There are separate accounts for each asset, each liability and each equity item. Accounts have account title and a reference number unique to them.
Journal entry is an entry to the journal. Journal is a record that keeps accounting transactions in chronological order, Ledger is a record that keeps accounting transactions by accounts. Account is a unit to record and summarize accounting transactions.
The journal makes three significant contributions to the recording process:
The journal discloses in one place the complete effect of a transaction.The journal provides a chronological record of transactions.The journal helps prevent or locate errors because the debit and credit amounts for each entry can be readily compared.