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Sep 16th, 2014
Sigchi4life
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Question description

Required Text

Oliver, W. (2008). Community-oriented policing: A systematic approach to policing (4th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education, Inc. ISBN 13: 978-0-13-158987-2

  1. In order to successfully complete this week’s assignments, read the following chapters from the text, Community-Oriented Policing: A Systematic Approach to Policing:
  • Chapter Seven  – Organization and Management
  • Chapter Eight – The Role of the Police
  • Chapter Nine – The role of the Community

Maximizing Community Involvement


In reviewing “Community Involvement: The Ultimate Force Multiplier,” thoroughly discuss and explain three areas where community involvement has been identified as the key to the success of the department or agency. In your opinion, what is the key component in securing the desired level of commitment from the community? Why?  

Your initial response should be 250-300 words in length. Please support your claims with examples from the text and/or scholarly articles.

Article citation

Gaylord, A. (2008, April). Community involvement: The ultimate force multiplier. FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin, 77(4), 16-17. doi: 1472519861

16 / FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin

he events of September 11, 2001, dramati-

cally changed the way Americans live. It

Community Involvement

The Ultimate Force Multiplier

By Arlene A. Gaylord, M.A.

Perspective

San Diego’s Initiative

The FBI’s San Diego offi

ce has made build-

ing law enforcement-community partnerships a

cornerstone in its investigative and preventative

counterterrorism efforts. Since April 2004, the

offi

ce has offered a training program for citizens.

It has shared a 1½-hour course with community

forums, private companies, and Neighborhood

W

atch groups throughout San Diego County and

several other neighboring jurisdictions. The prem-

ise of this training is simple: a brief overview of

terrorism that teaches community members not

only how to recognize preincident indicators (PIIs)

and suspicious activity but also how to provide an

accurate report to the appropriate law enforcement

agency in a timely fashion.

To

help other law enforcement organizations

develop a similar effort, the author presents the

formula that has proven successful in San Diego.

T

also drastically altered how law enforcement

organizations conduct business. Since that tragic

day, local, state, federal, and tribal agencies have

worked and trained together, having recognized

the major shift in the roles and responsibilities

of the law enforcement profession throughout

the United States. Now that law enforcement of-

fi

cers have received terrorism training, they need

to share this knowledge with the members of the

communities they protect and serve. Educating the

public to recognize suspicious activities that could

possibly relate to terrorism may well comprise

the ultimate force multiplier. After all, no locality

has the luxury of having an offi

cer on every street

corner. Therefore, involving citizens is essential

to effectively combat terrorism. Who better than

someone living in a neighborhood or working in a

business district to recognize what truly is happen-

ing in that area?

As an example, Neighborhood Watch pro-

grams have succeeded in making many communi-

ties across the nation safer.

1

The program enlists

the active participation of citizens in cooperation

with the agencies that police them in an effort to

reduce crime. This time-tested formula has proven

instrumental in ridding neighborhoods of different

types of crime problems, such as gangs, prostitu-

tion, and drugs. This concept could be expanded

to include offering appropriate training regarding

terrorism and, thereby, equipping residents with

the knowledge necessary to effectively identify

suspicious activities that possibly could relate to

terrorism.

Ms. Gaylord serves as

an intelligence analyst

in the FBI’s San Diego,

California, offi ce.

66719x.indd 16

66719x.indd 16

3/13/2008 12:13:48 PM

3/13/2008 12:13:48 PM

April 2008 / 17

First, agencies should identify employees who not

only care greatly about educating the community

but also have established themselves as effective

trainers. Next, they should arm these individuals

with the knowledge needed and give them suffi

-

cient time to go out into the community and teach

a basic overview course on terrorism. Although

specifi

c items to cover in this training can vary by

jurisdiction, four basic compo-

nents have worked effectively

in San Diego.

1) A brief historical overview

of terrorism, both interna-

tional and domestic

2) A review of terrorism PIIs

that members of the

community may be in the

position to observe

3) A discussion on the impor-

tance of providing infor-

mation that not only is

accurate but also timely

4) An explanation of appropriate reporting pro-

cedures, including instructions on who should

receive the information

This type of training requires few resources.

Most of all, it needs instructors who feel passion-

ately about building law enforcement-community

partnerships and who are approachable, knowl-

edgeable, and enthusiastic about the subject. Who

should receive the training will depend on the

jurisdiction. For example, San Diego has offered

the training to community groups that request

it and has proactively contacted special interest

groups, such as shopping mall security companies

(supplying training specifi

c to basic terrorism and

suicide-bomber prevention) and businesses that

provide security services to construction sites

(conducting training regarding recent arson tactics

used by domestic terrorists against construction

sites).

Agencies lacking enough sworn personnel to

cover the time necessary to address community

groups can turn to professional support employees

or volunteers who have the appropriate skills and

knowledge to provide this critical training. To

this end, the California Commission on Peace Of-

fi

cer Standards and Training

developed a train-the-trainer

class and offered it to inter-

ested individuals, including

terrorism liaison and commu-

nity services offi

cers and other

employees nominated by their

departments.

Conclusion

It is time to include the

community in law enforce-

ment’s battle against the threat

of terrorism. The profession

must work to train residents to

become its eyes and ears because offi

cers simply

cannot do it alone. Citizens need to know what to

look for and how to effectively report it to the ap-

propriate agency.

Building law enforcement-community partner-

ships can constitute the ultimate force multiplier.

Education and training offered by law enforce-

ment agencies to the communities they protect

and serve could lead to a tip that might identify a

critical player in a terrorist cell and provide law

enforcement with the opportunity to disrupt, deter,

or stop the next egregious attack on American

soil.

Endnotes

1

For additional information, access

http://www.usaonwatch.

org

.

Educating the public

to recognize suspicious

activities that could

possibly relate to

terrorism may well

comprise the ultimate

force multiplier.

66719x.indd 17

66719x.indd 17

3/13/2008 12:13:55 PM

3/13/2008 12:13:55 PM

Maximizing Community Involvement


In reviewing “Community Involvement: The Ultimate Force Multiplier,” thoroughly discuss and explain three areas where community involvement has been identified as the key to the success of the department or agency. In your opinion, what is the key component in securing the desired level of commitment from the community? Why?  

Your initial response should be 250-300 words in length. Please support your claims with examples from the text and/or scholarly articles.

Important you need to read the article list references answer all questions thanks I have posted the article below


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