POL 201 Ashford University United States Payment Disparities Research Paper

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The Final Paper should utilize the POL201 Final Paper template and be at least six pages in length (not including title page and references) and based on your previously submitted assignments. It is important to utilize APA Style Elements (Links to an external site.) headings for major sections of your paper in order to ensure that the paper is easy to follow.

Scaffold your paper around the following outline:

  • Title page
  • Introduction (half page)
    • Describe the paper’s overall thesis.
    • Provide an overview of main points.
  • First Main Point (one to one and a half pages) describes the historical and Constitutional basis of American government’s structure and how this relates to the policy.
    • Describe the main point.
    • Support the main point with research.
  • Second Main Point (one to one and a half pages) explains how the policy is involved within the process of checks and balances.
    • Describe the main point.
    • Support the main point with research.
  • Third Main Point (one to one and a half pages) describes how the policy relates to public policy and elections and how the policy is portrayed by the media.
    • Describe the main point.
    • Support the main point with research.
  • Fourth Main Point (one to one and a half pages) explains how the policy impacts voting and the election process.
    • Describe the main point.
    • Support the main point with research.
  • Conclusion
    • Review your main points.
    • Review your overall thesis.
  • References page

The Final Paper Assignment

  • Must be at least six double-spaced pages in length (not including title and references pages) and formatted according to APA Style (Links to an external site.) as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center (Links to an external site.).
  • Must include a separate title page with the following:
    • Title of paper
    • Student’s name
    • Course name and number
    • Instructor’s name
    • Date submitted
  • Must use at least eight scholarly sources in addition to the course text. A minimum of five of the resources must be from peer-reviewed scholarly sources from the Ashford University Library.
  • Must document all sources in APA style.
  • Must include a separate references page that is formatted according to APA style.

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Explanation & Answer


Running head: POL201 FINAL PAPER


POL201 final paper
Your Name
POL 201 – American National Government
Ashford University
Instructor's Name
Month Day, Year



Payment disparities have been witnessed in various organizations within the United
States and across the globe. Most cultures degraded women and regarded them as inferior beings,
thus, subjected to poor pay and impartial work conditions. The Ledbetter act on equal pay
enacted by Congress in 2009. The bill was adopted following a Supreme court decision in a case
involving Ledbetter versus Good year tire company on payment disparities based on gender. The
victim lamented to the courts that the accused exercised pay disparities based on sex. She
concluded that women were paid less compared to men based on their sexual orientation. The
Supreme Court ruled that employees lose the right to sue their employers against unequal pay if
the claim is made later than six months after the organization adopts such strategies (EEOC,
2014). The act overhauled the decision of the court and focused on disclosing wage differences
to provide its basis in the constitution. The law prohibited gender-based segregation and passed
that the workforce should be equally paid for the same task involving similar skills, and
performed under uniform conditions.
Thesis statement
The focus of this final paper is to assess the background of advocacy for equal pay in the
United States, and how it implicated on voter opinion, and its effects in voting and the electoral
process in the country.
Historical and Constitutional Background
Federalism in the United States
Federalism is the method of power separation between the various state organs; it mainly
involves the separation of powers and authorities between the three arms of government. The



individuals who designed the U.S constitution were guided by the British administrative model
and the articles of confederation. It is a common practice that colonies adopt the governance
structures from their masters. However, the American system depicted a unique scenario.
According to the articles of confederation, the state or local governance was regarded as supreme
(Sorock, 2010). The confederation articles gave more powers to the state governance, while the
national government had to carry out duties assigned to it by the states (Mill, 1863). Thus, the
framers of the constitution saw a need to balance power such that there is a decentralization of
power from the national administration to the states. Federalism was a preferred system of
governance, the barriers that existed between the two levels, such that each has defined
responsibilities under the constitution. The division of power between the states and the federal
government was in place since the discovery of the Americas and became widespread after the
civil war.
Quest for equal pay

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