ANTH 350 Ethnic & Indigenous Groups in Nepals Peace Bldg Processes Research Paper

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Humanities

ANTH 350

ANTH

Description

  • Describe the ways in which violence (structural, symbolic, racial, and/or material) impacts different cultural groups
  • Demonstrate an understanding of how individuals and groups resist and/or accept power
  • Demonstrate knowledge of key concepts about power and authority
  • Be able to apply key concepts regarding power and authority to demonstrate your understanding of power relationships between individuals and institutions. (This includes, but is not limited to, appropriately using correct terminology (i.e. hegemony, agency, etc) and theoretical frameworks.

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ANTH 350/S. Black Fall 2020 Essay Assignment Throughout the semester, and particularly in the last two ethnographies for Cultures Around the Globe look at the relationship between culture and power. In particular these ethnographies examine the relationship between individuals, who are often poor, marginalized and powerless, and cultural institutions that wield power and authority. Quite often, this results in discrimination at various levels as marginalized people experience structural violence, symbolic violence, racial violence and/or material violence. Objectives: • • • • Describe the ways in which violence (structural, symbolic, racial, and/or material) impacts different cultural groups Demonstrate an understanding of how individuals and groups resist and/or accept power Demonstrate knowledge of key concepts about power and authority Be able to apply key concepts regarding power and authority to demonstrate your understanding of power relationships between individuals and institutions. (This includes, but is not limited to, appropriately using correct terminology (i.e. hegemony, agency, etc) and theoretical frameworks. Option One: Police and Policing 1. Watch the AAA (American Anthropological) Webinars , “The Persistence of Racialized Police Brutality and Community Responses” and Anthropology of Policing Part II: The Persistence of Racialized Police Brutality and Community Responses Webinar Description: Over the past several days, we witnessed the continued devolution of what already is a tenuous relationship between police and communities of color, particularly African American and Latinx communities. Sadly, the dramatic deaths of Ahmaud Arbery, Breonna Taylor, Tony McDade and George Floyd add to a multitude of black and brown bodies that police have violently destroyed extra-judicially. No less traumatic are the quotidian encounters people of color experience with police that account for the frequent stop, question and frisk, racial profiling, driving while black and other forms of intrusive surveillance. The oppressive relationship between police and communities of color represent a national crisis, which is chronic, systemic, and driven by white supremacy, rather than the isolated results of a few bad apples spoiling the orchard. This fraught relationship is further complicated by the current Covid-19 pandemic, the pre-existing structural inequalities, and lateral policing. Informed by white supremacy, lateral policing is the active recruitment of everyday white citizens (see something, say something) to surveil black and brown bodies, mobilize/weaponize police resources against these bodies and their normal social practices, and in some instances calling for the full assumption of police authority to apprehend and incapacitate these bodies when they are perceived as threats. Our colleagues in mental health, public health, sociology/social welfare, political science, and law along with community organizers and activists are actively developing interventions to improve this 1 ANTH 350/S. Black Fall 2020 broken relationship, while anthropologists, by-and-large, conference the issue and or engage in scholarly activity within and among other anthropologists. This virtual discussion seeks to shift the various scholarly activities anthropologists engage in concerning police brutality and state sanctioned violence to a more public facing direction. Further, this discussion is guided by two principle questions: (1) What should an Anthropology of policing look like and (2) What practical and actionable steps should anthropologists, as cultural experts of the lived experiences of impacted communities, take to transform American policing. Panel Participants • • • • • Ramona Perez (San Diego State University), Kalfani Ture (Quinnipiac University), Donna Auston (Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey), Shanti Parikh, (Washington University, St. Louis), Avram Bornstein (John Jay College of Criminal Justice). This webinar is hosted by the American Anthropological Association and presented by the Center for the Ethnographic Study of Public Safety and Community in collaboration with the Association of Black Anthropologists, the Association of Latina and Latino Anthropologists, and the American Ethnological Association. . 2. Connection to Cultures Around the Globe How does the information learned from the webinar connect to concepts we are discussing in class in relation to power? You may have to do some additional research to provide deeper context and information (See “Research on page 3.) This is NOT a summary of the webinars. See “Content Instructions” on page 3 on how to format your paper. Option Two: Global Pandemic Structural violence refers to systematic ways in which social structures harm or otherwise disadvantage individuals. Structural violence is subtle, often invisible, and often has no one specific person who can (or will) be held responsible (in contrast to behavioral violence).” Often times, when people read the word violence, they automatically assume physical violence and this is not always the case with structural violence. We have been looking at structural violence, symbolic violence, hegemony, and human agency in both Laughter Out of Place and Righteous Dopefiend. How do these concepts apply to how people are experiencing the COVID-19 pandemic? Think about how national governments, states, or communities have responded to this crisis. Think about who is getting sick, hospitalized and/or dying. Why are some communities experiencing higher infection rates than others? Higher death rates? Do all people have access to the same resources? 2 ANTH 350/S. Black Fall 2020 Research: There are several articles and a plethora of information you can find online about the pandemic and the theoretical frameworks (structural violence, symbolic violence, etc). Choose one population to focus on for your paper. This could be a country, a region of a country, a state, a city/town, community, or cultural group. You will need to have an understanding of the history of structural violence (racism, classism, sexism) the population has experienced that is impacting their health and suffering during this pandemic. All resources should be academically appropriate. Optimally your resources should come from academic journals that have been peer reviewed, and for some information you will find these types of articles. However, I understand due to the timeliness and contemporaneous nature of this assignment, you will use news articles. This means you will need to consider the new sources; not all are created equally. You will need to avoid articles that have political bias or are more editorial than fact. This can be a challenge when there is so much information that can be found online. You should not use Wikipedia (or anything that start with Wiki) or blogs. How to Evaluate Information Sources: Identify Bias Content Instructions (Both Options): 1. Introduction The introduction should include a thesis statement. The thesis statement is that sentence or two in the text that contains the focus of the essay and tells the reader what the essay is going to be about. Therefore, you need to include evidence that supports your thesis statement. When I finish reading your introduction, I should have a good sense of the scope of the essay as well as the path you will take in supporting your thesis. Below are some websites to help you write a thesis statement: • • The Writing Center Tips for Writing a Thesis Statement 2. Body The body of your paper should follow the flow of your introductory paragraph. It should consist of multiple paragraphs that provide details that support your thesis. You must show that you understand the cultural frameworks by defining, explaining, and providing concrete examples from your research to support your observations and evaluations. You should have one idea to one paragraph and remember to include transition sentences to maintain a consistent flow to your paper. 3. Conclusion The conclusion is a restatement of your introduction. It should not be an exact copy the introduction, but should sum up and reiterate your thesis. 3 ANTH 350/S. Black Fall 2020 Citations When citing your sources, you will use the Chicago Style Guide, which is now used by AAA (American Anthropological Association). The link is also posted on Canvas. There are two different options for Chicago Style: use the one you are most comfortable with for within text citations and bibliography. If you do not include citations, it is considered plagiarism! Even if you summarize information, you need to include citations. Paper Format: • • • • 4-5 pages double-spaced Times New Roman size 10 or 11 font. 1” margins all around NO big headings or extra spacing to take up space on paper Word of Caution: • • • Do not politicize your writing. This paper is NOT about your reaction and feelings about current events. The purpose of this paper is to apply what you have learned about power and authority and theoretical frameworks. This requires synthesizing information from various sources. How Paper Will Be Graded: • • • • • • • • A paper topic that follows the instructions above A thesis statement or central claim that organizes the paper A clear, logical organization The use of textual evidence to support your thesis and main points Coherent, logical explanation of textual evidence that supports the thesis and main points Clear and correct prose (Correct spelling and grammar) Accurate documentation of examples and evidence Included within text citations and bibliography ***Review the Grading Rubric on the Next Page*** Deadlines: • • • Essay Proposal: Due Before 11:59pm on Sunday, September 13 Essay Rough Draft and Peer Review: Due Before 11:59pm on Sunday, October 18th Essay Final Draft: Due Before 11:59pm on Sunday, November 15th ***Directions for proposal and peer review are separate documents. 4 ANTH 350/S. Black Fall 2020 Excellent Essay Paper Rubric Good Job Needs Some Improvement Needs Much Improvement Critical Thinking/Purpose Clearly developed and logical and focused thesis supported by examples and use of critical thinking. Connections among culture and power using key concepts from lecture and course material Thesis addresses the issue, but topic too broad or too narrow, provides only general or limited explanations/support, some evidence of critical thinking. Thesis ineffective or missing, gaps in logical thinking noticeable Does not follow the assignment instructions, and does not accomplish the purpose of the assignment, no evidence of critical thinking Balanced presentation of relevant and legitimate information that clearly supports a central purpose or argument and shows a thoughtful, in-depth analysis of a significant topic. Reader gains important insights into the integration of cultural aspects into whole and change over time. All material clearly related to main topic. Strong organization and integration of material within subtopics. Strong transitions linking subtopics, and main topic. Information provides reasonable support for a central purpose or argument and displays evidence of a basic analysis of a significant topic. Reader gains some insights. Information supports a central purpose or argument at times. Analysis is basic or general. Reader gains few insights. Central purpose or argument is not clearly identified. Analysis is vague or not evident. Reader is confused or may be misinformed All material clearly related to main topic and logically organized. Clear, varied transitions linking subtopics, and main topic. Most material clearly related to subtopic, main topic. Material may not be organized. Attempts to provide variety of transitions Little evidence material is logically organized into topic or related to topic. Many transitions are unclear or nonexistent. Strong review of key conclusions. Strong integration with thesis statement. Insightful discussion of impact of the researched material on topic. Strong review of key conclusions. Strong integration with thesis statement. Discusses impact of researched material on topic Review of key conclusions. Some integration with thesis statement. Discusses impact of researched material on topic. Does not summarize evidence with respect to thesis statement. Does not discuss the impact of research There are few or no errors in mechanics, usage, sentence structure, and spelling. There are some errors in mechanics, usage, sentence structure, and spelling. There are many errors in mechanics, usage, sentence structure, and spelling. Serious errors in mechanics, usage, sentence structure, and spelling make the summary difficult to understand. Paper has more or fewer pages than specified in the assignment. Content Focus & Sequencing Conclusion Conventions Length Paper is the number of pages specified in the assignment. Citations Inclusion of within text citations using relevant and academically appropriate sources. There is NO inclusion of within text citation and/or did not use academically appropriate resources. . 5
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Explanation & Answer

Attached.

Loba Culture (Nepal) – Outline
Thesis Statement: In other words, identifying how violence impacts and the way resistance occurs
among an ethnic group such as Loba is what should be called servant hood
I.
II.

Introduction
Effects of structural violence
A. Isolation
B. Diminishing culture

III.

Effects of symbolic violence
A. Marginalization
B. Commercialization
C. Loss in how family is organized
D. Loss of land
E. Vulnerable to climate change
F. Getting exposed to drugs and prostitution

IV.

Effects of racial violence
A. Protests
B. Deaths
C. Restricting movement of essential services
D. Rapes

V.

Have they have shown resistance
A. Protesting
B. Signing agreements
C. Public service handling violence

VI.

Conclusion


LOBA CULTURE - NEPAL

Name
Course
Date

1
Introduction
Many dedicated and well-intentioned individuals might want to serve in a different culture,
though they are in self-denial or naïve. Such thoughts emerge since they are not aware of what is meant
by serving a diverse culture.1 The truth is that several individuals want to serve based on their cultural
knowledge. That is, they perceive that each person they will come across will behave similarly to them. In
fact, if they continue to think in that direction, then it should be deduced that there is no switch in their
heads.2 In other words, identifying how violence impacts and the way resistance occurs among an ethnic
group such as Loba is what should be called servant hood.
How Violence Impacts Loba Culture
Symbolic Violence
Symbolic violence is described as privileges that groups and individuals exert against others since
they perceive that they have a better status in society. Loba tribe receive visitors from almost the entire
part of the world annually. Although it has been confirmed that tourism is a job generator, this is not the
case with the Loba community. The truth is that tourists who perceive that they have a higher status have
led to the marginalization of this ethnic group. Tourists have additionally led to the commercialization of
their culture and mode of worship. They have further created a demonstration effect and congestion
within the community.
Also, tourists have interfered with how they use their land, thus making them to experience
problems when hunt...


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