are the current Director of Homeland Security for your state, and the
new governor has asked you for a briefing paper on homeland security
and how it applies to the state. The governor is a novice and has no
prior knowledge of homeland security.
Since the governor knows
nothing about the topic, you should briefly bring him/her up to speed
on the history and concept of homeland security at both the national
and state level. Remember that we are living in a dynamic threat
Describe to the governor the dynamic threat
environment in your state regarding all hazards. Identify in a generic
manner the critical infrastructures of concern within your state. (You
do not need to list individual locations.) Also, discuss hazards your
state may face.
Explain to the governor how threat analysis,
indication systems, and warnings work along with the use of
intelligence in this process. Also, describe the types of resources
that are available to the governor.
Next, discuss enabling
legislation, policies, and requirements that will help guide the
governor during all phases of emergency management. For instance, when
and how will the governor know when to declare a state of emergency or a
disaster? Likewise, how would the governor go about asking for federal
assistance? Make sure you explain legal and functional
responsibilities. Remember that under NIMS there are ESFs. The governor
will need to know the potential threats, types of infrastructures
susceptible to threats, legal and functional responsibilities, and what
resources are available or needed.
Finally, explain to the
governor the various components of the homeland security structure such
as the NRF, NIMS, ICS, UC, etc. Consider constructing visuals (tables,
graphs, or charts) to help illustrate how the system works. When you
are done preparing this document, go back, reread it, and ask yourself
if you have provided the governor with a document that will prepare
him/her to successfully carry out his or her duties with respect to
Note: It would be wise not
to reinvent the wheel here. See what already exists in your state.
Check the state websites and consider speaking to those who are
involved in homeland security at the present time.
Your briefing paper should be a minimum of 5-8 pages long, but can be longer if you wish. Cite at least seven credible outside sources for support.