A discourse community is a group of people involved in communicating about a particular topic , issue or in a particular field .
Characteristic of a discourse community -
1) They have agreed to a set of common public goals -
A group of soldiers has a goal to protect an outpost, a group of pilots have a goal to fly and land every plane safely , a group of civil engineers have a goal to construct the road or building or bridge such that it meets the standards .
2) They have mechanisms for communication (interncommunkcation between members )
Anything that is needed or is needed to be told gets passed through messages , emails , chatting , blogs , sites etc . Meetings are arranged and gatherings are addressed .
3) A discourse community utilizes different types of genres or different methods of communication to furtherance of its aims . -
They may use graffiti or draw on roads , sidewalks . They may even use traditional or usual methods such as newspapers , magazines etc .
4) A discourse communitynwill consist of threshold level of members with suitable degree of relevant content and discourses expertise .
A discourses community consists of bother novices and experts in suitable levels , because if any one percentage is very less or does not exist then the community will cease to exist . Both newcomers and established ones needs to be there in healthy levels .