De Anza College Cognitive Bias & Types of Amnesia Psychology Assessment

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De Anza College


1. Writing at least five (5) sentences, choose at least one cognitive bias and define and explain it. Give one example as well.

2. Compare and contrast the two primary types of Amnesia.

3.Describe a task or activity you do because of intrinsic motivation. And label your response like this:

1. How do you know it's intrinsically motivating? And:

2. How do you think extrinsic motivation for this activity (like being paid for it, or having it become an obligation) would affect your intrinsic interest? Would you be less intrinsically motivated, or would you be more motivated than ever?

4.Describe emotional intelligence, and describe in your own words why it might be a better way to judge "intelligence" in a person.

5.From Freud's theory of personality, define and describe two defense mechanisms, and give a thorough example of each one that you choose.

Can you label it like:





6.Briefly describe at least five (5) ways you can improve your memory, especially studying for exams and other schoolwork. THEN, indicate which one you will use to become a more effective student.

You can number your response 1 - 5, and put an *** or other indicator for the one strategy you will definitely try to use

7. What did you discover about yourself when you completed the assigned Big 5 Personality profile? Did it confirm your self-image? Was most of it close to correct? Or, did you think some part or all of the resulting profile was wrong or misleading?

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Explanation & Answer


1. Cognitive Bias
Cognitive bias refers to systematic errors associated with the processing and interpretation of
information and the surrounding that affect decisions and judgement. These errors are attributed to
the way the human mind collects, stores and retrieves information in a given scenario. Cognitive bias
could occur due to errors in memory. For instance, a person who may have experienced a

hurricane could quickly interpret a storm for a potential hurricane based on his or her memory.
Cognitive bias here occurs because the person relates the current event to one in the past without
looking at any other aspects that could separate the two.
2. Types of Amnesia
Anterograde and Retrograde amnesia are similar in the fact that they are both associated with the
loss of information or data processed by the brain. Both of these disorders are triggered by an
interference of the brain function following severe injury or disease.
Anterograde Amnesia

Retrograde Amnesia

It is when the person retains new information

It is when a person is unable to retrieve

but is unable to recall events that took place

information or memories of events that took


place in the past.

Caused by damage to the brain’s temporal

Retrograde amnesia is caused by damage of

lobes or mammillary bodies responsible for the

memory-storage areas in the brain.

transfer of information.
Triggered by severe head injury or surgery

Can be triggered by a traumatic injury, serious
illness or degenerative brain disease.

3. Intrinsic Motivation


My passion for photography comes from intrinsic mo...

This is great! Exactly what I wanted.


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