PHI: 208 Ethics and Moral Reasoning

Philosophy
Tutor: None Selected Time limit: 1 Day

Immanuel Kant: If you do not think a good will is important discuss your reasons for believing that the will is not important in ethical action.

Sep 17th, 2014

ategorical Imperatives helps us to know which actions are obligatory or forbidden. Categorical Imperatives are moral imperatives. The morality are grounded by three imperatives.
These are; the Universal Law, Treating humans as ends in themselves, and Act as if you live in a kingdom of ends.
The Universal Rule declares that all moral statements should be general laws. Which will apply to everyone and in under any circumstances. No exceptions.
Treating humans as ends in themselves. You should never treat others as they are means to some end. This promotes equality.
Kingdom of ends basically says that all rational agents should be able to deduce morality through reason alone. Concluding so that every rational agent should be able to conclude the same moral laws.



Hypothetical Imperatives are conditional. If I want X, then I must do Y. Hypothetical Imperatives are not moral, to Kant at least.

Hypothetical Imperatives are branched down into two sub-categories: The rules of skill and the rules of prudence.

The rules of skill are conditional and are specific to each individual, to which the skill is mandated by. These are attained via experience, amongst other things.
The rules of prudence are attained a priori ( independent of experience) and have universal goals, like happiness. Almost every moral rule on how to act is hypothetical, because it assumes that your goal is to happiness or to please God etc.

Thus, by reason, the only non-hypothetical imperatives are the ones that tell you to do something no matter what. And this is referring to the Categorical Imperatives.

I believe this is thorough enough.

Whew, this is a tough stone to break. Lots of logics and moral arguments and reasoning. Whew.....guess that's why you posted a question.

Sep 17th, 2014

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Sep 17th, 2014
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Sep 17th, 2014
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