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What does each ethical perspective tell us about morality and virtue

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What does each ethical perspective tell us about morality and virtue

Oct 21st, 2017

We have 3 very different Ethical perspectives:

1. Utilitarianism: The most good for the maximum number of people

This acknowledges that it is morally impossible to do justice to everybody

2. Kant's philosophy: Truth must prevail, no matter what the consequences

The problem here is: What is truth? It is not easy to determine truth - for instance the 5 major religions have different standards of morality and virtue. Which is correct?

3. Rawl: (a) certain rights of the individual are fundamental and must not be taken away

(b) The way to deal with social inequalities are:

1. Equal opportunities for all

2. Positive discrimination: protect and favour the most disadvantaged members of society

Rawl tries to be practical here, acknowledging that there is no gold standard in ethics and morality.


Sep 30th, 2014

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