PSY 363 M4 Assignment 2: Preparation
for Generating a Policy Proposal
Although some states and cities have
passed laws to ban texting and using handheld phones while driving, there is no
current law to ban all cell phone use while driving. However, according to the
National Safety Council (2009), 28 percent of all crashes—1.6 million per
year—are caused by cell phone use and texting by drivers. The mission of a new
national nonprofit organization called FocusDriven, patterned after Mothers
Against Drunk Driving, is to make phone use while driving as illegal and
socially unacceptable as drunk driving. US Transportation Secretary Ray LaHood
supports FocusDriven and its efforts.
According to the Pittsburgh
Post-Gazette, LaHood said that this movement would become "an army of
people traveling the countryside" to push for bans on cell-phone use and
tough enforcement (Schmitz, 2010). As a political advocate interested in this
issue, you will be writing a policy proposal that utilizes the current research
to propose a solution to the issue and submitting it in Module 5.
Annotated Bibliography: Effect of
Cell Phone Use
Before you can write this proposal
research, you will need to conduct initial research on the science behind this
initiative. For this assignment, use the Argosy University online library
resources to locate research reports from peer-reviewed journals that discuss
the effects of cell phone use on vision, attention, perception, or memory. In
selecting at least five research reports from peer-reviewed journals relevant
to the topic, make sure they address one or more of the following issues:
- How do texting, handheld phones, and hands-free phones
compare with each other in their effects on driving?
- How do other, traditional distractions compare to cell
phone use in their effects on driving (such as eating, attending to children,
talking to passengers, listening to music/news, etc.)?
- Can cell phone use while driving be compared with drunk
driving? Why or why not?
- What other variables (such as age) can affect driving
while using a cell phone?
Based on your reading of the five
articles, create an annotated bibliography for each of the five sources. Each
annotation should consist of the APA reference entry followed by a
paragraph-long summary of the articles. In your summary, provide answers for
the questions below. For the last question, think about how the research
results could be generalized to fit other environments or not be generalized.
- Summarize the main ideas in the reference. What were
- How were the studies conducted? What was the sample
size? Is it appropriate?
- Were the studies conducted in the real world or was a
simulated environment used?
- How might these methodological considerations affect
the research findings and the conclusions drawn from them? How does this
article fit in with your paper? How did it influence your own ideas about
bibliography should be at 3–4 pages in length. Go to the Doc Sharing
area for sample-annotated bibliography. This document will help you complete
your paper more successfully.
Be sure to include a title page and reference
page listing your articles