animals can often be used within various psychological studies to test their behavior, which can then be compared to potential or actual human responses e.g. Skinner's mice experiment tested the theory of operant conditioning which depicted that rewards and punishments can influence positive/negative behaviors. Another example is Pavlov's dogs and the principle of classical conditioning which suggests associations are made between stimuli, which in turn creates a response e.g. unconditioned stimulus + unconditioned response --> eventually allows a conditioned stimulus + conditioned response
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