The article, “Issues and Guidelines in Modeling Decomposition of Minimum Participation in Entity-Relationship Diagrams,” presents arguments for the construction of tables involving entity relationships with minimum cardinalities of zero in such a way that the table designs minimize the occurrences of nulls in the data. That is, in a 1-to-1 relationship, it is generally understood that it does not matter which table receives the foreign key. In the article, however, when a minimum cardinality of zero exists, improper placement of the foreign key can result in excessive nulls.
It can be said that Christianity follows a 1-to-many (1-M) relationship in that one man (Jesus Christ) died for all humankind and that all are offered eternal life through this one man’s death upon the cross. Likewise, this relationship can be expressed with minimum cardinalities (1:1; 0:M) such that Christ is the only way to heaven (1:1) but that not all who are offered the chance of eternal life will accept the gracious and divine gift of salvation through Christ (0:M).
In at least 250 words, relate this article to a biblical scenario. Specifically, discuss one example of a biblical relationship, principle, or event in which a 1-to-many or many-to-many relationship exists with at least 1 cardinality of zero. Elaborate on the implications of this relationship. For example, in the above illustration, the minimum cardinality of zero from Christ to mankind means that not all who are offered the gift of salvation accept it. The minimum cardinality of one from mankind to Christ means that Jesus is the one and onlyway to eternal salvation.