what is an orbital shell in chemisty

Chemistry
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What is an orbital shell in chemistry 

Oct 1st, 2014

Each shell is subdivided into subshells, which are made up of orbitals, each of which has electrons with different angular momentum. Each orbital in a shell has a characteristic shape, and is named by a letter. They are: spd, and f. In a one-electron atom (e.g. H, He+, Li+, etc.) the energy of each orbital within a particular shell is identical. However, when there are multiple electrons, they interact and split the orbitals into slightly different energies. Within any particular shell, the energy of the orbitals depend on the angular momentum of orbitals s, p, d, and f in order of lowest to highest energy. No two orbitals have the same energy level.

Reference:

http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/General_Chemistry/Shells_and_Orbitals


Oct 1st, 2014

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