The Transition to Community Policing
Identify and explain three differences between
traditional and community policing philosophies. What historical perspectives
have influenced the transition from traditional policing to community policing
within many departments across the country? What impact did this transition
have with regard to law
enforcement administration and management?
The first difference to discuss is that in a
traditional policing concept, the police are not around until a crime is
committed and then the officers respond to apprehend the suspect or investigate
the crime itself. This is a reaction type of response instead of a
preventative response which is community policing. Community policing
puts the police department in the public and community and many times where
available, they have a beat or patrol that remains the same and keeps the same
officers in the neighborhood. This allows them to build relationships
with the community and make their presence known.
Traditional policing also handles crimes by themselves
as a department and community policing involves the community in the policing
activity. Not necessarily apprehending suspects or investigating calls
but programs such as neighborhood watch which allows the citizens to be
vigilant in their own neighborhood for criminal activity.
The final comparison is that traditional policing does
not take the community in account when decisions are made or when policy is
developed. Community policing allows input from the community and often a
board is created to work with city officials to get the community’s opinion so
they help develop and own the solution or new program.
Policing in the United States is once again undergoing
a period of rapid change in the wake of the terrorist attacks of September 11,
2001. While police departments across the United States have been implementing
the principles of community-oriented policing for nearly two decades, the
threat of terrorism and the concentrated efforts of Homeland Security have
forced the police to rethink their role (Oliver, 2008). After 9/11,
police departments had to change their method of policing to not only look out
for traditional criminals but now terrorists. This involved many training
programs and funding.
The affect on law enforcement and management was that
new programs had to be developed to handle the new threat and funding had to be
secured as well. The Federal government also became more involved in
local departments in items such as sharing data bases and information.
The local departments had to also reach into the community and gain their
support for the changes from traditional to community policing.
Oliver, W. (2008). Community Oriented Policing A
Sytematic Approach To Policing. New Jersey:
Pearson Education Company.
to the above discussion.
Oriented Policing is a program that made police officers to be integrated in
the public for better services delivery to the people they serve. According to
the article this is one of the solutions the department of police has developed
to serve its people in a better capacity. Initially, police community
relationship was not perfect since the community and the police department was
not working together. The police officers were not accepted in public
activities making their operations to be hindered. This article also explains the effect of the
community oriented policing. It states that the program brought a lot of
positive changes in police department and made them to be accepted in the
community. This program, after it was brought to the police officers, made them
to work efficiently and in a very easy way as compared to the time when
community oriented policing was not put in place. The article also explains the
effectiveness in the police department and to the community for example,
officers being accepted and involved in community activities. It has explained
how some philosophies had to be changed so as to implement the program in the
community for better services to the community.
article has given the duration when it was isolated from the community but it
has not indicated when the program was put in place. The article can basically
be considered to be good. It has explained how changes in philosophy happened
but has left out some aspects of duration or when these changes happened.
Finally, the article has not explained the way community took the program and
if the program is accepted by the community despite officers’ acceptance to the
community. Don't know where the A reference is put but I don’t know where reference is in my
response thanks please look over for me make any changes
Brown, L. P. (2012). Policing
in the 21st century: Community policing. Bloomington, IN: Authorhouse.