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Affirmative Action and Deontological Ethics
Within the context of deontological ethics, affirmative action is unfair. This paper shows
why this is the case through arguments based on deontology and affirmative action. Affirmative
action intends to provide the minority group in the society with more opportunities so that they
have equal opportunities as those in the majority. An example of affirmative action includes
giving focusing more on educating girls than boys in an attempt to achieve gender inequality.
Deontology, a normative ethical theory, on the other hand, suggests that actions of morality
showed be judged based on whether they are acceptable or unacceptable under particular rules,
instead of consequences of the action being the base. The primary purpose of this paper is to
judge whether affirmative action is right critically or not based on deontology or deontological
ethics. Hence the key question for this paper is, "Is affirmative action fair? Why or Why not?"
The PAPER Explains why some people may think affirmation is fair, while others may think that
it is unfair. The paper concludes by suggesting whether affirmative action should be rejected or
not. The thesis of this paper is; Affirmative action violates deontological rights and judges
something as fair or unfair based on the consequences which are against deontology that
considers rules much more important. Hence in the context of deontology, affirmation action is
As explained earlier, affirmative action aims to favor minorities to ensure they get equal
opportunities. Some critics argue that affirmative actions prevent discrimination based on creed,
color, race, gender, and national origin, among others. They focus on individuals who have
previously suffered inequality in areas such as housing, employment, and education, among
others. It involves coming up with policies that consider the minority when it comes to the
selection process. Some people consider affirmative actions as fair, while others view it as fair.
Distinct institutions have different views on what is entailed in affirmative action. For
example, how politicians would perceive it is not the same with how ho employers would
perceive it. Also, the judiciary has its point of view on affirmative action and has utilized this
view to make various rulings in court. (Glazer, 1999). Since Affirmative action is an ethical
issue, numerous questions ought to be raised questioning the fairness of affirmative action's
being employed in administrative systems. When questioning affirmative actions, the role of
diversity is an inevitable subject.
Some people believe that affirmative action is a good way to obtain and maintain
diversity in places of work and learning institutions. Hence, it can be argued that it helps to bring
up a tolerant society by exposing people to different cultures with unique characteristics different
from theirs. For example, if a school population entirely comprises of white students, allowing
for the admission of African students will assist the white students in knowing and get
introduced to know cultures that are unique from theirs. This opens desirable opportunities in
that learners will not only get to learn from books but also from each other because of diversity.
This way, they will get to understand Africans better and create a tolerant society (Bacchi, 2001).
What's more, the under-represented individuals in the process get better opportunities in return.
Furthermore, Counterbalance is initiated by affirmative action by reducing admission
standards for the less disadvantaged. (Lipset, 1992). It can be argued that affirmative action
creates an equal playing ground for every group; in that is, the disadvantages can access similar
opportunities as others, hence fair livelihood for everyone.
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