Since the late eighteenth century, the High Renaissance has been taken to
refer to a short (c. 30-year) period of exceptional artistic production in the
Italian states, principally Rome, capital of the Papal States, under Pope Julius II. Assertions about where and when
the period begins and ends vary, but in general the best-known exponents of
painting of the High Renaissance, include Leonardo da Vinci, early Michelangelo and Raphael. Extending the general rubric of Renaissance culture, the visual arts of
the High Renaissance were marked by a renewed emphasis upon the classical
tradition, the expansion of networks of patronage, and a gradual attenuation of
figural forms into the style later termed Mannerism.
High Renaissance style in architecture conventionally begins with Donato Bramante, whose Tempietto at S. Pietro in Montorio at Rome
was begun in 1510. The Tempietto, signifies a full-scale revival of ancient Roman commemorative
architecture. David Watkin writes that the Tempietto, like Raphael's
works in the Vatican (1509–11), "is an attempt at reconciling Christian
and humanist ideals".
Sep 12th, 2014
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