GOVT 340 George Mason University Central Asia Essay

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GOVT 340

George Mason University

GOVT

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please read the word document carefully for instructions. At the bottom of the page, I include video lectures for help.

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There is no minimum – or maximum – word count for your essays. Read the questions carefully and make sure to answer EVERY element of the questions. Keep in mind that these are essays as well – you will be graded on organization as well as content Choose any four questions to answer 1. We have discussed a variety of ways people identify themselves – be this clan, ethnicity, national identity, religion, or the like. Pick TWO forms of identity and compare and contrast their effect in Central Asia. 2. What is the transition paradigm? How does it apply to Central Asia? 3. Compare and contrast the responses of TWO Central Asian states to Islam and radical Islam. Make sure to include: a. What assumptions guide their policies b. Whether these assumptions reflect reality c. How the international community has shaped their approach 4. Comparing and contrasting TWO Central Asian states, how have customary and local forms of governance competed with the national governments for influence? How has the state responded? 5. How did the policies of the Soviet Union reshape Central Asia? Why did the USSR pursue such policies? 6. Though all located in Central Asia, the states have followed very different paths toward economic development. Compare and contrast how TWO states have differed across the following: a. Experiences during the post-Soviet economic transition b. Access to natural resources c. The Urban/rural divide d. Openness to the international economy Must answer: 7. What was the last major empire to come out of Central Asia? 8. Which Central Asia state reports the highest percentage of practicing Muslims? Must answer 6 questions in total Sources that may help you: Lecture 1: Introduction https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6gW3FvrfRFM lecture 2: Historical Context https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zXA74bEOYAQ lecture 3: Authoritarianism, Democratization, and Post-Soviet Politics https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YARc-IxPWL4 Lecture 4: Ethnicity, Nationalism, and Conflict https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mdc4hFZIcys lecture 5: The Economics of the Post-Soviet Transition https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6UoWeLpmHuc lecture 6: Institutions and Informal Politics https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rat0n-ntGI4
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Running head: CENTRAL ASIA

1

Central Asia
Student’s Name
Institution’s Name

CENTRAL ASIA

2
Central Asia

We have discussed a variety of ways people identify themselves – be this clan, ethnicity,
national identity, religion, or the like. Pick TWO forms of identification and compare and
contrast their effect in Central Asia.
Religion and ethnicity are examples of identity which defined the Central Asians. In
Central Asia, there are two significant categories of Islam which involve Sunni and Shia. The
two types of Islamic religion differ slightly in terms of who they believe. Here, the Sunni Islam
believes that Abu Bakr, the prophet Mohammad’s companion is his true successor. On the other
hand, the Shia Islam holds that prophet Mohammad’s cousin and son-in-law, Ali, is the true
successor and first Caliph. Ethnicity is another identity that defined various groups in Central
Asia. Central Asia is made up of heterogeneous societies; the impact of continued
impoverishment on inter-ethnic is likely not to be favorable since poverty is rarely spread. For
example, Northern Kazakhstan is highly concentrated in higher-paid jobs and urban areas
compared to the Russians. Thus, the division in the Islamic region and ethnicity identifies
different groups of Central Asians.
What is the transition paradigm? How does it apply...


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