, interviewees for this Plan worried about aging and potential retirement in some sectors (especially housekeeping) and a perceived lack of training in customer service and cultural values among younger workers. Workforce education and training requires collaboration among various public agencies along with facilitation of employee training and access to career paths. Training programs on Neighbor Islands tend to be weaker, as fewer agency resources are available there. Single functioning international airport: Neighbor Islands are handicapped when international visitors must fly first and only to the Honolulu International Airport, then take another plane to other islands. Ironically, inter-island airfares have risen as more domestic passengers now fly straight to the Neighbor Islands and thus reduce demand for inter-island flights. On Hawai‘i Island, Japan Airlines stopped flying to the Kona International Airport, endangering its “international” status. Maui, the state’s 2nd leading visitor destination, has yet to achieve international status. Limited supply of visitor units: Especially on O‘ahu at peak seasons, traditional hotel and condominium hotel (“condo-hotel”) occupancy is reaching capacity. This is due in part to the previously mentioned redevelopments that have resulted in net redirection of units to residential, resort-residential, or timeshare uses. First-time visitors seeking such traditional lodging units dominate emerging international markets, and the scarcity of these units has sometimes resulted in foreign carriers reducing airlift to Hawai‘i. Economic pressures on residents: Despite a high quality of life, Hawai‘i residents pay a large economic “paradise tax” for living here—average incomes are relatively low; cost of living is highest in the nation; and the economy is subject to particularly intense boom-bust cycles that have often correlated to the visitor industry’s own peaks and valleys over the past few decades. This is a fundamental political fault line in any move for significant expansion of the visitor plant. While residents understand that failing tourism would devastate the islands, they also see Business market: Business travel—both use of the Convention Center and the MCI (Meetings, Conventions, and Incentives) market—has not grown since the previous 2005-15 TSP was prepared. Hawai‘i’s strong leisure brand continues to have the negative side effect of discouraging organizations from “boondoggle” meetings in the Islands. Hawai‘i Tourism Authority Five-Year Strategic Plan 2016 14 Parks, trails, and recreational facilities: Residents have expressed particular concern about visitor impacts on parks and trails in natural areas, as well as recreational use conflicts in coastal areas. The HTA worked with the State Parks Division to address these, including annual contributions of $1 million to improve affected facilities. But interviews for this plan still found widespread concern about the impression left on visitors by non-working, smelly restrooms in many State and county beach parks, which were repeatedly described as “embarrassments” demanding attention. that a tourism-centric economy has been imperfect and so may question the wisdom of any increased dependence. Population density: Population brings economic opportunity, but crowding seems inconsistent with Island lifestyle. There is wide variation among islands, but Hawai‘i as a whole is now the most densely settled state west of the Mississippi River. Recent visitor surveys indicate some decline in overall visitor satisfaction (although still very high) that coincides with increased dissatisfaction due to overcrowding. From the resident perspective, visitors add to a sense of crowding when they make up a particularly high proportion of the overall number of bodies on the island (“de facto population”)—e.g., the counties of Maui and Kaua‘i, where more than one in 4 people were visitors in 2012. This is less than in past peaks, but the trend has been sharply upward the past several years. OPPORTUNITIES Emerging international markets: The most dramatic post-recession change has been the leap in higherspending international markets—especially China, Korea, and Australia—driven by economic growth, favorable exchange rates, security in the Pacific, and new air routes. In 2005, non-Japanese foreign visitors accounted for 13.7% of all visitor spending; by 2012, it was 23.8%. Most of these markets are attracted to Waikīkī, resulting in both higher room revenues and higher occupancies for O‘ahu than for other islands. Assuming steady growth in these markets, there will be opportunities to develop product offerings, infrastructure, and workforce training programs that will avoid some of the historic issues experienced in the early growth years of the Japan market. Infrastructure overload or maintenance: County governments have generally worked well to provide resort areas with water, sewage, streets, etc., though the O‘ahu wastewater (sewage) system has capacity issues that may affect future growth and development patterns—for tourism or any other use—in urban Honolulu. Outside resort areas, key infrastructure issues include: (1) Highway congestion: Every major island has bottlenecks, but various national traffic “scorecards” rank Honolulu traffic as among the worst in the nation, and other measures suggest maintenance of O‘ahu interstate highways also rank consistently low. During the 2015-20 timeframe, O‘ahu is scheduled to see substantial traffic disruption due to construction of the island’s new rapid transit system. (2) Entryways (airports and harbors): Despite improvements at Honolulu International Airport, some Neighbor Island airports continue to deteriorate and lack sufficient cultural ambiance. Most Hawai‘i harbors are at capacity and are experiencing conflicts with recreational use; there is potential for a new or improved berth at Hilo; and in Honolulu, DOTHarbors will continue to make improvements to the flow of ground transportation at Aloha Tower. Higher-spending market segments: Among the higher-spending segments that can be further developed are (a) Wedding/honeymoon: Numbers declined significantly from the 2005 benchmark but have recovered in 2011-12, especially from Japan. More marketing to other areas may be warranted. (b) Golf: The percentage of golf visitors from Hawai‘i’s domestic markets has been declining, due at least in part to significant baggage fees imposed by the airlines and changes in market mix and demographics that favor activities other than golf. Logistical arrangements might reverse some of this decline. International conferences: Hawai‘i’s strong showing and international exposure from the late 2011 AsiaPacific Economic Conference of world leaders has restored some momentum to the MCI markets. Hawai‘i is the site for the 2016 World Conservation Congress, the world’s largest conservation event. International diplomatic, academic, and environmental meetings may lead to eventual gains in more traditional business meetings. Hawai‘i Tourism Authority Five-Year Strategic Plan 2016 15 Potential to increase resort unit inventory: Recently, new units have typically been created through higher-density redevelopment of existing properties (especially in Waikīkī), although many of the new units have not been for traditional hotel or condohotel uses. Entirely new resort unit construction is more likely to occur in existing master-planned resort areas, where many or most entitlements are already in place. However, such new development will depend on investor economics and factors such as the location of entitled land (i.e., rural O‘ahu and the Neighbor Islands) relative to the actual demand for such locations. level about tourism activities. This “complaint” is also an “opportunity.” Despite the wide variety of interests and viewpoints about tourism in any area, it was apparent there are many community leaders who want to work constructively both to solve/ avoid problems and also to identify opportunities for more in-community visitor activities that would benefit residents so long as they can help determine appropriate scale and location. Island Visitors Bureau offices: The HTA’s longtime contractor, the Hawai‘i Visitors and Convention Bureau (HVCB), maintains offices on every island and typically has a wide network of contacts in the community. These offices historically have focused on marketing, and there is a danger in mixing the missions of “selling” and “listening.” But the offices still represent a potential mechanism for systematic attention to the basic need of improving industrycommunity relations and of collaborative planning to sustain the core assets valued by both residents and visitors. Potential to capture more in-community visitor spending: The increasing tendency of visitors to “spill over” from designated resort areas has been a mixed blessing. The positive side has been more opportunity for local businesses to benefit. If this potential can be more widely distributed among the islands through careful planning, it might avoid the negative side effect of “visitor overwhelm” in particular communities. THREATS Resident desire to work collaboratively in communities: Interviews and strategic working group sessions for this plan consistently found community leaders who want more consultation at the local Volatility of developing international markets: Despite the promise of international markets, history shows some of these markets once had similar or higher levels of travel to Hawai‘i in the early 1990s, Canada Post-RecessionPeriod 500,000 Oceania (mostly Australia) 450,000 “Other Asia” (mostly Korea, China) 400,000 350,000 300,000 Note: These markets are shown because of recent high growth rates. However, Hawai‘i’s largest markets remain in the U.S. (4.88 million in 2012) and Japan (1.47 million). 250,000 200,000 150,000 100,000 50,000 2011 2012 2010 2009 2007 2008 2005 2006 2003 2004 2001 2002 1999 2000 1997 1998 1996 1995 1993 1994 1992 1991 1989 1990 0 Figure 7: Arrivals by International Markets Hawai‘i Tourism Authority Five-Year Strategic Plan 2016 16 but then dropped back. Average spending may drop if the initial pool of affluent travelers expands to include more cost-conscious people. International markets are subject not only to global economic cycles and fierce competition for new destinations closer than Hawai‘i, but also to shifts in exchange rates and political tensions with the U.S. or with one another. Under some conditions, a surge in new markets might lead to visitors from established markets feeling less welcome. Rising room rates: While the recent strong recovery from the Great Recession has allowed hotels to generate record gross revenues, there is a sense that a tipping point has been reached where visitors must reduce their expenditures in other sectors to afford accommodations. Environmental degradation: There may be no more fundamental asset valued by both visitors and residents than the āina—the land, water, and unique beauty of the Islands. As the population grows, view plane preservation is critical for both residents and visitors. Beyond the views, beach erosion and pollution are top concerns for Hawai‘i’s visitor industry. Sand shipped in to sustain Waikīkī Beach has been lost at faster rates than in the past. Coral reefs, as elsewhere in the world, are struggling to survive. In upland areas, Hawai‘i forests continue to struggle against invasion by alien species. Many destinations can replicate some of Hawai‘i’s brand attributes: Subject to a few further limitations discussed below, Hawai‘i’s “package” of activities and attributes is arguably among the best in the world. However, when potential visitors judge the destination based on single attributes or a limited range of attributes, strong competitors emerge. For example, “quality resort” competitors include Las Vegas, Mexico, Bali, Fiji, and developing Asian destinations. “Unique scenery” competitors include Costa Rica, New Zealand, Canada, and Alaska. “Familyfriendly” competitors include Florida/Orlando, California/Anaheim, and Asian theme park areas. Implications are that (a) Hawai‘i must continue to nurture its most unique and authentic attributes, including culture; and (b) it is critical to emphasize the whole package in marketing and avoid promoting those activities that are easily replicated. Climate change and/or disasters: Interviews for this Plan found increasing awareness of global climate change (in part due to research at the University of Hawai‘i) and its local implications—not only future sea-level rise, but also fiercer weather such as droughts and, especially, fierce storms and hurricanes. Disasters, including tsunamis and major earthquakes, can happen anytime. Individual hotels and visitor attractions may have their own evacuation plans, but some interviewees noted there is yet no comprehensive destination-wide contingency plan for worst-case scenarios in which visitors may be stranded, lack accommodations, etc. Intensity of competition in activities and amenities: With the rapid development of global tourism, competitive destinations are building new, state-ofthe art facilities in places where land, labor, and other costs are much lower than in Hawai‘i. These new accommodation and activity facilities will provide strong competition for Hawai‘i, especially given that much of the resort plant in Hawai‘i is more than 30 years old. Visitor exposure to hazards: During the planning period for this document, the more immediate safety concern had to do with drowning, shark attacks, or similar hazards in the ocean and other natural areas. Visitors were seen as particularly likely to be victims, raising concerns about the adequacy of guidebooks, signage, and other methods to notify both visitors and residents of hazards. Technology provides the consumer more access: The Internet provides the consumer with unparalleled opportunities to research product information and recommendations outside the purview of industry organizations. However, misinformation and discouraging over-use of unsafe sites has occurred. Better monitoring of these potential problems and more effective overall use of social media and related tools in marketing, is required. Hawai‘i Tourism Authority Five-Year Strategic Plan 2016 17 Hawai‘i Tourism Situation Assessment STRENGTHS OPPORTUNITIES Hawai‘i enjoys high brand awareness due to attributes such as climate, scenic natural resources, and the culture, history and heritage of the Islands. Visitor satisfaction is also a strong point as is Hawai‘i’s unique multicultural setting. Emerging international markets and higher-spending market segments offer opportunities for Hawai‘i, as does positioning Hawai‘i for international conferences. Opportunities also exist for increased resort unit inventory and in community visitor spending. WEAKNESSES THREATS Hawai‘i is perceived as not offering value for the money due partly to its geographical isolation and travel costs. An overloaded infrastructure that affects the maintenance of parks, trails, and facilities is also considered a weakness. Volatility of developing international markets could threaten Hawai‘i, as could competing destinations that replicate some of Hawai‘i’s brand attributes. Rising room rates and issues related to the environment also pose potential threats. Figure 8: SWOT Summary 3.5 Positioning Hawai‘i in the External Market The evolution of the Internet and communications technology has complicated the concept of positioning but also allows the prospect of positioning the destination to the specific needs and interests of various target groups. In the era of mass markets and mass media, it was previously necessary to choose a single position for the destination that would generally appeal to a broadly defined target audience. With the fragmentation of media and the explosive growth of the Internet, it is now possible to develop marketing positions explicitly crafted for the narrowly defined interests of specific audiences. In this environment, positioning operates on two levels. First, in order to maintain brand consistency overall, a general position for the destination requires a common base of universally appreciated (and unique) attributes. For Hawai‘i, these undoubtedly include the variety of things to do, see and experience across six different islands and the unique Aloha Spirit. Second, when applying this overall position to narrowly defined markets (based on consumer interests), additional attributes are included that link unique features of the destination to the specific interests of the audience. • Golf: 70+ courses in incomparable settings with year-round play • Romance: Hawai‘i is renowned as the most romantic place on earth • History/Culture: A surprisingly rich heritage highlighted by a royal past and a culture formed by different ethnic groups • Cuisine: Authentic ethnic foods and Hawai‘i Regional Cuisine • Business/MCI: A range of meeting facilities and a culture of hospitality (ho‘okipa) that sets Hawai‘i apart from other business sites • Adventure: Hiking, surfing, diving, exploring (via zip lines or all terrain vehicles) in an island setting • Shopping: Everything from luxury goods to craft fairs With the ubiquity of the Internet, it is now possible to pursue micro-markets. Websites appealing to quilters, artisans, tri-athletes, astronomy buffs, etc. can effectively reach small target audiences that historically have been impossible to address in the past. Hawai‘i Tourism Authority Five-Year Strategic Plan 2016 19 The HTA’s major responsibility is to ensure that tourism’s substantial economic benefits are maintained and grown if possible. This requires not just industry success, but success in ways that can be shared by everyone. • Growing and spreading the wealth to (a) ensure all islands receive as close to a “fair share” of tourism as possible; and (b) take feasible steps to soften the economic blows to the state from inevitable downturns in the business cycle. • Visitor spending is the key to both private and public sector benefits (i.e., taxes, which fund public services for all). That means attracting higher-spending visitors; eliminating seasonal low points, and stimulating spending on activities more effectively after visitors have arrived. 4.0 GOALS, OBJECTIVES, STRATEGIES AND MEASURES None of this is possible unless the industry is able to stand out from the competition and provide a sense of value for the relatively high price tag necessitated by travel, land, and labor costs here. • The most critical objectives here are protecting Hawai‘i’s strong and positive “brand” in major market areas (which is largely about messaging) and ensuring that distinctive competitive features—certainly cultural but also other relatively unique visitor experiences—are part of the actual product. • Airline routes must be vigorously pursued and defended, and the travel experience for all visitors—particularly international ones coping with visa applications, customs, and security— must be made as positive as possible. The preceding Situation Analysis shows that tourism planning takes place in a fast-changing and complicated environment, both globally and within Hawai‘i. Different people can look at the same set of facts and draw different conclusions about what to do. Here are the four areas the HTA believes are the main implications of this analysis, given its mission and resources. Because Hawai‘i is a mature industry that relies on resident goodwill and the Islands’ cultural and natural resources, the HTA must increase its focus on community relations and on protecting what might be called “integrity of place.” • Resident appreciation of tourism’s importance must be reinforced. That is most likely to occur only if the HTA and the industry also make a serious effort to listen and respond effectively to community desires. • While the Authority has long emphasized the importance of culture, the 2014 Legislature has given this new emphasis by mandating the HTA to ensure outcomes such as authenticity in cultural portrayals, protection of cultural sites, and cultural education of workers. This further increases culture as a priority. The HTA has a fourth major topic of planning: Itself. The HTA recognizes a responsibility to use tax revenues generated by the industry and appropriated by the Legislature as effectively and efficiently as possible. • The HTA must maintain policies, procedures, and guidelines for complying with state tourism marketing plan requirements and for documenting progress toward achieving strategic goals. • The HTA must constantly monitor and improve both contract management and internal program management, and improve policies, procedures, and training needed to ensure consistent and efficient monitoring of its contracts and programs. Hawai‘i Tourism Authority Five-Year Strategic Plan 2016 20 Improve the Integrity of the Destination Ensure Stable Economic Benefits Elevate Hawai‘i’s Value Perception Strengthen the HTA’s Reputation This strategic plan is created by and for the HTA. It presents four goals that the HTA intends to accomplish by working and collaborating with partners and stakeholders. Also presented are strategies to increase economic activity, sustain positive net benefits of tourism, grow visitor spending, and be an effective organization. The plan calls for action in four key areas: 1. 2. 3. 4. • Objective 1: Increase community support for tourism. Strategic Directives: - Monitor and proactively respond to communities’ needs and core issues (within 3 years) - Implement a plan to enhance residents’ understanding of the value of tourism (within 3 years) - Collaborate with organizations to promote career pathways to inspire future tourism professionals and leaders (within 1 year) - Expand community-based programs to enrich visitor-resident interactions and economic benefits (within 3 years) Improve the Integrity of the Destination Ensure Stable Economic Benefits Elevate Hawai‘i’s Value Perception Strengthen the HTA’s Reputation GOAL 1: • Improve the Integrity of the Destination A successful tourism economy balances the needs of the community, visitors and the destination. It contributes to the sustainability of natural resources, perpetuates cultural resources, and fosters support within the community and industry. Support for tourism will be reinforced if the HTA strengthens its community relations efforts for further engagement and collaboration between the community and industry. In addition, the HTA must be a good steward of the destination in order to lessen impacts on Hawai‘i’s cultural and natural resources. To improve the balance between host, guest and place, the HTA will: Objective 2: Be a better steward of the destination. Strategic Directives: - Increase support for programs that manage, improve and protect Hawai‘i’s natural environment and areas frequented by visitors (within 1 year) - Perpetuate and promote the uniqueness and integrity of the Native Hawaiian culture and community and their significance in differentiating the destination through unique and genuine visitor experiences (within 1 year) • Metrics: Measure of Success: Sustain positive net benefits of tourism as measured by the HTA Resident Sentiment Survey question: The percentage of residents who agree that tourism has brought more benefits than problems. Hawai‘i Tourism Authority Five-Year Strategic Plan 2016 22 - Develop more tourism infrastructure to facilitate international visitors to the Neighbor Islands (within 3 years) - Leverage our competitive advantages in the Asia-Pacific region to explore a new Asia market (within 5 years) - Facilitate more cruise ship arrivals and increased cruise ship berths (within 3 years) Measures of Performance: - Percentage of residents feel that tourism should be actively encouraged on my island. - Percentage of residents feel that HTA helps to preserve Native Hawaiian culture and language - Percentage of visitors feel that Hawai‘i is a good steward of natural resources, parks and cultural sites • GOAL 2: Ensure Stable Economic Benefits One of the HTA’s key responsibilities is to maintain, grow and extend the benefits of tourism beyond the industry. The goal is to sustain and cultivate a constant and consistent source of visitor arrivals and expenditures throughout all of the Hawaiian Islands and over periods of varying economic cycles and/or unforeseen events. To maintain a positive impact on Hawai‘i’s tourism economy, the HTA will: • Objective 2: Increase visitor expenditures by attracting high-spending visitors and encouraging spending opportunities. Strategic Directives - Focus product development to increase spending during shoulder seasons (within 3 years) - Strengthen marketing of visitor activities and experiences (within 3 years) - Expand research to determine long-term travel trends, high-spending segments, and insights on the next generation of travelers (within 3 years) - Refresh destination brand programs and activities targeting the next generation of travelers (within 5 years) Objective 1: Focus marketing on producing consistent arrivals. Strategic Directives - Market the Hawaiian Islands as a preferred destination for corporate meetings, conventions and incentives (MCI), including efficient management of the Hawai‘i Convention Center (HCC) (within 1 year) - Deploy a meetings and conventions business strategy to increase business to HCC (within 3 years) - Employ marketing to fully implement The Hawaiian Islands brand (within 1 year) - Increase promotion of other islands besides O‘ahu to the North America markets (within 1 year) • Metrics: Measure of Success: Increased economic activity generated by visitors as measured by visitor-related gross domestic product Measures of Performance: - Rating of Hawai‘i as a convention site compared to other destinations - Increase in booked room nights for MCI - Incremental gain in average daily census during shoulder seasons - Incremental gain in visitor related expenditures Hawai‘i Tourism Authority Five-Year Strategic Plan 2016 23 • GOAL 3: Elevate Hawai‘i’s Value Perception In an increasingly competitive world, it is vital that Hawai‘i differentiate itself from other destinations by promoting authentic experiences unique to the Hawaiian Islands and a sense of value for travel costs. To enhance a globally competitive brand, the HTA will: • Strategic Directives - Expand research efforts to analyze travel trends, consumer behavior and preferences to identify lodging opportunities and needs (within 3 years) - Identify and determine ways to improve the quality of accommodations and address infrastructure issues (within 5 years) Objective 1: Maintain and improve air access to the Hawaiian Islands. Strategic Directives - Maintain and grow airlift (within 3 years) - Increase interisland connectivity to improve visitor distribution (within 3 years) - Advocate for pre-clearance approval at the federal level for international markets (within 3 years) - Expand Hawai‘i’s international ports of entry beyond Honolulu International Airport (within 3 years) - Identify and resolve any access issues such as visa waiver programs, customs and border protection, airport visitor experience, and interline efficiencies (within 3 years) • Objective 3: Meet traveler expectations for accommodations and infrastructure. • Metrics: Measure of Success: The Hawaiian Islands brand remains competitive as measured by the Marketing Effectiveness Study question: The percentage of potential visitors considering a trip to Hawai‘i from our major markets. Measures of Performance: - Percentage of travelers who feel Hawai‘i has a “Variety of Unique Experiences and Activities” in MES - Percentage of travelers who feel Hawai‘i “Offers Different Experiences than Other Places” in MES - Percentage of travelers who feel Hawai‘i is a “Safe and Secure Place” in MES - Number of incremental air seats - Percentage of travelers who feel Hawai‘i has a “Variety of Accommodations” in MES - Score in Visitor Satisfaction Survey—“if visitor would recommend Hawai‘i” Objective 2: Protect Hawai‘i’s brand to remain competitive. Strategic Directives - Conduct ongoing research to identify consumer needs and awareness of Hawai‘i’s attributes in order to adjust brand marketing initiatives (within 1 year) - Emphasize culture and other critical attributes (i.e., variety of unique experiences, safety and security) that drive visitors to a destination (within 3 years) - Develop world-class visitor experiences (within 5 years) - Improve visitor safety programs, destination- wide disaster planning, and other safety measures (within 3 years) - Support workforce training in hospitality, service and culture (within 1 year) - Create, incentivize and support quality certification programs (within 3 years) Hawai‘i Tourism Authority Five-Year Strategic Plan 2016 24 GOAL 4: Strengthen the HTA’s Reputation As the state’s lead entity for tourism, the HTA is responsible for directing and managing local and global efforts to maintain and improve the vitality and sustainability of Hawai‘i’s visitor industry. To be an effective leader in the industry, the HTA is committed to being a forward-thinking, knowledgebased organization that uses information and research to develop programs and policies and to serve as a resource for all stakeholders. To be the state’s lead agency in tourism, we will: • • Objective 1: Continually improve the organization’s ability to lead the industry. Strategic Directives - Elevate the leadership skills of the HTA board and staff through ongoing training and continuing to seek out the best in destination management (within 5 years) - Connect resources between government and other industries, the community, and tourism to benefit economic development in Hawai‘i (within 3 years) - Annually analyze the organizational structure and programs and make modifications to respond to market conditions (within 1 year) - Harness new technology and innovative practices to enhance destination management and marketing initiatives (within 3 years) • Objective 2: Ensure transparency and accountability for the HTA tourism marketing efforts. Targets have been established as a means to measure the success of attaining HTASP goals. Targets include the percentage of residents who agree that tourism brings more benefits than problems, real gross domestic product generated by visitorrelated expenditures, percentage of potential visitors considering a trip to Hawai‘i, and percentage of organizations in the tourism industry that recognize the HTA as a leader. Short-term and long-term targets are set for each goal, as shown in the table on the back cover. Metrics: Measure of Success: The perception of the HTA as a leader is enhanced as measured by the percentage of organizations in the tourism industry that recognize the HTA as a leader. Measures of Performance: - Percentage of contracts in compliance - Progress reports of HTA achieving strategic plan - Residents’ awareness of HTA - Positive reputation of HTA - Industry participation in HTA programs 4.1 Proposed 1-, 3-, and 5-year Targets Strategic Directives - Maintain a single comprehensive marketing plan (Brand Management Plan: The Official Tourism Marketing Plan) that aligns the HTA goals and strategic objectives (within 1 year) - Institute an evaluation system for all HTA programs (within 1 year) - Implement an electronic contract management system that includes tracking of contract authoring and execution, connects to a payment system, tracks deliverables, and provides automatic alerts (within 1 year) - Create a compliance function to ensure that internal policies, regulatory requirements, and contracts are in accord with statutes and mandates (within 1 year) Hawai‘i Tourism Authority Five-Year Strategic Plan 2016 25 ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The Hawai‘i Tourism Authority wishes to extend its sincere appreciation to all of the individuals listed below who contributed to the formulation of the HTSP. To all, mahalo nui. HTA Board of Directors The HTA Five-Year Strategic Plan 2016 was approved by the HTA Board on October 29, 2015. ATKINS, FRED CORTEWAY, JACK DEE, SEAN P. DE MELLO, GERALD DOMINGO, DONNA CHUN, MINH-CHAU DANCE, LESLIE GOO, JADIE GOSHI, LACI KAHALEKULU, DENISE LIU, LAWRENCE MIYAUCHI, CHIKA NAHOOPII, DANIEL RAKTA, ROANN RODRIGUEZ, RONALD SADAYASU, CHRIS SHIOWAKI, MICHELE TAKAMOTO, IRIS TALARO, VENGIE TOGASHI, MARC WAKAI, MIKI FRIED JR., L. RICHARD Consultants/Contractors KAM, GEORGE ADLER, PETER Accord 3.0 NAKAMURA, CRAIG G. STONE, LORRIE RAE, DAVID HAYASHI YAMAGUCHI, DENISE HTA Tourism Strategic Plan Investigative Committee EWING, PATTY FRIED JR., L. RICHARD KOBAYASHI, MICHAEL NAKAMURA, CRAIG G. RAE, DAVID SALA, AARON KIMURA, KYOKO DOMINGO, DONNA DEE, SEAN P. HAYASHI YAMAGUCHI, DENISE WILLIAMS, RON Ex-Officio member Staff: DANIEL NAHOOPII and CAROLINE ANDERSON HTA Staff SZIGETI, GEORGE D. ANDERSON, CAROLINE BALDEMOR, RANDY CARAVALHO, MAILE CHAN, CHARLENE CHUN, JENNIFER AGRES, BOB Hawai‘i Alliance for Community– Based Economic Development COLBURN, LINDA Where Talk Works, Inc. HAAS, FRANK Marketing Management, Inc. KAKESAKO, BRENT Hawai‘i Alliance for Community– Based Economic Development KNOX, JOHN John Knox & Associates REX, FAITH SMS Marketing TOY, JOSEPH Hospitality Advisors, LLC APO, PETER Trustee, Office of Hawaiian Affairs ARAKAWA, DAVID Hawai‘i Resort Developers Assoc. BAKER, DEBBIE Presidents, Current Events BAUTISTA, LYNN HTA staff BICOY, JULIE Director, Destination Moloka‘i Visitors Bureau BORGES, RYAN Captain, Honolulu Police Dept. BROWER, TOM State Representative– House Tourism Chair CAREY, DAVID President & CEO, Outrigger Enterprises Group, Inc. CARR, STANFORD President, Stanford Carr Development CHUN, DANIEL Regional Manager, Alaska Airlines CHUN, JENNIFER HTA Staff EGGED, RICK Executive Director, Waikīkī Improvement Association EVANS, KIMBERLY Department of Transportation, Airports EVERSOL, DOLAN UH Sea Grant Program FAULKNER, KIERSTEN Historic Hawai‘i Foundation FOX, MARK Nature Conservancy of Hawai‘i FUJIKAMI, FORD Deputy Director, State DOT– Airports FUJIWARA, DARYL Lahaina Civic Club CHURCHILL, RYAN President & CEO, Maui Land & Pineapple Co. GATES, NATALIE Superintendent, Haleakalâ National Park COLLIS, BLAIR Bishop Museum GOO, DON Senior Advisor at Wimberly Allison Tong & Goo Architects COSTA, GEORGE Director, Office of Economic Development, County of Kauai AGRUSA, JEROME Hawai‘i Pacific University–TIM DAVIS, TONI-MARIE Executive Director, Activities & Attractions Association of Hawai‘i ANDERSON, CAROLINE HTA Staff DUNKERLEY, MARK President & CEO, Hawaiian Airlines GALUTERIA, BRICKWOOD State Senator–Senate Tourism and Hawaiian Affairs Chair Individual Interviewees, Strategic Plan Working Groups & Survey Participants (ANONYMOUS EXECUTIVE Off-Shore Hotel Owner) DOWLING, EVERETT President, Dowling Company, Inc. CHUN, MINH-CHAU HTA Staff COTTRELL, CURT Department of Land and Natural Resources ALM, ROBBIE Executive Vice President, Hawaiian Electric Company DONOHO, STEPHANIE Tourism Specialist, Economic Development Office, County of Hawai‘i DAHILIG, MICHAEL County Office of Planning–Kaua‘i DINELL, DANIEL Chairman and Regional Vice President–Sales & Marketing Programs, ARDA Hawai‘i/Hilton Grand Vacations DOMINGO, DONNA President, ILWU Hawai‘i Tourism Authority Five-Year Strategic Plan 2016 26 GOO, JADIE HTA Staff GOSHI, LACI HTA Staff HARUKI, WARREN President & CEO, Grove Farm (Kaua‘i) HIGASHI, PERCY President & Chief Operating Officer, Roberts Hawai‘i Tours, Inc. HO, PETER President & CEO, Bank of Hawaii JAEB, CHRIS President, Common Ground JONES, MICHELLE Department of Land and Natural Resources KAM, GEORGE Ambassador of Aloha, Quiksilver KANUHA, DUANE County Office of Planning– Hawai‘i KAOHELAULII, ANNETTE Hawai‘i Ecotourism Association CHENG YICK, TERESA General Manager, Galaxy Tours KELLEY, BITSY Outrigger Enterprises Group KELLY, KEVIN EPSCoR–UH KIMURA, KYOKO KIMURA, VIC Kyo-ya Management Company, Ltd. KO, MINNIE C&C of Honolulu– Office of Econ. Development KOBAYASHI, BJ Managing Partner and Founder, BlackSand Capital, LLC KURIYAMA, STANLEY Chairman & CEO, Alexander & Baldwin Inc. KUWABARA, YUJIRO Executive Vice President, JTB Overseas Development Corporation KUYPER, NEIL “DUTCH” President & CEO, Parker Ranch LEE, CHUCK Department of Transportation, Airports MIKULINA, JEFF Executive Director, Blue Planet Foundation SHELDON, PAULINE Emeritus UH TIM Professor, University of Hawai‘i WEIGERT, LANI Executive Director, Hawai‘i Agritourism Association MOREY, ROGER Executive Director, Hawai‘i Restaurant Association SHIGEKUNI, VINCENT PBR Hawai‘i YEAMAN, ERIC Hawaiian Telcom Communications MORGAN, JOHN President, Kualoa Ranch Hawai‘i SKINNER, GEORJA DBEDT–Creative Industries Division WILSON, KELII HTA Staff MORIKAWA, JULIE Director Market Management, Expedia SMITH, GARY President, Mokihana Pest Control MORIOKA, BRENNON Deputy Executive Director, Honolulu Authority for Rapid Transportation SOUKI, JESSE State Office of Planning SPROAT, STACY Executive Director, Waipā Foundation NAHOOPII, DANIEL HTA Staff STONE, JEFF Founder, The Resort Group OU, HENRY Hawai‘i China Travel Service ORLANDO, CINDY Superintendent, Volcano National Park OSHIO, MAKOTO Director of Marketing, Hawai‘i Branch, Watabe Wedding ENDERTON, LES O‘ahu Visitors Bureau TODANI, SUSAN Director of Investments, Kamehameha Schools RASMUSSEN, TEENA Director, Office of Economic Development, County of Maui TOGASHI, MARC HTA Staff LEE, GRACE HTA Staff RESICH, CHRIS President, MC&A, Inc. LIU, LAWRENCE HTA Staff RICHARDS, JACK President, Pleasant Holidays TOGUCHI, CHARLES Hawai‘i Spokesman, Northwest Cruise Association LIM, RICHARD Director, State DBEDT RODRIGUEZ, ANGELA HTA Staff TSUKANO, SHIRLEY Kapi‘olani Community College RODRIGUEZ, RONALD HTA Staff TSUTSUI, SHAN Lt. Governor, State of Hawai‘i LYNX, BRIAN HTA Staff ROSE, BREANNA Hawai‘i Green Growth UCHIYAMA, DAVID HTA Staff MAK, JIM Emeritus UH Economics Professor, University of Hawai‘i RUMBAOA, CLAY CEO, Moloka‘i Ranch UEHARA, KATHLEEN County Tax Office–Maui RYAN, SANDY Maui Economic Development Board VIEIRA, KEITH Senior Vice President of Operations, Starwood Hotels & Resort LIU, LIPING Maui College Hospitality Program MCCARTNEY, MIKE HTA Staff MCKEAGUE, TIM Atlantis Adventures SANDERS, MALIA Native Hawaiian Hospitality Association WAKAI, MIKI HTA Staff Hawai‘i Tourism Authority Five-Year Strategic Plan 2016 27 APPLEGATE, GEORGE Big Island Visitors Bureau SZIGETI, GEORGE D. President & CEO, Hawai‘i Lodging & Tourism Association TEXEIRA, CHARITY Public Relations Associate, Lāna‘i Visitors Bureau PAHINUI, KATHLEEN Group Publisher, Morris Visitor Publications HTA Marketing Partners BIRCH, ROSS Big Island Visitors Bureau TAMURA, MARSHA State Civil Defense RAFTER, BEN Aqua Hotels & Resorts YONAMINE, WESLEY Program Director, Airport Visitor Information Program, Department of Transportation, Airports STORY, MIKE HTA Staff TABUCHI, CANDACE UH–KCC HOST Program QUINN, DAN Director, State Parks, DLNR YOGI, DAVIS Harbors Administrator, DOT–Harbors Division HOGAN, DEBBIE Big Island Visitors Bureau KAM, CHRIS Hawai‘i Visitors & Convention Bureau KANOHO, SUE Kaua‘i Visitors Bureau MERNER, MICHAEL Hawai‘i Tourism Asia MONAHAN, JOHN Hawai‘i Visitors & Convention Bureau TAKAHATA, ERIC Hawai‘i Tourism Japan TALWAR, JAY Hawai‘i Visitors & Convention Bureau TANAKA, RANDY SMG/Hawai‘i Convention Center TERAMOTO, RYUTA “LUKE” Hawai‘i Tourism Japan VENCL, TERRYL Maui Visitors Bureau WALSHE, DARRAGH Hawai‘i Tourism Oceania WILLIAMS, HELEN Hawai‘i Tourism Oceania GLOSSARY Basic Terms and Ideas An understanding of the following key words and concepts is useful when reading the HTA Strategic Plan. “Strategic” versus “Tactical” Planning: While there is no single model for a strategic plan, its basic purpose is to identify broad goals and an overall methodology for accomplishing the goals. Tactics are ways to accomplish objectives or goals. The HTA Strategic Plan addresses a 5-year timeframe and is developed at the executive and board level. It is our agency’s strategic plan and provides general goals and directions. Managerial/Tactical Plan: Generally described as a plan that addresses a 12-month period and is developed at the program level. The HTA managerial/tactical plan is its Brand Management Plan. Vision: An aspirational description of how the HTA wants the visitor industry to be perceived in the future. HTA’s vision and principles for tourism are stated in the “Collective Ambition.” Instead of a simple vision of future tourism, which could be interpreted in many ways. The HTA is specific about what behaviors are expected from all stakeholders Mission: An explanation of the HTA’s core purpose and focus. The HTA’s mission is to strategically manage Hawai‘i tourism in a sustainable manner consistent with economic goals, cultural values, preservation of natural resources, community desires, and visitor industry needs. Goal: An observable end result having one or more objectives to be achieved within a more or less fixed timeframe. In the HTA plan, there are four overarching goals that the HTA hopes to achieve. Objective: A specific plan of attack–usually a series of them–that moves us toward achieving our goal. In general, objectives are more specific and easier to measure than goals. In the HTA plan, there are sub-goals labeled as objectives under each goal. Strategic Directive: The primary approach or method for attaining objectives and resolving specific issues. In this plan, the strategies describe a general approach and not specific HTA programs or projects. Measures of Success: Evidence that goals or objectives are being attained. Measures of success also are used to evaluate factors that are crucial to the success of an organization. Each measure of success is listed under “Metrics” at the last section of each goal. Measures of Performance: Measures specifically related to the objectives. Targets: A specific outcome proposed for the Measures of Success. Proposed targets are set for 1, 3, and 5 years, and a table is located at the end of the plan. Brand: In marketing, a brand can be described as a promise made to a consumer and other stakeholders. The promise shapes expectations of the experience when encountering the brand, expected price, and appropriateness to particular consumer wants and needs. A strong brand provides many benefits (known as brand equity) for the marketer, including ability to command a premium price (relative to similarly positioned competitors), loyalty, forgiveness and positive emotional associations. Brand Management or Marketing: During the 2014 legislative session, amendments were made to the Hawai‘i State Planning Act that called for replacing “marketing and promotion” with “brand management” where appropriate. Therefore, the HTA prepares a brand management plan rather than a marketing plan. Product Development: The creation of new activities, attractions, and experiences that appeal to visitors. Product development includes supporting festivals and cultural events; opening and maintaining recreational/ scenic facilities; researching business opportunities; etc. At another level it can mean developing or renovating hotels or other accommodations; offering tours; creating commercial attractions. Place-Host-Guest Framework: A way of thinking about the different elements of tourism planning. The HTA views tourism as the interaction between hosts and guests in a “place” (the overall destination shared by residents as well as visitors). Unless the “place” offers value to both hosts and guests, the interaction fails. This concept comes out of both local and international writings on “sustainable tourism” or “responsible tourism.” Locally, the 2004 Hawai‘i State Sustainable Tourism Project endorsed this framework because it reflected Native Hawaiian values about giving ultimate priority to “Place” (the enduring ‘āna of earth, water, and land, including human uses), while recognizing the needs of the industry and the visitor. See section 3.3. Hawai‘i Tourism Authority Five-Year Strategic Plan 2016 28 Proposed 1-, 3-, and 5-year Targets GOAL Improving Integrity of the Destination MEASURE OF SUCCESS Percentage of residents who agree that tourism has brought more benefits than problems Source: HTA Resident Sentiment Survey Ensure Stable Economic Benefits Real (inflation-adjusted) Gross domestic product generated by visitorrelated expenditures. Source: DBEDT/READ (2009=100) Elevate Hawai‘i’s Value Perception Percentage of potential visitors considering a trip to Hawai‘i Source: HTA Marketing Effectiveness Study RECENT VALUE(S) PROPOSED 1-YEAR TARGET (2016) PROPOSED 3-YEAR TARGET (2018) PROPOSED 5-YEAR TARGET (2020) 64% 75% (average of 2002 to 2010 results) 80% 2005: $11,823 mil 2006: $12,133 2007: $11,895 2008: $10,857 2009: $8,898 2010: $9,567 2011: $10,236 2012: $11,741 2013: $11,712 $12,170 mil $12,750 mil $13,280 mil Late 2014 U.S. West: 54% U.S. East: 24% Canada: 36% Japan: 34% U.S. West: 45% U.S. East: 21% Canada: 36% Japan: 31% U.S. West: 50% U.S. East: 24% Canada: 38% Japan: 34% U.S. West: 52% U.S. East: 26% Canada: 40% Japan: 34% Baseline: Identify core question or index Baseline + 10% of difference between baseline and 100%. Baseline + 25% of difference between baseline and 100%. 2002: 2005: 2006: 2007: 2009: 2010: 2012: 2014: 77% 71% 74% 71% 78% 80% 67% 64% Early 2015 U.S. West: 45% U.S. East: 21% Canada: 36% Japan: 31% Strengthen HTA’s Reputation Percentage of organizations in the tourism industry that recognize the HTA as a leader Measure does not exist yet (ie.: If baseline is 50%, target is 55%.) Source: Survey under development Figure 9: Goals and Targets (ie: If baseline is 50%, target is 62.5%.) HAWAI‘I TOURISM AUTHORITY 1801 Kalakaua Avenue, Honolulu, Hawai‘i 96815 Tel: (808) 973-2255, Fax: (808) 973-2253
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Explanation & Answer



SWOT Analysis of Haikou
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SWOT Analysis of Haikou
1. Variety
There are varieties of attractive things. Since Haikou is a coastal city, it has two separate islands,
namely; Xinbu and Haidan island. Haidan is the largest city. A river separates it from the
wealthy downtown in Haiku which is at the center. The terrain is very flat and has a welldeveloped water system (McEnnally, 2019). The island presents a landscape that is of a typical
wetland. It also has some hotels that offer a wide variety of modern facilities for meetings and
dining options that offers tourists their comfort while travelling as well as business people.
2. Authentic experiences
It has ports that are operated by seaplanes for an air tour. With the super view of the porthole
window, you can see coconut trees, blue sea, white sand as well as the high-rise and keep
enjoying the beautiful scenery of the island. Haikou Marriott Hotel has magnificent decoration
that can give one an authentic experience.
3. Natural resources
It has a gorgeous natural environment, particularly on the East Coast. It is richly endowed with
rich ecotourism resources. It also has mangrove forests which form a precious wetland
ecosystem. The natural scene is stunning as it brags the "Undersea Village" which is known to be
the geographic wonder of the world.


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