Referring to MacIntyre’s account of
practices and virtue, outline a practice in your own life that you believe
requires certain virtues in order to do well. Explain what the
practice is, what the “internal goods” of the practice are and how they differ from
certain “external goods” (such as money, prestige, power, etc.), and attempt to
determine the virtues that one must have in order to excel in the
practice. In other words, what are virtues that make one a good
practitioner of this practice? What are some vices that get in the way of
doing this practice well? How might someone that primarily pursues
internal goods behave differently than someone primarily concerned with
external goods? Your answers to these questions should include evidence
from this week’s readings and media.
- Understanding Philosophy
- Chapter 6: Traditional
Theories of Ethics
Read the following sections:
- Virtue Ethics
- Problems with Virtue Ethics
- Animal Rights
- What We Have in Common
- Where Do We Draw the Line
- The Environment
- Ethics of Extinction
Chapter 6 Readings
- After Virtueby: Alisdair MacIntyre
- Chapter 14: The Nature of
- Aristotle. (350 B.C.E.). Nicomachean ethics (W. D. Ross, Trans.). Retrieved from
- Read: Book I, Chapters 1-5, 7,
and 10; Book II, Chapters 1-4, 6, and 7. These portions of Aristotle’s
work focus primarily on different aspects of virtue ethics and the relationship
between virtue and a flourishing life.
- Hill, T. (1983).Ideals of human excellence and
preserving natural environments. Journal of
Environmental Ethics, 5(3),
211-24. Retrieved from http://www.umweltethik.at/download.php?id=403
- This article attempts to
outline a response to the problem of environmental preservation through
the lens of virtue ethics. Hill utilizes virtue ethics to examine how
people ought to respond to the environment and how others might be able
to judge their actions through the lens of the virtues that they display.
Robinson, P. (2007).
Magnanimity and integrity as military virtues. Journal of Military
Ethics, 6(4), 259-269. Retrieved from
the EBSCOhost database.
- This article relates to the
second applied ethics topic this week: military ethics. In this article,
Robinson examines military ethics through the lens of virtue and argues
for a re-evaluation of military virtues.
Zúñiga y Postigo, G. (2013). How to write an argumentative essay [Unpublished work]. College of Liberal Arts, Ashford
University, Clinton, IA.
- This document explains how
students can effectively present a philosophical argument.
- Albert, T. (Producer), &
Ramis, H. (Director). (1993). Groundhog day [Motion picture]. United States: Columbia Pictures.
- This classic film follows the
life of a man who is trapped in the same day. He cannot escape, and he
must figure out how to live and keep himself sane as he wakes up to the
same day every morning. The main character struggles with questions about
life’s meaning and the importance of the ways that people live their
lives as he attempts to escape the monotony of repetitive existence.**Please
be aware you need to stream, buy, or rent Groundhog Day (Week Four) in order to
successfully complete this course.
Wingclips. (n.d.). The bridge on the river Kwai [Movie clip]. Retrieved from
- In this clip from the film,
which is set during World War II, a group of British Army prisoners of
war are building a bridge for their Japanese captors. The Colonel
expresses the significance of character in the life of the soldier.
Wingclips. (n.d.). The emperor’s club [Movie clip]. Retrieved from
- The clip from this film
relates to cheating and the relationship between cheating and one’s moral
character. It also explores responses to virtue ethics and the
relationship between virtue and success.