BUS I750 Liberty Keller and Cultivation and Service Intent of Work Reflection and Synthesis Paper

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Business Finance

BUS I750

Liberty University



1.What does Keller mean when he claims that work is intended for both “cultivation” and for “service?” Why are both purposes critical for us to consider as Christian business practitioners and academics? Especially relative to HR?

2.Hardy provides a quote from the Apocrypha (Ecclesiaticus or Sirach 38:34, NOT canonized as part of the protestant Bible) as introductory to his book, and the title of his book is pulled directly from this quote. How does this quote, along with Genesis 1:27-28 from the protestant Bible, provoke Christian worldview thinking regarding HR as a key focus for any business organization?

3.Analyze and assess 2 or 3 differences between a traditional/administrative view of HR and a contemporary/strategic view of HR. How does Christian worldview thinking apply here?

4.Delineate 3 or 4 key ways that Equal Employment Opportunity and Labor/Union Management statutes (Valentine chapters 3 and 15) inform HR practice. How does Christian worldview illumine both the inherent “righteousness” of, and the pragmatic “necessity” of, EEO and labor/Union Management statutes?

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Explanation & Answer




Application, Reflection, and Synthesis Paper

Institution Affiliation




Keller and the “Cultivation” and “Service” Intent of Work
In his book “Every Good Endeavor: Connecting Your Work to God’s Work,” Keller
argues that the purpose of work for Christians is “Cultivation” and “Service” (Keller, 2012). The
term cultivation is used in Keller's context to refer to growing and developing God's creation on
earth. Keller argues that God created the world with a lot of potential for cultivation and human
beings have the power to grow and develop the creation through their labor (Keller, 2012). By
describing work as "cultivation," Keller means that one goal is to continue doing God's work of
creation (Keller, 2012). Humans continue God's work through growing plants, rearing animals,
and serving fellow human beings in different ways that generate value for those serving.
The term service refers to the action of doing work for another person or helping others.
Keller argues that another important function of work is to serve God and other human beings.
The author observes that some people who work in professions that are not closely related to
Christianity, like finance, sales, and public finance, are aware that their jobs can be leveraged to
serve God and fellow human beings (Keller, 2012). The money generated from a finance
profession, for example, can help serve people by providing income to the people involved. The
money can also help serve God in the form of contributions to help further God's work.
A Christian business practitioner and academic needs to consider Keller’s view of work
as intended for “cultivation” and “service” for several reasons. One reason is that, from a
Christian perspective, the view is true. Christian teachings support Keller’s conclusions
regarding work. The second reason is that Keller’s view helps offer a great perspective regarding
work. The view that work is something that people perform for mere survival is grim. However,
the view that work is meant for “cultivation” and “service” imbues a higher purpose to work.



The view of work as “cultivation” and “service” is also critical to human Resources
professionals. HR professionals have to motivate employees to work hard to achieve set goals.
One ...

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