Post Modern Anthropology Culture Customs and Ideas Question Worksheet

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QUESTION 1 1. Post-modern anthropology: explains that cultural achievements in the Americas, Africa, and Australia must have been accomplished by previous European visitors is considered a purely objective scientific approach argues for cultures to be studied from several perspectives to reduce individual researcher bias attempts to construct a grand unifying mathematical law that explains all human cultures focuses specifically on the development of modern technology 1 points QUESTION 2 1. The attitude that a culture's customs and ideas should be viewed in the context of its own values is called: cultural relativism logic rational ethnocentrism holism 1 points QUESTION 3 1. Traditional cultures that believe the world is inhabited with impersonal supernatural forces practice what type of religious system? Animism Polytheism Monotheism all of the above none of the above 1 points QUESTION 4 1. Dancing into a frenzy, singing with fervor, speaking in tongues, and other forms of heightened performance can bring on a feeling of ________. exhortation sorcery mana witchcraft hallucination 1 points QUESTION 5 1. The subfield of anthropology that does cross cultural comparisons of a particular cultural practice, like marriage ceremonies or kinship titles is ___________. Applied Anthropology Archaeology Biological Anthropology Cultural Anthropology Linguistics 1 points QUESTION 6 1. Sleeping with your textbook under your pillow in hopes that the information will be transferred into your mind for when you take the exam is considered an act of: witchcraft sorcery imitative magic contagious magic good study habits 1 points QUESTION 7 1. The idea that all people eventually pass through the same stages of evolution (as argued by Social Darwinist Henry Morgan) can generally be called: psychic unity hermeneutical reasoning unilineal evolution biological determinism dialectic 1 points QUESTION 8 1. The meaning or reason behind the things a person says, like using an insult as a sign of affection, is called: metamessaging code switching syntax creole grammar 1 points QUESTION 9 1. Buddhists tend to access the supernatural through which type of principle cult pattern? individualistic shamanistic communal ecclesiastical ancestor 1 points QUESTION 10 1. Religions that invoke the supernatural through communal cults, like those common in traditional African religions, are most easily identified by their ____________. required pilgrimages to far away holy sites adherents to strict interpretations of laws written in their religious texts elaborate rite of passage rituals that involve community participation reliance on passing around containers for collecting prestigious items as personal sacrifices use of wearing masks to prevent the spread of "invisible" spirits that cause illness 1 points QUESTION 11 1. Despite many differences in details, all cultures share a number of social features (or cultural universals) that can be categorized into: politics and group decisions expression and communication a system of belief or world-view all of the above none of the above 1 points QUESTION 12 1. The word khipu, an Inca word from the Andes region of South America, refers to a __________. trade language that emerged in Papua New Guinea method of recording the seasons so that rituals could be performed regularly female form of writing in Japanese literature method of record keeping without the use of writing conversations that centered around concerns of body image and weight 1 points QUESTION 13 1. The phrase "diseases of development" refers to health problems __________. related to adolescence as a stressful phase of human development caused by economic development activities such as dam construction that international aid agencies seek to prevent or alleviate found mainly in urban areas that only occur during childhood 1 points QUESTION 14 1. Trying to operate in an unfamiliar culture: often leads to the experience of culture shock is never difficult for an educated person is easy if you have read a book about that culture can lead to difficulty communicating but not lead to psychological distress is impossible 1 points QUESTION 15 1. Praying, as a way of petitioning the intervention of supernatural forces, is a form of which ritual practice? syncretism revitalization re-aggregation magic sorcery 1 points QUESTION 16 1. Hierarchical city-states that personify regional deities as sentient beings with human-like personalities typically have what type of religious system? Animism Animatism Ancestor cults Polytheism Monotheism 1 points QUESTION 17 1. What anthropological field method did Bronislaw Malinowski and other ethnographers popularize for Cultural Anthropology? interviewing participant-observation census excavation forensics 1 points QUESTION 18 1. The intentional diversion or subversion of meaning in language, such as occurs with slang, parody, or sarcasm indicates a type of verbal agency called: sing-song registers free morphemes prevarication bound morpheme 1 points QUESTION 19 1. The academic tradition that focuses on studies of inequality, ideology, and power— especially how those with social power use it to maintain or convert it into physical power—is called: historical particularism functionalism structuralism structural-functionalism neo-Marxism 1 points QUESTION 20 1. The claim that a person's language has an effect on the way a person perceives the world and can even help to shape thoughts is called __________. generative discourse sociolinguistics Sapir–Whorf hypothesis cultural materialism common sense 1 points QUESTION 21 1. Magic is __________. no longer practiced in any society more associated with horticultural societies than agricultural societies more associated with male gender roles in religion than female gender roles most likely to be practiced in situations of uncertainty only prestidigitation—"sleight of hand" tricks like Houdini or David Copperfield 1 points QUESTION 22 1. Sound units composed into meaning in a language are referred to as __________. sonics phonics phonemes grammar/syntax morphemes 1 points QUESTION 23 1. The subfield of Anthropology that focuses on contemporary cultures and/or micro(sub)cultures is _______. Applied Anthropology Archaeology Biological Anthropology Cultural Anthropology Linguistics 1 points QUESTION 24 1. The current distribution of Bantu languages is related to __________. recent pan-African identity movements that sought to revitalize the Bantu language the introduction of new media technology to developing nations migrations of Proto-Bantu-speaking farmers who expanded into different regions of Africa 8,000 years ago British colonial influence that encouraged the blending of English with indigenous African languages none of the above 1 points QUESTION 25 1. A common trend among gendered English speech in the United States is __________. women's tendency to lower their intonation at the end of a sentence men's tendency to speak more formally and politely women's greater use of tag questions and raised intonation at the end of a sentence women's more frequent use of eye contact men's tendency to be patient and allow others to complete their speech before they offer ideas 1 points QUESTION 26 1. One thing that all languages have is __________. the same sounds that all humans are capable of making grammar/syntax comparable vocabulary words for the same things and ideas a shared origin from sanskrit writing 1 points QUESTION 27 1. German and British Anthropologists of the early 20th century both justified their ethnocentric viewpoints by arguing that: the particular history of a culture is the major reason for cultural superiority different levels of cultural borrowing and inheritance (diffusion) among territories is the reason for cultural superiority environmental adaptations necessary for survival is the reason for cultural superiority the mastery of scientific thinking and rationale is the reason for cultural superiority Technology has no effect on cultural superiority 1 points QUESTION 28 1. All subfields of Anthropology have in common the study of: race language humanity artifacts religion 1 points QUESTION 29 1. A shaman is: a third gender role someone called upon when needed for their believed ability to tap into the supernatural someone who is insane and out of touch with reality a full-time religious specialist who regularly conducts supernatural rituals at specific intervals a trickster that gets people high on hallucinogenic drugs to take their money 1 points QUESTION 30 1. Vocal language is actually __________. human communication based on a consistent set of visual symbols given learned and shared meanings human communication based on an arbitrary set of symbolic sounds given learned systematic and shared meanings human communication based on a universal set (used by all cultures) of symbolic sounds given learned and universally shared meanings human communication based on a closed set of visual symbols with innate (natural) meanings human communication based on a closed set of symbolic sounds with innate (natural) meanings 1 points QUESTION 31 1. An anthropologist studying the language of an isolated culture learns that they have no words indicating the passage of time between past, present, and future. This suggests the culture makes less use of language's ability for __________. productivity phonemes displacement grammar gestures 1 points QUESTION 32 1. Culture shock includes the following symptom(s): a sense of confidence about the proper way to behave a loss of self-esteem a sense of being accepted by members of the other culture a feeling of having total control over the situation a feeling that the community's culture is far superior to the anthropologist's 1 points QUESTION 33 1. The primary aim of the "etic" approach is to: understand a culture from simply reading about them and looking at pictures push views of inferiority to marginalized groups that have been colonized to draw conclusions about a culture from the material artifacts that still remain understand, identify, and eliminate the biases of the researcher describe a culture in terms of research categories so that cross-cultural comparisons can be made 1 points QUESTION 34 1. Critical discourse analysis of kogals in Japan demonstrate how __________. young women use language influenced from Japanese animation to express imaginative and futuristic utopian/dystopian concerns men use language influenced from Hollywood films and movies, indicating the effects of globalism the LGBTQ community in Japan reverse the roles of gendered to ridicule and invert traditional "gendered" speech roles elderly women use language influenced from the past to revitalize traditional Japanese "submissive" roles young women use language influenced from western slang and feminism to express rebellion against women's traditional Japanese "submissive" speech roles 1 points QUESTION 35 1. A "contact" language that develops in first-generation peoples living at the boundary of two different language regions is called a __________. paralanguage dialect pidgin creole slang 1 points QUESTION 36 1. Traditional cultures that respect their elders as decision-makers of society typically have what type of religious system? Animism Animatism Ancestor cults Polytheism Shamanic 1 points QUESTION 37 1. Myths provide all of the following cultural benefits EXCEPT for? nonsensical stories that only entertain and amuse children mnemonic ways to maintain and obscure sacred knowledge provide examples of social roles and admirable cultural traits establishing origin stories that help explain why the world is as it is provide a way to cope with the unknown or mysterious 1 points QUESTION 38 1. How did 19th century Social Darwinists misapply the concept of culture? They considered culture to be a learned behavior They considered evolutionary "progress" to be evident from specific cultural achievements They considered culture to be a genetic mutation They considered culture to be not important They considered culture to be nonexistent 1 points QUESTION 39 1. From the video Feral Children, what was considered "The Forbidden Experiment"? breeding a human with a chimpanzee to create a humanzee taking a wild animal at birth and raising it in a human family to see what role culture plays taking a child at birth and deprive it of any human contact to see what role culture plays teaching Vervet monkeys to eat with utensils and drink from a cup Abandoning a group of children on an island to see which one emerges as the "Lord of the Flies" 1 points QUESTION 40 1. Religions tend to undergo fundamentalist movements ___________? for economic advantage when integrating old with new religious practices when a tragic accidental death occurs during a rite of passage ceremony typically as a response to rapid culture change when their followers start to doubt the validity of their beliefs
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Explanation & Answer

Find attached

QUESTION 1

1. Post-modern anthropology:
explains that cultural achievements in the Americas, Africa, and Australia must
have been accomplished by previous European visitors
is considered a purely objective scientific approach
argues for cultures to be studied from several perspectives to reduce individual
researcher bias
attempts to construct a grand unifying mathematical law that explains all human
cultures
focuses specifically on the development of modern technology
1 points

QUESTION 2

1. The attitude that a culture's customs and ideas should be viewed in the context of its
own values is called:
cultural relativism
logic
rational
ethnocentrism
holism
1 points

QUESTION 3

1. Traditional cultures that believe the world is inhabited with impersonal supernatural
forces practice what type of religious system?
Animism
Polytheism
Monotheism
all of the above
none of the above
1 points

QUESTION 4

1. Dancing into a frenzy, singing with fervor, speaking in tongues, and other forms of
heightened performance can bring on a feeling of ________.
exhortation
sorcery
mana
witchcraft
hallucination

1 points

QUESTION 5

1. The subfield of anthropology that does cross cultural comparisons of a particular cultural
practice, like marriage ceremonies or kinship titles is ___________.
Applied Anthropology
Archaeology
Biological Anthropology
Cultural Anthropology
Linguistics
1 points

QUESTION 6

1. Sleeping with your textbook under your pillow in hopes that the information will be
transferred into your mind for when you take the exam is considered an act of:
witchcraft
sorcery
imitative magic
contagious magic
good study habits
1 points

QUESTION 7

1. The idea that all people eventually pass through the same stages of evolution (as
argued by Social Darwinist Henry Morgan) can generally be called:
psychic unity
hermeneutical reasoning
unilineal evolution
biological determinism
dialectic
1 points

QUESTION 8

1. The meaning or reason behind the things a person says, like using an insult as a sign of
affection, is called:
metamessaging
code switching
syntax
creole
grammar

1 points

QUESTION 9

1. Buddhists tend to access the supernatural through which type of principle cult pattern?
individualistic
shamanistic
communal
ecclesiastical
ancestor
1 points

QUESTION 10

1. Religions that invoke the supernatural through communal cults, like those common in
traditional African religions, are most easily identified by their ____________.
required pilgrimages to far away holy sites
adherents to strict interpretations of laws written in their religious texts
elaborate rite of passage...


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