Humanities
Philosophy Study for Good Life and Happiness Essay

Question Description

I’m trying to study for my Philosophy course and I need some help to understand this question.

Reflection Essay

The paper, is to be submitted as a WORD Document and is supposed to be 10 full pages in length (text is 10 pages) minimum (typed, double space, 1 inch margins for each page: MLA or APA or Turabian format) will be your choice of ONE of the following topics For topics 1, 2, 3, 4: use this text as a reference if you choose topics 1-4). Also see: https://www.gradesaver.com/writing-help/apa-vs-mla-what-style-guide-do-i-use) CHOOSE ONE of the following topics:

1. Define and explain in detail, (using your own words and at least 3 quotes from the text) the meaning of the word LOGOS as found in the Presocratic thinker, Heraclitus (see chapter 3). See also: https://chs.harvard.edu/CHS/article/display/6638.17-the-heraclitean-logos

2. Please re-read Chapter 7. Please see: James Bond Stockdale’s The World of Epictetus (available here:

http://www.erhsnyc.org/ourpages/auto/2015/1/6/39010World%20of%20Epictetus-Stockdale.pdf) and answer: “How did Philosophy Save James Bond Stockdale’s Life?”

3. Compare and contrast the Socratic Intellectualism of Socrates (Ch. 4) to Aquinas’s theory of evil (Ch.8). Which of the two theories do you discover as more insightful and why…Define each and provide 3 highlight points from each theory in your argument.

4. Please answer: what if we were to replace Descartes’s “Cogito ergo sum” with “I love therefore, I am.” How would this change our worldview and influence our lives, i.e. promote human flourishing and advance human goodness in the world? Provide 3 highlight points from each theory in your argument.

5. Please research St. Anselm’s brief “Ontological Argument” for the existence of God (see Chs. 8 and 9). Is this argument proof enough for the existence of God? Why or Why not? Please be sure and compare Anselm’s proof to those 5 proofs given by St. Thomas Aquinas—found in Ch. 8 of our text.

6. How does the subject of Philosophy prepare one for the good life? Please see Aristotle’s definitions of the good and happiness (Ch. 6) and include commentary on career decisions, positive civic participation, and positive contributions to society, etc. Please use 2 other thinkers we studied this semester from our book/text for contrast and comparison.

7. What is the relationship between technology and philosophy? Please discuss the present (and forecasted) technological milieu and our participation in it. Please enlist the help of any 3 philosophers from our book. Please discuss the ethical dimensions of our thinking about technology as well as any political, economic, and societal issues.

NEED THIS BY JULY 8TH

TEXTBOOK: Archetypes of Wisdom an introduction to philosophy by Douglas J. Soccio 8th edition

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Running head: GOOD LIFE

Question 6: Good Life
Student’s Name
University

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Question 6: Good Life
Introduction

The classical Greeks defined virtue, or arête, as the excellence of function. They also
understood happiness in terms of ‘function.’ The classical Greeks believed that a ‘thing’ was
happy if it functioned fully, and well according to its nature (Soccio, 2015, p. 171). According to
Aristotle, a ‘thing’ is happy if it performs optimally and well according to its nature. Happiness
is the art of realizing or actualizing the function of a ‘thing.’ Aristotle also argues that happiness
is the quality of life here and now, and not something to later on in life (Soccio, 2015, p. 172). In
Aristotelian terms, a good life is the one providing an individual with all the necessary conditions
and opportunities to become him/herself fully (Soccio, 2015, p. 172). A good life is also the one
in which an individual has the character required to become him/herself fully. The purpose of
this paper is to evaluate how the subject of philosophy prepares one for a good life from an
Aristotelian perspective. It will be argued that the subject of philosophy defines happiness and
good life, as well as the measures individuals need to take to live happily.
How the Subject of Philosophy prepares one for the Good Life
Understanding what happiness entails is critical to preparing people for the good life. An
important observation that Aristotle made is that happiness involves an element of luck. For
example, a person who is brought up well from infancy is likely to be happier compared to the
one who is not (Soccio, 2015, p. 173). Aristotle’s view about the good life is essential because it
helps people to answer some of the difficult questions they ask about happiness. For instance,
numerous people wonder why they are not as happy as others are. Others wonder why some
people are endowed with too much wealth, good looks, or health that makes them happy, but the
majority do not have anything to take care of themselves. The understanding that happiness is

GOOD LIFE

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sometimes a matter of good luck can help people answer some of the challenging questions they
ask themselves. We can also extend the element of luck to see that we are not worse off in
everything. For example, a healthy poor person may be happier compared to a wealthy but
terminally-ill individual. The ‘luck’ factor may, thus, be one of the most useful Aristotle’s
contributions to how people can prepare for a good life.
The understanding that some of the things we experience in life are a matter of ‘luck’ is
critical to the preparation of a good life. If we believe in fate, we are likely to accept all the
things that happen to us in life. Although it is logical to try and overcome challenging situations,
accepting fate can help us avoid the anguish that comes when we face difficult situations. Luck
also involves some level of timing. In this regard, we may not be lucky today, but we may be
lucky tomorrow. Therefore, hoping that our fortunes will change in the future can play a vital
role in preparing us for a good life. Remaining optimistic that better things will come can help us
deal with current life challenges. For instance, an optimistic person will treat the existing
problems as a temporary condition, hoping for better fortunes tomorrow. Sometimes hope is the
only ‘thing’ we can cling on when we face difficult situations, as we anticipate to be lucky in the
future. As such, the element of luck, as advocated for in Aristotelian philosophy, can play a vital
role in preparing us for a good life.
Human beings are complex because they are comprised of three elements of soul, making
it possible to grow physically, intellectually, and emotionally, but still fail to realize entelechy.
The external circumsta...

ProfHenryM (16615)
Duke University

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