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Police-Community Relations vs. Community-Oriented Policing

WEEK 1 DISCUSSION 2

He wants us to put something in the text to let him know we read the chapters of which I did. Also wants us to proofread our discussion thanks

In reviewing the text, thoroughly explain the differences between community-oriented policing and police-community relations. How do police-community relations interact or associate with community-oriented policing? How did the philosophical or theoretical changes happen over time?   

Your initial response should be 250-300 words in length. Please support your claims with examples from the text and/or scholarly articles.

In order to successfully complete this week’s assignments, read the following chapters from the text, Community-Oriented Policing: A Systematic Approach to Policing:

  • Chapter One – The Evolution of Community-Oriented Policing

  • Chapter Two – Community-Oriented Policing Defined

  • Chapter Six – Implementing Community-Oriented Policing

     Required Text

    Oliver, W. (2008). Community-oriented policing: A systematic approach to policing (4th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education, Inc. ISBN 13: 978-0-13-158987-2

    The traditional policing style involved keeping public order and peace, enforcement of laws, making arrests and offering short term solutions to recurring problems. Differences between the two methods are to be found in the long-term process as it involves fundamental institutional changes. The main difference between the two is that community-oriented policing is a new philosophy based on the concept that the Police as well as citizens work together to find creative ways of tackling contemporary crime related problems, social and physical disorder, and general neighborhood welfare (Oliver, 2008).

      On the other hand, police-community relations is about community members and the police becoming proactive partners in community problem-solving, building relationships of respect, cooperation, and trust within and between the two, among a raft of others cooperation issues.

      The two policies interact with the service oriented policing promoting concepts of the community as clients, and police acting as providers. The objective is partnering in determining community needs and policing priorities and police accountability and effectiveness.

      Community policing exists as a philosophy, set of tactics, and as an organizational phenomenon. It aims at creating a connection between the police and the citizenry working together on safety involving the public in a given community set up. The design involves community policing entailing a more open relationship between the police and public giving the police a more proactive role in the community (Thomas & Burns, 2010). It redefines the role of officers on the street for example from crime fighters to problem solvers and neighborhood ombudsman. This is a cultural transformation of the entire police set up from the traditional policy as it was known.

      Reference

    Oliver, W. (2008). Community-oriented policing: A systematic approach to policing (4th ed.).   Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education, Inc. ISBN 13: 978-0-13-158987-2

    Burns, P. F., & Thomas M., O. 2005. “Repairing the Divide: An Investigation of Community

    Policing and Citizen Attitudes Toward the Police by Race and Ethnicity.” Journal of Ethnicity in

      Criminal Justice 3(1/2).


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