What does each ethical perspective tell us about morality and virtue
We have 3 very different Ethical perspectives:
1. Utilitarianism: The most good for the maximum number of people
This acknowledges that it is morally impossible to do justice to everybody
2. Kant's philosophy: Truth must prevail, no matter what the consequences
The problem here is: What is truth? It is not easy to determine truth - for instance the 5 major religions have different standards of morality and virtue. Which is correct?
3. Rawl: (a) certain rights of the individual are fundamental and must not be taken away
(b) The way to deal with social inequalities are:
1. Equal opportunities for all
2. Positive discrimination: protect and favour the most disadvantaged members of society
Rawl tries to be practical here, acknowledging that there is no gold standard in ethics and morality.
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