(1) Consider virtue Ethics and its defense, as discussed in Chapter 3. The virtue ethicist
argues adamantly against the types of “moral-law” theory advocated by figures such a Kant.
Kant’s ethics is an extremely powerful theory, usually considered one of the most original
and brilliant ethical theories ever devised. How might Kant defend himself against the types
of issues raised against moral-law theory issued in chapter 3? (Hints: Think about the
notions of ‘autonomy’ and ethical independence discussed by both theories. How is Kant, as
discussed in the text, not blindly asking us to simply “follow” a manual for right conduct or a
simple decision procedure? Is Kant’s theory shallow in the ways that Virtue ethics typically
(2) Consider the film Boomerang!, (1947) by Elia Kazan. How does this film argue in favor of
Kantianism and radically against Utilitarianism? Consider the readings in our text. Use your
own mind to formulate a response.(Hints: Think about Kant’s view of persons and the respect
that we owe them as members of the moral community. Think of the accused man and the
district attorney's decision to defend him. What possible consequences might the district
attorney face by defending the innocence of the accused? Why would Kant recommend such
a defense? Why would Utilitarian recommend against such a defense.)
(3) Consider the film Detour (1945) by Edgar Ulmer. Is Al Roberts a victim of “moral luck” (--as
described in chapter 9 of our text--)? Are the arguments for moral luck strong or weak? Is
there any sense in which Moral Luck might be legitimate? How is it a threat to ethical
theorizing in general? (Hint: Think about the notion of moral responsibility and the conditions
that are typically required for full responsibility. Think of Al’s situation. How much is he
to “blame” for his predicament?)
The followings are short essays questions. Write at most 2 pages for each of them. If you are
using sources, you must cite them and include a Reference Page.
Session Topic: Market Globalism and Justice Globalism
1. Nike is known worldwide and its brand has gained great popularity as a commodity in the
fashion and sports industries. With its global success, we have learned that Nike, as
company and brand, has violated many people’s rights. Along with this, it has been part of
environmental issues. Use the concepts of Market Globalism and Justice Globalism to
explain how each of these ideologies are applied in Globalization and use advocacy
Session Topic: The Cultural Construction of Violent Conflict
1. Gender roles appear to be interrelated with the level of violence in a society. Explain how
they vary based on a society’s level of violence.
Date of Submission
Market Globalism and Justice Globalism
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