With Good Reason: A Guide to Critical Thinking, philosophy homework help

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In the Week Three Assignment, you engaged in a case analysis of a current business problem using some of the components of an argumentative essay. In this written assignment, you will write a complete argumentative essay as described in Sections 9.1 and 9.2 of With Good Reason: A Guide to Critical Thinking (Foster, Hardy, & Zúñiga y Postigo, 2015). This essay will include a revised and polished version of your Week Three Assignment, an objection to your thesis, a rebuttal, and concluding remarks. In order to benefit the most, you should start working on your Final Project from the time you receive your Week Three Assignment back with comments from your professor.

Your assignment should include the following:
A revision of your Week Three Case Analysis Assignment. Your revision should represent a substantial edit of your work that fully incorporates feedback from your professor and goes well beyond correcting any grammatical or APA errors.

The strongest possible objection to your thesis. After the final paragraph of your Week Three Case Analysis Assignment, start a new paragraph that introduces the strongest possible objection to your thesis. The considerations for this are detailed in Section 9.2 of With Good Reason: A Guide to Critical Thinking (Hardy, Foster, & Zúñiga y Postigo, 2015). Make sure to employ the appropriate language to introduce the objection, such as “some may object to my thesis as follows” or “according to [so and so] the thesis presented here fails to account for X” [whatever he or she finds problematic]. You can find other language to do this, of course, but the key point here is to make sure that you indicate that someone else is speaking when presenting this objection.

It is also important to remember that you do research to discover good objections and not merely objections that are weak and thus easily rebutted. Look for peer-reviewed journal articles in the Ashford University Library, full-text articles in Google Scholar, or articles in the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Present the opposing position fairly and in detail. This may take more than one paragraph.

A rebuttal. This is a refutation of the objection that you have just presented. Start this in a new paragraph following the objection paragraph(s). Once again, follow the indications of Section 9.2 of With Good Reason: A Guide to Critical Thinking (Hardy, Foster, & Zúñiga y Postigo, 2015). You may point out an error in the objection. Or you may show that, while it is an important objection, it does not apply squarely to your argument, or does not account for facts that make it irrelevant. Above all, make sure to maintain philosophical decorum in your rebuttal. Toward this end, you should apply the principles of charity and of accuracy, first introduced in the Week One course material. See “Confronting Disagreement” in Section 9.4 of With Good Reason: A Guide to Critical Thinking (Hardy, Foster, & Zúñiga y Postigo, 2015).

Closing remarks. End your argumentative essay with a paragraph of closing remarks. Provide some reflections of what you have attempted to achieve by means of your essay. You could, for example, explain how your essay sheds light on the broader controversy that it addresses. Or you could point out how your essay addresses a frequently ignored point or the unpopular side in the controversy. You could also reflect on the related matters in the broader controversy that would be useful to examine by others. Do not merely summarize what you have done in the body of your essay, and do not add new information here that would support or contradict your essay since the body of your essay should have addressed all the relevant points. See “Closing Your Essay” in Section 9.2 of With Good Reason: A Guide to Critical Thinking (Hardy, Foster, & Zúñiga y Postigo (2015).

Requirements for your Assignment:

  • Your assignment should be between 1500 to 1700 words in length, excluding the cover and references pages.
  • Your examination should be both thorough and succinct. This is a combination that demands time and thought, so give yourself sufficient time to draft and revise.
  • Your assignment should include citations, as well as a list of references. Both must be in APA form.
  • Your references should include at least four peer-reviewed articles in addition to those that you will be carrying over from our Week Three Case Analysis Assignment. These references should be drawn from the Ashford University Library, Google Scholar, or the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.


I have attached week 3 paper. This is the paper that must be continued or revised. Remember the word count must be 1500 to 1700 words.


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Running head: PERSPECTIVE ON THE CURRENT FIRM’S OPERATION Perspective on the Current Firm’s Operation Linwood D. Mason III PHI 445 Aug 1, 2016 Instructor Ricci Rizzo 1 PERSPECTIVE ON THE CURRENT FIRM’S OPERATION 2 With global population increase there has been a huge demand for food solution. By the year 2050, the United Nation estimates that the world population will reach the mark of 7 billion and food demand will double as well in order to satisfy the soaring population (Lavelle, 2008). In line with this changes Industrialized countries such as United States and European nations had to come up with these solutions whereby factory farming was adopted by several organizations such as Monsanto Company in order to help sustain food consumption. This discovery was considered to be a spectacular step but with time scientists realized that practice of factory farming poses a greater risk than the problem it solves to human health, environment as well as the animal welfare. A report by the Pew Commission on Industrial Farm Animal Production stated that a two-year investigation of factory farming found that chicken meat produced in the factory is a major source of health complications since the meat contains three times more fat than conventional chicken (Commission, 2008). These fats found on this kind of chicken are common cause of food poisoning due to presence of a bacteria called salmonella and campylobacter. However, with the current population increase the only way to sustain human appetite is through industrialization. Consequently, the side effects of the system that are involved in the factory farming such crop production and even animal production are very high in number. First of all is true to say that the production capacity of the meat and the crops satisfactorily meets the demand by the population. However, the human is the most affected directly since they are the one who work in the same factories and still are the one who consume the same products. When it comes to the aspect of the employment to the workers in these factories, they are exposed to biohazard complications and the consequences are considered to very serious (Pollan., 2006). Similarly, the community surrounding the such facilities are also exposed to environmental pollution due to the PERSPECTIVE ON THE CURRENT FIRM’S OPERATION 3 industrial effluents from the factories. This is to say that everybody is at risk from contaminated and compromised ecosystem for example. Production of the factory food such as the Genetically Modified Crops causes antibiotic resistant in the human body due to presence of Campylobacter bacteria which is found in these plants and even the beef and chicken meat. According to John Hopkins report, in United States 76 million people are at risk of being affected by factory farmed food whereby 5000 of them are fatally affected (Harris G, 2009). When it comes to the flora and fauna and our surrounding environment at large, the effects are also considerably severe. Therefore, apart from the large and overwhelming pollution, the impact of energy intensive factory and greenhouses emissions is also very alarming. These facilities contribute to environmental pollution by 20% just like the same contribution by the transportation sector. All these are as a result of the factory farming which affect every bit of our environment as well as the human beings (Mark, 2009). With the animals that are produced in the factory one can just imagine the nasty life they live whereby the treatment is so inhumane before they are slaughtered and their meat sold in the market. In regards to the morality of the factory farming, it is hard to find a moral theory that supports the practice. For example, anthropocentrism which is the belief that human beings are central and mostly important part of existence that should hold the moral status than other living organism are the leading majority in mistreating the animals by killing them to satisfy their appetite. The same case would agree with biocentrism whereby as human beings we should have a deeper understanding of life and biology since it is the central of being as well as reality. This explains why we should expand our limits of morality to the entire living organism including the one that are farmed at the factories and not mistreat them for our gain. This is the same reason PERSPECTIVE ON THE CURRENT FIRM’S OPERATION 4 why environmentalist would not advocate for factory farming due to moral consideration of ecosystem. Similarly to the utilitarianism, moral agents should endeavor in maximizing the overall pleasure in promoting good morals in the factory farming. As moral rights theory states, moral agents should always uphold and take into account the justified claims of morally considerable beings (Singer P, 1990). For instance, if the morals theories disagree with factory farming, then the moral agents should ensure that the practice is replaced with another which is morally accepted. As the utilitarian theory argues, well-being of everyone is capable of experiencing pleasure and so pain should be taken into account so that we can determine what is right and wrong (Bentham J, 1789). Ultimately this is to say that we the human beings should take into consideration the pain we inflict to the animals that are farmed in the factories so that they can slaughtered at the end for meet. We should also mind about the environment that we live in when we try to farm the genetically modified crops and sell them to other human beings without thinking about the health complications that they might experience as a result of consuming them. If the practice disagrees with the moral theories, then it is for the greater good that the practice be abandoned and replaced with another practiced. To conclude, humane farming such as vegetarianism can replace factory farming and also help feed the increasing population in the world. The dangerous consequences of factory farming on the human beings and also the environment at large would be avoided but then some individual object this case due to simple fact that human beings are omnivorous and cannot stopped eating meat and so the only way to sustain this appetite is through factory farming since the population is growing and the source of meat cannot sustain the population. However, in PERSPECTIVE ON THE CURRENT FIRM’S OPERATION 5 view of a number of ethical theories that include utilitarianism and moral rights theory factory farming is not justified and so the practiced should replace. PERSPECTIVE ON THE CURRENT FIRM’S OPERATION 6 References Bentham J. (1789). Principles of Morals and Legislation . New York: Prometheus Books. Commission, P. (2008). Putting Meat on the Table :Industrial Farm Animal Production in America. Baltimore: MD:John Hopkins Bloomberg School OF Public Health. Harris G. (2009). President Promises to Boolster Food Safety. New York: New York Times. Lavelle, M. &. (2008). Fixing the Food Crisis. World Report. Mark, B. (2009). Food Matters:A Guide to Concious Eating. New York: Simon & Shustler. Pollan., M. (2006). The Omnivore Dilemma. New York: Penguin Books. Singer P. (1990). Animal Liberation. New York: Random House.
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