The Church Patronage (Scotland) Act 1711 or Patronage Act is
an Act of
the Parliament of
Great Britain (10 Ann. C A P. XII). The long title of the act is An Act to restore the Patrons to their
ancient Rights of presenting Ministers to the Churches vacant in that Part of
Great Britain called Scotland. Its purpose was to allow the
noble and other Patrons in Scotland to gain control over the Church of Scotland
parish churches again, having lost that
custom in the so-called Glorious Revolution.
Since the late eighteenth century, the High Renaissance has been taken to
refer to a short (c. 30-year) period of exceptional artistic production in the
Italian states, principally Rome, capital of the Papal States, under Pope Julius II. Assertions about where and when
the period begins and ends vary, but in general the best-known exponents of
painting of the High Renaissance, include Leonardo da Vinci, early Michelangelo and Raphael. Extending the general rubric of Renaissance culture, the visual arts of
the High Renaissance were marked by a renewed emphasis upon the classical
tradition, the expansion of networks of patronage, and a gradual attenuation of
figural forms into the style later termed Mannerism.
High Renaissance style in architecture conventionally begins with Donato Bramante, whose Tempietto at S. Pietro in Montorio at Rome
was begun in 1510. The Tempietto, signifies a full-scale revival of ancient Roman commemorative
architecture. David Watkin writes that the Tempietto, like Raphael's
works in the Vatican (1509–11), "is an attempt at reconciling Christian
and humanist ideals".
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