Question 1: Data and Information
Data and information are different terms that people use interchangeably. However, data
refers to the raw facts, numbers, images, values, and symbols that do not have a meaning and
need processing or analysis to make it useful (Surbhi, 2018). On the other hand, information
refers to the data that have been processed, organized, and structured to give it meaning, make it
reliable and useful to people. In this case, information makes sense when it fits the context.
There are many examples of data and information. For instance, a list of dates on a
spreadsheet makes up data. When the data gets a supporting explanation, it becomes information
(Badia, 2014). A list of marks in a test is data, while a student's name alongside the marks makes
it information since it shows what each student scored. Also, the average mark gives information
about what the whole class scored. Another example of data is collecting numbers about the
people present in a given country, city, or community. However, it becomes data when the data is
organized into males, females, and age. Lastly, numbers showing readings of rainfall on a rain
gauge is data. To analyze this data into the period, the readings were collected, and organizing it
to show whether the rainfall is rising or falling over time makes it information.
Question 2: Making Information Free from Errors
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