A learning disabled lesson plan should always
include a needs assessment, objectives, materials, teaching methods, lesson
content and structure and assessment.
a lesson plan for students with various learning disabilities, always focus on
the main principles of teaching students with disabilities which are:
- Engagement - Teachers should always make
sure that they make the lesson engaging to the point that the student is
motivated to learn from the desire of being competent and for the love of
learning, rather than for a grade, teachers approval or acceptance into a
- Belonging, competence , value
and safety -
Students with various learning disabilities have to feel that they belong,
are safe and are valued before they really exert fully in the classroom,
this is a critical dimension of an effecting learning environment.
- Connections with constructs - This is also known as
relevance where the student has pre-existing understandings of the subject
matter being taught.
- Information with conceptual
Special educators should focus on making the students understand the facts
and ideas within the context of what is being taught, so that knowledge
can be organized in ways that will help with retrieval and application. An
example would be a teacher teaching on the migration of honey bees can use
illustrations as a way to help the students to organize the material which
in turn helps with retrieval.
- Meta-cognition - This is where students are
encouraged to verbalize their thinking in order for the teacher to monitor
their understanding and internal dialog or conversation. Meta-cognition
allows students to activate background knowledge, self explain in order to
improve understanding and note failures in their comprehension.