Morton College Chapter 8 Adult Development and Aging Summary

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Morton College


Chapter Eight Guided Reading Questions

  • Summarize the stereotypes of the elderly.
  • What effects do stereotypes have upon the elderly?
  • How does ones sense of self provide protective service to stereotypes?
  • How does social awareness influence an elderly person’s ability to think and evaluate? How does it influence in the immediate society.
  • How does an elderly use attributional biases in their current state of disposition?
  • Identify the ways an elderly attempt to maintain personal control and what strategies they may use to maintain their control
  • .Chapter Nine Guided Reading Questions 1. Identify dispositional traits. 2. Summarize the Big Five Factor Model of Personality. 3. What factors influence an individual’s ego development? 4. What are the two key points in Jung’s personality theory? 5. What is the premise of Erik Erikson’s psychosocial development theory? 6. What is meant by stagnation and generativity? Integrity and despair? 7. Summarize the narrative models and theories. 8. Why is spirituality and religion important at this stage of life? Chapter 10 Guided Reading Questions
    • What factors influence the mental health of the elderly?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of depression?
    • What are the causes of elderly depression?
    • What factors contribute to the development of delirium?
    • What factors contribute to the development of dementia?
    • Summarize the signs and symptoms of Alzheimer. Identify the progression of stages.
    • Identify the categories of Dementia.
    • Summarize the other types of mental health disorders that the elderly suffer from.
    • Chapter 11 Guided Reading Questions 1. What are the three themes in friendship during our later years? 2. How do friendships differ for women and men? 3. Identify Sternberg’s theory of love. 4. How does culture influence mate selection and abuse? 5. Identify the categories of abuse. 6. Describe the types of changes marriages go through. 7. Describe the benefits of grand parenting. 8. Identify the challenges associated with taking care of one’s parents.

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Adult Development and Aging




Adult Development and Aging
Chapter 8
Stereotypes of aging, especially in America, are usually negative. One of eh
stereotypes is that old age is a time of limited physical and mental ability. This stereotype is
such that the younger population views the elderly as limited in remembering things (memory
loss) and helping themselves perform even minor tasks. There is also the stereotype that older
people are over-dependent (Cavanaugh & Blanchard-Fields, 2015). While this is true,
according to research, it is important to remember that the elderly also serve important roles
in society and are not limited by their physical strength. It is also unfair to judge all the older
adults from that perspective. These stereotypes, no doubt, affect the health and wellness of
older adults.
One of the major effects is that older adults may be reluctant to seek medical
attention because they do not want to seem weak or incapacitated. This may lead to
deterioration of health until it is too late. The other effect is that there is reduced motivation
among the elderly to perform tasks where their help is needed. They may come up with
excuses for memory because they do not want to be stereotyped by younger people.
Consequently, there is a lack of important contributions that an older adult can make at work.
An older adult's sense of self ensures that the individual can offer to protect services
or themselves. It provides a deeper understanding of one's behavior among various people
and therefore helps avoid being around negativity that would contribute to the eruption of a
sense of self-doubt (Cavanaugh & Blanchard-Fields, 2015). Thus...

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