I’m studying for my Health & Medical class and need an explanation.
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Zoonotic or Vector-borne Diseases
Usually, animals offer benefits to humans. Several individuals tend to interact with different animals in their day-to-day lives (CDC, 2017). Animals offer foods, travel, fiber, sport, companionship, livelihoods, and education for persons internationally. In the U.S alone, millions of homes have at least one pet. Despite these merits of human-animal interactions, people often come into close contact with these animals during travel, in rural or urban setups, while undertaking outdoor tasks or visiting animal exhibits (CDC, 2017). As a result, animals might occasionally carry dangerous germs, which spread to individuals, causing diseases, commonly considered as zoonotic or even vector-borne diseases. Those harmful agents incorporate fungi, viruses, parasites, and bacteria. This prompt, thus primarily centers on these diseases, how they differ, and ways of preventing them through One Health Program.
This does not support clipboard so I've attached the picture for the "Animal-human interactions" below
How the Diseases Differ
First and foremost, there are factors associated with the variations in these human-animal diseases (CDC, 2017). Scientifically, zoonotic diseases might be vector-borne, while vector-borne diseases can be zoonotic. However, the difference in these diseases arises due to differences in the mode of causation and transmission. For example, some of these diseases get inflicted by pathogens transmitted amongst the humans and vertebrate reservoir through arthropod vectors, such as insects (flea or mosquito), or ticks (CDC, 2020). Others then get transmitted by pathogens to individuals through indirect (pet habitat, soil, plants, pet food, barns, and aquarium tan water) or direct (saliva, body fluids, feces and urine of the infected animal) contacts with associated vertebrate hosts minus involvement of any arthropod vectors (CDC, 2017). Other diseases get transmitted via the arthropod vector or any pathogen from person to person minus the participation of any non-human reservoir.
Emerging Vector-borne Disease in my Region
As a vector-borne disease, Lyme disease gets inflicted by the spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi and serves as a bacterial tick-borne disease (Costa, Carvalho-Pereira, Begon, Riley, & Childs, 2017). Discovered in the U.S in 1975, Lyme disease has increased in prevalence and incidence. Due to its causative agent, this disease has primary economic and public health effects. It is then transmitted via direct or indirect contact with the Ixodes ricinus compound hard ticks or even the deer tick found in soils, plants, or host animals (Costa et al., 2017).
How One Health Addresses the Issue of Lyme Disease
Most importantly, One Health is an international initiative associated with widening interdisciplinary communications and collaborations in every aspect of healthcare (CDC, 2020). It accelerates biomedical research inventions and improves clinical education and care to protect and then save countless lives. Therefore, like One Health transdisciplinary collaboration associated with addressing Lyme disease, there is an establishment of One Health Zoonotic Disease Prioritization process that tends to bring and join together representatives from different facets of life. They entail from an animal, human, and environmental healthcare sections and other appropriate partners to prioritize Lyme disease in the area. During the process execution in addressing Lyme disease, there is prioritizing Lyme disease as a severe concern in the locality (CDC, 2020). It also develops the next action plans and steps needed to address Lyme disease's priority in connection with the program's partners.
American Psychological Association. Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th Ed.). Washington, DC: Author.
CDC. (2017). One Health Basics. Zoonotic Diseases. Center for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved from: https://www.cdc.gov/onehealth/basics/zoonotic-diseases.html
CDC. (2020). One Health. Zoonotic Disease Prioritization. Center for Disease Control and Prevention. Available at: https://www.cdc.gov/onehealth/what-we-do/zoonotic-disease-prioritization/index.html
Costa, F., Carvalho-Pereira, T., Begon, M., Riley, L., & Childs, J. (2017). Zoonotic and vector-borne diseases in urban slums: opportunities for intervention. Trends in parasitology, 33(9), 660-662.
It is said that between 60 %- 75% of emerging infectious diseases in humans come from other animals. Why do you think we are seeing such a high percentage of emerging infections in humans from animals?
Respond to the question above in BOLD based on the three paragraphs ABOVE it after reading the attachment... in APA format with At least two references and a minimum of 200 words..... .(The List of References should not be included in the word count.)
- Validate an idea with your own experience.
- Make a suggestion.
Be sure to support your postings and responses with specific references to the Learning Resources.
It is important that you cover all the topics identified in the assignment. Covering the topic does not mean mentioning the topic BUT presenting an explanation from the context of ethics and the readings for this class
To get maximum points you need to follow the requirements listed for this assignments 1) look at the word/page limits 2) review and follow APA rules 3) create subheadings to identify the key sections you are presenting and 4) Free from typographical and sentence construction errors.
REMEMBER IN APA FORMAT JOURNAL TITLES AND VOLUME NUMBERS ARE ITALICIZED.