A learning disabled lesson plan should always include a needs assessment, objectives, materials, teaching methods, lesson content and structure and assessment.
When writing a lesson plan for students with various learning disabilities, always focus on the main principles of teaching students with disabilities which are:
- Engagement - Teachers should always make sure that they make the lesson engaging to the point that the student is motivated to learn from the desire of being competent and for the love of learning, rather than for a grade, teachers approval or acceptance into a good college.
- Belonging, competence , value and safety - Students with various learning disabilities have to feel that they belong, are safe and are valued before they really exert fully in the classroom, this is a critical dimension of an effecting learning environment.
- Connections with constructs - This is also known as relevance where the student has pre-existing understandings of the subject matter being taught.
- Information with conceptual frameworks - Special educators should focus on making the students understand the facts and ideas within the context of what is being taught, so that knowledge can be organized in ways that will help with retrieval and application. An example would be a teacher teaching on the migration of honey bees can use illustrations as a way to help the students to organize the material which in turn helps with retrieval.
- Meta-cognition - This is where students are encouraged to verbalize their thinking in order for the teacher to monitor their understanding and internal dialog or conversation. Meta-cognition allows students to activate background knowledge, self explain in order to improve understanding and note failures in their comprehension.
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