HIST 135 Simon Fraser University George Robert Twelves Hewes Memories Essay

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HIST 135

Simon Fraser University



Paper length should be 2-3 pages. MLA format. No use of outside sources/quotes.

Paper topic: Historian Alfred F. Young comes from a group of young historians who have felt that it is important to tell history not just from the point of view of those on top (Thomas Jefferson, for example) but from the view of those on the bottom. The now famous cobbler George Robert Twelves Hewes of Boston participated in an amazing amount of events that led up to the American Revolution. Canvas, Readings in American History # 1.

Like many others, Hewes was transformed by the times. His reasons for supporting and participating in the war had a far range, from the personal ones (British soldiers bothering Boston women) to what we might term ideological ones (no taxation without representation) that were broader in their political meaning and applied to everyone in the colonies. First, identify these two types of reasons, and support them with examples or events that led to them. Then, describe what you think it might have been that transformed Hewes - made him see the larger, ideological picture and rationale for the Revolution beyond his personal and perhaps local / town reasons. Do you think that Hewes was a "typical American colonist"? Do you think that conditions in Boston were the same as in other colonial cities? Finally, what do you think Hewes expected that the Revolution would bring to him both as an individual and as an American citizen?

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Additional Information About The Objective C Paper :

Read First! As the paper instructions indicate, the individual featured in the article is a cobbler, a lower middle class or upper lower class shop owner living in Boston during the volatile years just before the Revolution breaks out. The use of his perspective of what is transpiring is known as “history from the bottom up” as opposed to reading reflections on the same time and events by someone like the more famous John Adams, an upper class, wealthy citizen who was involved as well.Important ! Hewes has personal issues with the events of this time, particularly with British officials and soldiers. He is angry about what they are doing, so in some ways he sees these actual events and happenings as the fault of these people and perhaps remotely, the fault of a faraway British government that would put them into his beloved Boston city. BUT, somewhere along the way he begins to see the ideological issues (the larger collection of ideas and political theories) that are some of the driving reasons for the Revolution. Ideas that John Adams would have already been thinking about, but ones that take longer for the typical colonist to grasp, accept, and believe they had to fight for. So it’s one thing for Hewes to complain about soldiers not paying bills for shoe repair, another for him to start talking about and understanding the concept of actual representation (part of the idea of “no taxation without representation”).What do you need to be careful to do? Write about some of the personal issues that bothered Hewes, but really spend a fair amount of writing on the TRANSFORMATION of Hewes to an understanding of the larger ideological issues. How / when / why did this happen? Was it one event? A couple of events? Hanging out with some of Boston’s Revolutionary leaders? Knowing John Hancock? Participating in large crowd events? What do you think “triggered” this transformation in him?

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Surname 1
Student Name
Professor Name
History on Hewes George Twelve
Reasons for Hewes Thoughts
The British started to impress colonial service members into the British Navy forcefully.
When a considerable number of British soldiers were positioned in Boston, they were a steady
source of conflict with the locals. Hewes and his countrymen saw British officers and press
packs as an attack on their political freedoms. The British likewise attempted to confine the
frontier production of goods. The economy debilitated, and urban workers were hit particularly
hard. In the interim, off the clock, British officers contended with workers for employment.
George Hewes was informed by the history specialists of the Revolution, that a progression
of incitements had energized substantial biases, and aggravated the enthusiasm of the British
soldiery against his residents, past to the beginning of open threats. This had informed their
psyches about blasting out into demonstrations of viciousness. It ended in the shocking massacre
of some of Americans. Although the power which had been occasioned by the wanton massacre
of Americans had subsided in some measure, it was never doused until public threats started
(Young, 133). Hewes team had pronounced their freedom. Boston residents proceeded with
resolute in their interest that each British soldier ought to be pulled back from the town. Within
four days after the massacre, the entire armed force evacuated. I...

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