University of Phoenix Hinduism and Jainism Reflection Paper

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As you complete this assignment, consider the presence of these religions today. Complete an internet search, and see where any or all of these religions appear in news, film, arts, etc. Consider this information when working on this assignment.

Reflect on the readings and other outside sources for information on Hinduism, Jainism, and Sikhism.

Part 1

Write a 525- to 700-word paper that includes the following:

  • An overview of the history Hinduism
  • The importance and role of the sacred texts of Hinduism
Part 2

Select 2 of the following religions to compare:

  • Hinduism
  • Jainism
  • Sikhism

Write a minimum of 175 words about the 2 religions you want to compare, and do the following:

  • Describe 2 similarities.
  • Describe 2 differences.
  • Include the following in your comparison:
  • Rituals
  • Symbols
  • Holy days
  • Core beliefs
  • Explain the affects these religions have on society, including the present day.

Include APA-formatted citations and a references page.

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Explanation & Answer

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Running head: HINDUISM & JAINISM


Hinduism & Jainism
Student’s Name



Part 1
Many scholars consider Hinduism to have started approximately between 2300 and 1500
B.C. They believe the religion first began in Indus valley, which is in close proximity with the
modern-day Pakistan. Hindus, however, have a different belief; that their religion has always
been in existence, which makes their faith timeless. Approximately 95% of Hindus live in India.
Hinduism has a different approach of its foundation, which makes it different from other
religions. Hindus believe that they have no founder. Their religion is hence a coalition of several
beliefs. With their religion embracing different religious ideas, Hinduism can be referred to as a
family of religions or a way of life, and not a single, coordinated religion. Hindus are
henotheistic. They believe their creator God is Brahman, the ‘grandfather’. He is an equivalent of
Prajapati, the primal first god. Among the three great Hindu gods (Vishnu, Siva and Brahman),
Brahman is the supreme one. The Hindus, however, still acknowledge the other gods and
goddesses because they believe there are many ways with which they can get to their god
(Lochtefeld, 2001).
The Hindus also believe in the philosophy of Samsara (cyclic, circuitous change). They
believe that human beings are normally in a cycle of life, death and rebirth. They believe that
when someone dies their atman is normally reborn in dissimilar body. The rebirth of the atman is
normally determined by the bad or the good actions that the person did in the course of his/her
life, which could either lead into a negative or a positive merit. Once someone dies, Hindus
believe that the soul of the person is conveyed by an illusive body into a new physical body (can
be non-human or human, a divine being or an animal). In Hinduism, there is acknowledgement
of Karma. They believe that any good you do brings you beneficial effects in the future. Any



harmful actions you do, on the other hand, attract harmful effects in the future. This makes an
action and reaction effect in the life of the atman’s soul’ reincarnated life (Lochtefeld, 2001).

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