Need a 500 word essay on links below. instructions provided

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  1. Read “Should Cross Burnings be Protected as a Form of Free Speech?” (, and address the elements listed below.
    1. Summarize the decision of the U.S. Supreme Court in both of the cases that are excerpted in the handout. In a few words, explain why the court in R.A.V. v. City of St. Paul overturned the decision of the Minnesota Supreme Court. Explain why the court upheld the Virginia statute in Virginia v. Black.
    2. In Virginia v. Black, what did the court mean when it held that "just as any state may regulate only that obscenity which is the most obscene due to its prurient content, so too may a state choose to prohibit only those forms of intimidation that are most likely to inspire fear of bodily harm"? 250 word minimum
  2. Read “Does the Sending of Obscene Material Over the Internet Constitute the Transportation of Obscene Material in Interstate Commerce?” ( , and address the questions below.
    1. Do you agree that the statute in question applies to computer-generated and computer-transmitted information?
    2. Should the government be required to present expert witnesses to establish that the material in question is obscene? Is this a question that a jury can decide on its own? How are jury members aware of "community standards"?
    3. If the community standards are different in Milpitas, California, from those of Memphis, Tennessee, why should the defendants be held accountable for the standards in Memphis and not those in the location where the material was transmitted?
    4. Are you satisfied with the test for obscenity? In what manner, if any, would you change the standard? 250 word minimum

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Explanation & Answer


Running head: CASE SUMMARIES


Case summaries
Student’s Name



In R.A.V. v. City of St. Paul, The Supreme Court of the America sustained that an
ordinance that prohibited “fighting words” which were racially stirred was unconstitutional
underneath the First Amendment ( The decision upturned the conviction of the
claimant by the Supreme Court of Minnesota for scorching a cross on the turf of an African
American household. The Court asserted that confining particular classes of speech, explicitly
defamation, obscenity, and fighting words, was permissible underneath the constitution though
not if that constraint is founded on content or intimidates the ideas censorship. Within Virginia v.
Black, the Supreme Court sustained a Virginia decree making it unlawful to sc...

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