PSY 363 M3 Assignment 2 QUESTIONS:
LASA 1: False Memories
The US legal system places a lot
of importance on eyewitness memory. Most people would report that they can
accurately convey what they saw in a particular situation. However, these
ideas are not supported by research. Instead, research shows that memory is
quite malleable and is affected by many factors. This research repeatedly
demonstrates that people do not remember exactly what they experienced. This
module’s experiment will show you firsthand how memory for events is not
always one hundred percent accurate.
Access the CogLab demonstration
False Memory. Follow the instructions to complete the demonstration to
familiarize yourself with false memory. Then locate at least one research
study from a peer-reviewed journal that examined how eyewitness memory can be
affected by false memories.
Based on your research, respond to
the following situation:
You are considered to be an expert
in false memories, and a local district attorney has therefore requested your
expertise on the following case:
On Tuesday, March 6, 2007, a bank
was robbed in Slidell, LA. It was just after opening time, 9:04 a.m., and
there were barely any customers, when a car arrived and parked in the side
parking lot of the bank. Two men came out of the car and walked to the
entrance. Both wore dark clothing. Upon entering the bank, they held out guns
and asked for the manager. When the manager identified herself, the smaller
of the two robbers ordered her to open the safe. Meanwhile, the other robber,
a tall, and burley man, walked around holding his gun in his outstretched
arm, and threatening the remaining employees and customers. The manager
complied and the smaller robber collected all the money and valuables from
the safe. After five minutes, the big robber asked if his companion was ready
to go. When he was, the two ran back to their car, and drove away.
The district attorney has asked
that you create a presentation about false memory and explain how it might
influence this case. He asks that you specifically address the following:
- Describe false memory and
false memory experiments. Use the CogLab experiment to illustrate false
memory experiments, special distracters, and normal distracters.
- Describe at least one
research study from a peer-reviewed journal that investigated how
eyewitness memory can be affected by false memories.
- Explain how false memory
might influence this particular case. Use specifics from the description
of the case, the CogLab experiment, and research to support your answer.
- Using evidence from the case,
the CogLab experiment, and outside research, justify why eyewitness
testimonies should or should not carry weight in criminal proceedings.
- Discuss any procedures which
can increase or reduce the occurrence of false memories when reporting
Remember, your presentation is
designed to help the jury understand false memory and how it might influence
the eyewitness testimony of this case. You will have ten minutes to present.
Since this is a legal case, you
must include formally written slide notes (proper grammar, proper paragraphs,
APA formatting, and academic tone) with research to support your claims. The
presentation will be a legal document in this case, so make it worthy of
being legally binding!
Develop an 5–6-slide presentation
in PowerPoint format. Apply APA standards to citation of sources. Use the
following file naming convention: LastnameFirstInitial_M3_A2.ppt.