UMass Amherst Cross Cultural Relations Self Identity Exploration Essay

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University of Massachusetts Amherst


Write a 3-page short paper in which you describe some of the significant influences on your identity development. You should pay particular attention to ethnicity, culture, race, migration, religious factors, family values, sociocultural influences, economic factors, language, acculturation, gender, oppression, racism and/or privilege. Major goals of this paper are to help students: (a) clarify the impact of culture on identity, life experiences, and world views; (b) identify the major groups and cultures that have contributed to your cultural identity; (c) encourage discussion of stereotypes that may be embedded in cultural experience; and (d) explore how cultural identity may influence one’s interactions with individuals from other cultural, ethnic, and religious traditions. A discussion of privilege, as well as intersectionality, should be included in this paper.


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Running head: THEORETICAL APPLICATION PAPER Freeman 1 THEORETICAL APPLICATION PAPER Freeman 2 Theoretical Application According to Sigmund Freud, in the psychoanalytic theory, an individual’s personality develops by a series of stages that are characterized by an inner psychological conflict (Freud, 2018). The human behavior is as an effect of the interaction amid the three concepts of the theory; id, ego, and superego. The theory emphasizes the role of unconscious emotional battles as these are responsible for shaping a person’s behavior and personality. On the other hand, the trait theory of personality indicates that different dispositions make up an individual’s personality. This includes character, habits, frame of mind, or propensity. The theory is concentrated on the dissimilarities between individuals. It emphasizes the amalgamation and collaboration of different traits, which make up the unique personality of each person (Funder, 2015). It focuses on identification and measuring of the characteristics of individual personality. The concepts of the theory include openness, extraversion, neuroticism, agreeableness, and conscientiousness. The concepts of psychoanalytic theory and trait theory offer good arguments in trying to explain the role model personality and how this influences behaviors. I would describe my personality as role model. The role model personality has grown due to the place I was born and brought up in and the different situations I went through to be who I am today. The personality has shaped how I respond to situations and how I interact with people in different situations. The concepts of psychoanalytic theory and trait theory will help in providing deeper understanding regarding the role model personality. For instance, the role model personality show high levels of extraversion, conscientiousness, openness, and agreeableness and low levels of neuroticism (Bhatti, 2011). I have leadership qualities as indicated by those I interact with and the fact that they choose me as a leader in different occasions. I am calm in stressing situations even though there are instances where I come up as a person with a strong personality. For example, there was a time I was to do my THEORETICAL APPLICATION PAPER Freeman 3 examination and the time of the examination changed. I had not covered all the syllabus since I thought I had more time. I decided to be calm and confident, and I passed the examination. If I had panicked, I would have lost the confidence I had, and the probability of me failing would have increased. I was born and raised in Jamaica. I faced different challenges as a kid as I had to move to a children’s home at a tender age since my mother was admitted to the hospital. For three years, I had to live in a children’s home as my mother was receiving treatment in the hospital. I moved back home after three years at the age of 14, and I had to run away from home because of abuse. This made me grow up fast as I had to look for different jobs on the beach to fend for myself. At first, I had to collect plastic bottles and sell them so that I could get money to buy food. These challenges have shaped my personality to date. I listen to new ideas, and I am reliable. The characteristics of the role model personality are that there is tendency of showing qualities that evoke respect and admiration in leadership. I have taken part in different cases, and I was chosen as a leader in different occasions. Additionally, there is an aspect of confidence, bravery, and taking calculated risks. I take pride in these qualities because they help me to be who I am today. As a role model, I have to be dependable, be open to innovative and new ideas as this indicate that I have qualities of a good leader. The Jamaican environment can be challenging at times. The mentality of most individuals is that they cannot grow to be great individuals in society. The challenges I went through as a child did not make me change my dream of becoming a doctor. The challenges were a setback as I did not go to school as I speculated and it was hard to save for the school fee. There is an instance I remember as a young child I told a Rastafarian that I wanted to be a doctor and he laughed at me. That indicates the mentality of the people from the place I was born. However, that did not deter me from working towards the dreams I had. These situations shaped my personality. I am the biggest cheerleader of people who want to pursue THEORETICAL APPLICATION PAPER Freeman 4 their dreams amidst the challenges and bad negativity around the people surrounding them. This is the reason I am passionate about becoming a child psychologist since I will be in a position to help children and ensure that the situations that they go through will not be a hindrance to becoming who they want. Also, I believe that the future generation can be free of psychological disorders since most of them start from a young age and misdiagnosis or lack of diagnosis ensures that the person grows up with the condition. In the psychoanalytic theory, the three concepts are id, ego, and superego. Conflicts between the three concepts and the efforts of an individual to balance them are the determinant of how people behave and how they approach the world. The balance that people strike in different situations determines how they will be able to solve conflicts between overarching behavioral tendencies. This is where the concepts of the theory come in; the biological aggression drives towards pleasure and socialized internal control. The id is the basic concept among the concepts since it is concerned with instantaneous satisfaction of the basic bodily desires and necessities. It is based on the unconscious, and this makes people do what people want at that moment. The superego is concerned with rules and moralities in society and acts as a moral compass. The concept develops from childhood since they are brought up to know what is wrong and what is right. The ego acts as a balance between the id and the superego. It is the rational part of the personality, and it is partly a combination of both conscious and unconscious. Freud believes that the id, ego, and superego are constantly conflicting. He also believed that the personality and conduct of a grown-up are deep-rooted in the results of the inner struggle all through childhood (Freud, 2018). He stated that a person with a strong ego has a healthy personality and that imbalances in the system may cause unhealthy behaviors The role model personality is what ensures that I am the person I am today. Using the different concepts in the psychoanalytic theory, I can understand why I respond I do in THEORETICAL APPLICATION PAPER Freeman 5 different situations. For example, I can understand why I feel the need to ensure that children are brought up in a mental disorder-free society. The abuse that I went through as a child is in my subconscious and makes me work towards ensuring I can change life of children who are undergoing the same situations. The id part of my personality also ensures that I get instant gratification from different things such as sexuality and food urges. The superego helps me know what is right and wrong as I interact with different people. The choices I made, to flee home because of the abuse, has shaped my personality also. My leadership skills had to start early in my life as I had to make choices to ensure that I had food every day. Moving to the U.S. also helped me as I was able to get better-paying jobs and I saved towards my education. My strong conviction towards helping children with mental disorders is greatly due to the hardships I went through as a child. I want to be a child psychologist to be in a position to help other children who may be going through hardships, and they are not able to talk about the situations. The constructs in the trait theory and psychoanalytic theory help in providing a basis of understanding for the different personalities. However, there are instances where an individual might feel that they do not belong to the stated theories. This leads to others coming up with different personalities as they try to belong to a certain group. The critiques of the theories also offer convincing statements that make people doubt if they belong to a certain personality. For instance, there are very different personality traits that are provided in the internet making it hard for an individual to know which types to follow. The personalities have clear description, but they are too many to understand which ones should be followed. In my opinion, there should be only a given set of personality that fits all individuals to ensure that the confusion of trying to find where a person belongs is ruled out. In the trait theory, three constructs will help in understanding of the role model personality. The personality has low levels of neuroticism and high levels of openness, THEORETICAL APPLICATION PAPER Freeman 6 extraversion, agreeableness, and conscientiousness (Garcia, 2014). The extraversion construct has two sides; introversion and extroversion. I am more of the extroversion side. People who are high in extroversion seek out social stimulation and opportunities, and they are actively engaged with others. This is seen in my role model character since I am more at peace when leading others and thus I can learn more. Social gatherings help me gain more knowledge about different topics, and I get to gain knowledge on how to be a better leader. Social stimulations help me to be energetic, full of life and increases my positivity. My personality also helps me to gain courage and helps me to be able to talk in front of people and be assertive. The openness concept is mostly characterized by the ability to be imaginative and insightful. I aspire to be a child psychologist, and I have come up with different ideas how my work in the industry will help others. I am imaginative, and I have come up with different projects that can be used to ensure the profession is more helpful. Openness also indicates that people have different range of interests. Curiosity is a characteristic of the openness construct, and this explains why I am eager in different cases especially in my line of work as I work as an assistant nurse. I am also creative, and this can be seen in my line of work. For example, there is an instance where I explained to a patient how they could store their insulin in a cool place even though they do not have a refrigerator. My superiors approved the method and commended my creative nature. The conscientiousness concept includes high levels of thoughtfulness, goal-oriented behaviors, and good impulse control. This is evident in my role model personality as I am determined to ensure that I become a child psychologist. I am unable to pay for the fee all by myself, and thus I am making steps towards applying for a scholarship in the UMass Boston. People with this concept are mindful to details and are organized as it is evident in my personality. I can work well in an environment that is well organized as my concentration THEORETICAL APPLICATION PAPER Freeman 7 levels get distractions in an untidy environment. The people plan, think of how their actions may affect other people and are mindful when it comes to deadlines. I ensure that I have a schedule indicating how my days are to ensure that I do not leave any details of what I am expected to do. I ensure that I spend a lot of time in planning as this greatly helps in what I do and ensures that the outcomes of my actions are good. In every task, I ensure that I can complete the most important tasks first and then move to the less important tasks. However, I ensure that all my tasks are done on time. The role model personality has a high level of agreeableness concept. The concept indicates that there is trust, affection, kindness, altruism, and prosocial behavior. I am cooperative, and I believe this is the reason why people see me as a leader. However, there are instances where I can be competitive to the point of manipulating others. I learnt that this is a weakness as different people had pointed it out and I am working towards being competitive without manipulating others. I am caring about others especially my family and the different people that I would like to help once I become a doctor. I am also empathetic, and I ensure I am considerate of people’s feelings before doing or saying anything. I believe that helping others makes me happy and once I become a child psychologist, I will come up with different projects to ensure that the society that does not bring up children with mental disorders into adulthood. My personality has low levels of neuroticism which means that I am emotionally stable, I can deal with stressful conditions, I am relaxed, and I rarely feel sad. In summary, the different scenarios that have happened in my life since at a tender age have greatly helped in my role model personality. The concepts of ego in the psychoanalytic theory and all the concepts in the trait theory have helped me to get a better understanding of who I am. The concepts have offered guidance to understand why I respond and feel in a certain way in different situations. THEORETICAL APPLICATION PAPER Freeman 8 References Bhatti, J. R. (2011). The Dynamics of Successful Personality Development and Projection. Pearson Education, India. Freud, S. (2018). The Ego and the Id. Courier Dover Publications. Funder, D. C. (2015). The Personality Puzzle. W. W. Norton & Company. Garcia, E. (2014). Human personality. The Five-Factor Trait Theory. GRIN Verlag.
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Cross cultural relations:Self Identity Exploration
Cross-cultural relations are a reality in our globalized world. Cultural competence has become
a fundamental aspect for psychologists, it is directly correlated with effective and ethical practices.
With time, the diversity in cultures, traditions, beliefs, among other aspects has been increasing,
this has created inequities in some particular parts of the population of minority groups. The
evaluation of cultural competencies is a determinant aspect of the labors of psychologists and social
workers (Azzopardi & McNeill, 2016). According to Azzopardi & McNeil (2016), culture is the
conjunction of traits, norms, values, and patterns of behavior that a group shares. This concept
includes outward manifestations like religion and race and also subjective associated experiences
in which the identities are involved such as, gender, age, socioeconomic status, political affiliation,
sexual orientation, and geography. This is why even when some groups appear similar or may have
a common background can not be generalized due to stereotypes.
In this matter, self-identity exploration is vital to recognize the bases of our culture, education,
perceptions, and in general the significant influences on the development of the identity. In my
particular case, I have faced different challenges throughout my life. I was born and raised in
Jamaica. When I was 11 years old my mother experienced some health issues and by a
consequence, I had to move to a children´s home. I had to live in this space for three years. After
several years, I moved back home and I had to run away from home because of abuse. This made
me grow up fast as I had to look for different jobs on the beach to fend for myself. Because of the
abuse events and getting out of my house my economic situation was difficult. At first, I had to
collect plastic bottles and sell them so that I could get money to buy food. These challenges have
shaped my personality to date. I had not experienced the concept of “family” since I was a little
girl due to disruptive situations, but I have developed strong values that define my personality.

The Jamaican environment can be challenging at times. I have experiences oppression and
racism. The mentality of most individuals is that they cannot grow to be great individuals in society.
Besides I had also had bad experiences due to my ethnicity and gender. Being a woman in a
Jamaican environment is difficult because they are a lot of negative stereotypes that directly affect
the development and education of women. The threats I went through as a child did not make me
change my dream of becoming a doctor. The challenges were a setback as ...

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