EIU Cyber Security Attacks and Associated Mobile Technologies Paper

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Eastern Illinois University

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Bluekeep Professional Reflection

cyber security attacks on smart cities and associated mobile technologies

Botnets Reflection

And follow the requirements mentioned in the sample and dont exceed 2000 word limit.

2 days ago

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Explanation & Answer

Attached.

1

Assignment 2 - Professional Reflection

Students’ Name
Institutional Affiliation
Course
Professors’ Name
Date

2

Table of Contents
1 INTRODUCTION ....................................................................................................................... 3
1.1 Reflective Practice ................................................................................................................ 3
1.2 Gibbs Reflective Cycle ......................................................................................................... 3
2 CHALLENGES ENCOUNTERED IN THE CONSTRUCTION OF EACH SECTION OF
THE PROPOSAL ........................................................................................................................... 4
3 CRITICAL DISCUSSION OF YOUR INTERACTION AND USE OF SUPPORT
TUTORS/PEERS/SUPERVISORS ................................................................................................ 5
4 CRITICAL DISCUSSION OF SKILLS REQUIRED /USED FOR SUCCESSFUL
CONSTRUCTION OF THE PROPOSAL ..................................................................................... 6
5 CRITICAL DISCUSSION OF LESSONS LEARNT FROM THE PROCESS AND
STRATEGIES TO ADOPT TO MOVE FORWARD .................................................................... 8
5.1 Description ............................................................................................................................ 8
5.2 Feeling................................................................................................................................... 8
5.3 Evaluation ............................................................................................................................. 8
5.4 Analysis................................................................................................................................. 9
5.5 Conclusion and Action plan .................................................................................................. 9
6 SUMMARY ................................................................................................................................. 9
7 PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT PLAN ............................................................................ 11
REFERENCES ............................................................................................................................. 13

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1 INTRODUCTION
This paper aims to critically reflect on my encounter in assignment 1, the proposal
writing. The popular reflection model, Gibbs reflective cycle, will be used. Reflection is
connected to the aspect of learning from experience and is very important for students and
professionals who want to engage in lifelong learning. It will, therefore, provide an opportunity
to learn from my experience in proposal writing and other academic articles.
1.1 Reflective Practice
Reflective practice is the process in which one reflects in the previous actions to learn
from them. According to (Bubnys & Zavadskienė, 2017), the method involves being keen on the
practical values and speculations that inform everyday activities. Reflective practice is an
essential mechanism in professional learning based on practice where people can learn from their
own professional experience rather than formal means. Several models support this practice, but
in this study, it will focus on Gibbs's reflective cycle model.
1.2 Gibbs Reflective Cycle
This is a model developed in 1988 by Graham Gibbs (Bubnys & Zavadskienė, 2017). The
main intention was to establish a structure for learning from experiences. The model provides a
framework used to examine experiences and allow one to learn and plan from activities that went
well and those that did not. Therefore, it uses its cyclic nature to identify challenges experienced
while writing the proposal in assignment 1 to help plan for professional improvement.

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2 CHALLENGES ENCOUNTERED IN THE CONSTRUCTION OF EACH SECTION OF
THE PROPOSAL
The major problem encountered in proposal writing is inadequate knowledge of the
subject area, which, in this case, is cyber security (Ahmed & Mahboob, 2016). The problem of
insufficient knowledge in the subject area technically leads to a lack of confidence as well as
ideas to write. Writing the proposal made me realize that I am not well equipped with
information in the field of study since I experienced problems developing ideas and concepts.
Another challenge experienced was narrowing down to a specific area of focus and selecting a
topic that is not general since cyber security is a broad topic, and coming up with a research title
with a narrow scope proved to be hectic. While writing out the project background section, I
encountered problems with plagiarism. Writing the part required lots of data. Therefore, most of
the time, I was subjected to plagiarizing people's work instead of re-evaluating the various
studies to identify the data while paraphrasing and quoting their work. The act of plagiarism
leads to a lack of awareness in the research methodology (Borrego & Cutler, 2010). Besides the

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lack of research methodology awareness, I was also a victim of inadequate scientific training in
research methodology and therefore copied the methods of some of the previous studies. In the
literature review section, there was not much of the previous literature on global attacks
technique trends hence minimal access to the research needed. Therefore most of the reference
was made from websites and not from related studies. This was also due to the ignorance of the
means of searching for previously published articles from journals and databases (Ahmed &
Mahboob, 2016). Inadequate literature review, therefore, subsequently leads to difficulty in
constructing or coming up with the gap in the literature section (Borrego & Cutler, 2010). This is
because to identify the gap in pieces of literature; one should be able to review several of this
literature, if not all, of them. Another problem encountered is in identifying the specific scope of
the project. This is due to a mixed up on the level of areas to be covered in the research.
Additionally, a lack of knowledge of the criteria of choosing the most appropriate journal
that would publish the article leads to problems in constructing the section on the source and the
use of knowledge. There is a wide range of journals for publishing articles in cyber security, and
therefore I made a random selection.
3 CRITICAL DISCUSSION OF YOUR INTERACTION AND USE OF SUPPORT
TUTORS/PEERS/SUPERVISORS
There were several interactions with different people, the project supervisors, support
tutors, and peers during the proposal writing process. Before selecting a specific topic to conduct
research, it was essential to choose a good project supervisor to build a good working
relationship and increase the chances of success for the research project (Jafree et al., 2016). I
searched the university website and obtained the email addresses of the University lecturers in
the Department of Computer Science and engineering. From there, I emailed a potential

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supervisor for research opportunities in cyber security. It was essential to consider the critical
details in writing a formal email such as the formatting, contents, clear subject, and etiquette to
attract the attention of the supervisor as a potential research student (Jafree et al., 2016). It took
quite a while before I got feedback from the supervisor. Since they are always busy and there is a
possibility forgetting, I resend the email and obtain feedback with a range of topics from which I
made a selection while being keen to avoid possessing a similar problem to another peer. After
the topic selection, I scheduled a meeting with the supervisor for the topic's approval and from
where he gave out important guidelines in proposal writing. The meeting with the supervisor was
also a chance to assess if the topic I selected was the right choice for me by maintaining a keen
interest in scope. The supervisor made it clear that he is often busy, so we discussed how much
time he was willing to put in the research project while monitoring the progress. During the
meeting with the supervisor, I ensured I took down short notes of the points given, including the
research techniques for references later in the proposal writing process. Other meetings with the
supervisor were scheduled once every week to monitor the progress and advice accordingly. I
also made consultations with the additional support staff in case I needed clarifications in
different areas while comparing views of the lectures to come up with the best proposal. There
were also several interactions with my fellow students most of the time. After constructing each
section of the project, we compared our work with other peers to learn from others and correct
areas with errors. The interaction with peers helped boost my confidence with my work while
that with the supervisor helped build a working relationship.
4 CRITICAL DISCUSSION OF SKILLS REQUIRED /USED FOR SUCCESSFUL
CONSTRUCTION OF THE PROPOSAL
The primary ability needed to construct a research proposal is knowledge of the subject
area of research. Research is carried out to try to find solutions to a particular problem. Therefore

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one carrying out the study should be well equipped in the subject knowledge and understand the
basic concepts (Quinlan et al., 2019). Once a researcher has an understanding of the area of
research, he should now be in a position to communicate both in writing and speaking hence the
need for communication skills. Excellent communication skills allow a researcher to understand
the proposal's audience thoroughly and enable natural interaction between the writer and the
reader. A researcher should, therefore, use a user- friendly language while writing a proposal and
avoid using jargon, assuming that the users would know what they are talking about (Wysocki,
2011). Writing a project proposal also requires proper organizational skills; this is to allow
systematic progress throughout the stages of the proposal writing. A proposal requires a
particular organization, and therefore one needs to be equipped with the ability to organize work
appropriately. Additionally, a researcher should as well be equipped with knowledge about
formatting skills. Every research article, including proposals, should be formatted in one of the
many styles available. There are many formatting styles, including Chicago, APA, MLA, and
many others (Wysocki, 2011). To successfully write a project proposal, one should know at least
two formatting styles. Another significant skill necessary for proposal writing is research skills;
this skill involves locating different information sources and analyzing and evaluating them to
address a specific topic of study. Research should be carried using organized methods to answer
the research questions and therefore requires skills. Since research has the objective of solving
particular problems in an area of study, proposal writing also requires one to have problemsolving skills. The problem-solving abilities go handy with critical thinking to come up with a
solution to a problem.
Reading skills is also another essential aspect of proposal writing. This is because the
literature review section involves the reading of other researchers' articles to identify a gap in the

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research topic. Interpersonal skills and abilities should not as well be ignored because there is
also interaction with different people while writing proposals; hence an excellent way of relating
is significant (Quinlan et al., 2019). Writing a proposal also involves project planning and
scheduling and therefore requires good planning skills. With a proper work plan at the proposal
stage, a research study will be carried on time hence its effectiveness. This also brings up another
skill of time management because when a researcher becomes discipline in time management, it
will automatically eliminate las minute rushes and, hence, quality work.
5 CRITICAL DISCUSSION OF LESSONS LEARNT FROM THE PROCESS AND
STRATEGIES TO ADOPT TO MOVE FORWARD
5.1 Description
This is a reflection on an assignment of writing a research proposal on global attack
techniques and trends. The requirement was the content of a maximum size of between 2500 to
300 words following an outline provided. I was therefore tasked with researching a variety of
previous articles related to global attack techniques and trends on cybersecurity, develop a
theory, and come up with the proposal.
5.2 Feeling
I experienced a lot of tension since I thought I did not possess enough confidence in
knowledge in cybersecurity concepts to write a good paper that would help me attain good
grades.
5.3 Evaluation
This incident prompted several doubts and confusion about some aspects of
cybersecurity. I also lacked knowledge of research ethics, and professional issues lead to
difficulty identifying the issues while writing out my research proposal.

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5.4 Analysis
After evaluation, I realized that choosing a complex research topic is so engaging and might
complicate your research process since it would require an intense study to gain an
understanding.
5.5 Conclusion and Action plan
From experience, I decided that before reaching out to any supervisor, I would first
identify my research interests and goals of the research project. This practice will help draw a
clear focus on your research topic and the scope before seeking a second opinion (Cargill &
O'Connor, 2013). Also, I would select the academics within the institution, like research portals
relevant to your chosen topic.
6 SUMMARY
In conclusion, Gibbs's reflective cycle proves to be essential in learning from experience
strengths and weaknesses. However, any other reflective model is applicable and will still
enhance learning based on practice. After writing the reflection paper, I am confident that the
tension I experienced before will not be a setback on any other research activity assignment.

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Actions

Resourc
es
Require
d

Planned Planne
Start
d End
Date
Date

Actual
start
date

Actual
end
date

Evidence Revie
of
w
outcome date

Actions
followin
g
reviews

Career
or
Person
al Goal

Reflection
Skills used,
weaknesses
identified, lessons
learnt

Improve
Cognitive
Skills:
Critical
Analysis
and writing

Attend
workshops
on project
manageme
nt

Research
Skills:
Literature
Know...


Anonymous
Really useful study material!

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