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Aug 19th, 2014
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The Transition to Community Policing. Identify and explain three differences between traditional and community policing philosophies. What historical perspectives have influenced the transition from traditional policing to community policing within many departments across the country? What impact did this transition have with regard to law enforcement administration and management? Your initial post should be at least 250-300 words in length. Support your claims with examples from required material(s) and/or other scholarly resources, and properly cite any references. Respond to at least two of your classmates’ posts by Day 7.


Oliver, W. (2008). Community-oriented policing: A systematic approach to policing (4th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education, Inc. ISBN 13: 978-0-13-158987-2

To successfully complete this week’s assignments, read the following chapters from the text, Community-Oriented Policing: A Systematic Approach to Policing:

a. Chapter One – The Evolution of Community-Oriented Policing

b. Chapter Two – Community-Oriented Policing Defined

c. Chapter Six – Implementing Community-Oriented Policing

Differences between community policing and traditional policing is a long-term process which has involved fundamental institutional changes. Traditional policing differed from community policing in that it focused more on solving and fighting crimes with the other focusing more on problem-solving approaches. Their efficiency was measured in terms of detection and arrest rates as opposed to the absence of crimes and public disorder in community policing (Oliver, 2008). Traditional policing policies focused more on high priorities which were crimes that had high value such as bank crimes, and those involving violence. On the other hand, community policing is concerned with crimes that disturb the community most.

  Community policing guarantees an expansion of the professional role which will be tempting to many police officers. It will also require testing with extensive changes in the way in which officers & their departments think about & organize their work. A successful transition to community policing requires essential changes both in the way officers are encouraged to think about their work & in the way that work is organized & facilitated by administrative superiors. Because changes in philosophy & organization are key elements in the transition to community policing, it is appropriate to start to evaluate these efforts by focusing on the subjective orientation of participating officers.

Community based policing has emerged as a dominant direction for thinking about police practice. It was designed to reunite the police with the community and enable the accomplishment of crime control by the police. It has been applied variously by police departments and has differed according to the needs of communities, politics and resources available. Its transformation therefore has gone beyond mere police-community relation programs attempting to address crime controls through partnering with communities.

This transformation has involved institutional change over time by going beyond implementation of neighborhood patrols for example. It therefore defines roles of an officer on the beat, from that of a crime fighter to a problem solver. The transformation has seen entire departments decentralized in their structures and infusion of changes in the management and administration styles in areas like recruitment, training, evaluation, reward system, career progression, operations, patrolling and related activities (Innes, 2010).

  All these have impacted positively with the two sides working together in identification of problems affecting communities and formulating solutions. This has seen a radical departure from the traditional era of “professionalism” in policing where the police claimed monopoly of crime control responsibility discouraging involvement of the citizenly in police matters.


Oliver, W. (2008). Community-oriented policing: A systematic approach to policing (4th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education, Inc. ISBN 13: 978-0-13-158987-2

Innes, M. 2010. “What’s Your Problem? Signal Crimes And Citizen-Focused Problem

Solving.” Criminology & Public Policy 4(2).

Our instructor wants us to use something from our readings so he knows we read it, which I did. He also wants us to proofread, and let him know were we answered the questions in our discussion

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